Cosmetology is the practical application of principles of art of beauty to the design of hair styles, makeup and nails. Cosmetology teaching methods are designed to help students understand the fundamentals behind hair, makeup and nail care as a profession. Studies in cosmetology lead to a degree in and a license to practice. Cosmetologists work mostly on hair styles, cuts and colors, but makeup and nail styles are also important aspects.
A cosmetology instructor's first teaching method is to use information from books. Assign chapters and entire books on, for example, how to cut hair--the basic steps behind creating hair styles--and books detailing and illustrating typical styles. Also use books on the various steps taken to create the makeup and nail styles that are currently popular. Examples of books, manuals, reference guides and software can be found online at Delmar Cengage Learning.
As students read books, have them take notes on the information, which helps them focus on the most important aspects and retain them. Then lead the class in discussions about what they have read and how that information will be useful when they have a cosmetology degree.
Lecture and Demonstration
The next cosmetology teaching methods include both lecture and demonstration. Talk about various steps that need to be taken to cut and color hair and create distinct styles. Along with talking about how to do these things, demonstrate doing them. This is a serious part of teaching cosmetology because it is only through demonstration that students can visualize and understand how to apply the fundamentals and techniques they are learning about.
Although teaching through lecture and demonstration is important, the most crucial cosmetology teaching method is to allow studends to practice hands-on learning. This includes having them cut and style hair, apply makeup and do the nails of others. Supervise students, give them critiques, and give them hints on how to do better. This gives students the practice they need to develop their skills while working closely with a teacher to ensure that they are doing everything correctly. Hands-on learning in cosmetology often requires the use of volunteers, and it is done only after the student has spent a lot of time studying from books and attending lectures and demonstrations.
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