Lumbar spondylosis, also known as bone spurs, results from chronic lumbar disk degeneration. Lumbar nerve roots may be compressed, stretched or angulated; myelopathy (loss of nerve function) may also develop as a result of compression or recurrent minor trauma to the spinal cord. If left untreated, fusion between two vertebrae can occur. Fusion decreases the flexibility of the spine. Lumbar spondylosis is rare in people under 40.
Treatment depends of the severity of the bone spurs and their location. Often, an individual does not know he has lumbar spondylosis until he''s had an X-ray for an underlying condition. In such a case, treatment may not be needed. If bone spurs become painful, your doctor may prescribe a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).
When lumbar spondylosis is causing pain, bed rest for 48 hours consecutive hours is usually prescribed. If the pain ceases, no other treatment may be required. In cases where lumbar spondylosis becomes unmanageable despite medication and rest, surgery may be required.
Surgery is necessary if lumbar spondylosis limits your range of motion. This will help avoid additional complications such as compression of the spinal nerve and cauda equina syndrome, a loss of function of nerve endings in the spine that's considered a medical emergency. Bone spur surgery usually is conducted using a tiny camera that helps inspect the inside of the affected joint.