New Jersey is known for its great tasting sweet corn and tomatoes. There are many varieties of corn which include the traditional as well as the hybrid. Somehow when any sweet variety of corn is grown in Jersey, it has a special flavor to it. This distinct taste has made Jersey sweet corn famous all over the country. Anyone is capable of growing corn, and if you adhere to certain Jersey sweet corn growing tips, you can have a bountiful harvest.
Ideal Growing Conditions
Sweet Corn is grown best in warm conditions; the optimal temperature for it to germinate is around 60 F. Corn plants require a lot of sunlight during the daytime, so they are normally planted in fields or other open areas away from any shade. The sweeter the variety of corn, the higher the temperature requirement will be for the best growth. Jersey sweet corn is usually planted in early May.
Deer and other animals like to feed on the stalks of the corn plant. Therefore, it is always better to fence your corn field. Plant the varieties of corn that are resistant to attacks by bugs. If your crop is still being eaten by bugs, there are many organic and non-organic pest control methods available.
Prepare the Soil
Jersey soil is best suited for growing corn because it is a loamy clay. The ideal pH level of the soil should be approximately 6. If the pH is lower, amend the soil before planting corn with powdered limestone. If the pH level is higher than 6, add fertilizer to the ground.
When you plant corn seeds, drain the soil of any excess water so the seeds don't rot. The soil has to be kept moist in the dry season, and may require watering at regular intervals. If you are growing Jersey sweet corn in an open field, dig irrigation canals prior to planting.
Encourage Plant Fertilization
The corn plant pollinates with the help of the wind. Space the seeds in a tight cluster so they will be pollinated. At the same time, you have to be careful to not place plants so close that their growth is stunted.
Ideally, the seeds should be planted a foot apart in a row; space the rows two and a half feet apart. There should be many rows like this, making a single block. If you are planting different varieties of corn in a single field, keep at least 30 feet between them or you will have a cross-pollinated species.
Corn requires highly fertilized soil. Traditionally, people used to bury fish heads while planting the seeds. This increases the nitrogen content in the soil, which is essential for the healthy growth of the corn ears. Manure that has rotted and compost is also good soil supplements for the plant.