Homemade Fishing Bait for Bluegills

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Bluegill is a species of fish common throughout nearly all of North America. Bluegill are delicious fish and present a ferocious fight when caught, particularly with light tackle, making them one of the most popular game and pan fishes. Bluegill can be caught with many household items, plastic lures or live bait.

Bluegill Characteristics

  • Bluegill can reach lengths over one foot and have, on occasion, been weighed at over 4 pounds. They exist on a diet of other fish insects or other freshwater invertebrates such as small crayfish. Bluegill are in the sunfish family, and are sometimes confused with other species within it. Other sunfish look similar to the Bluegill, but are lighter in color. Bluegill spawn in late spring and early summer and can be spotted in the shallows of ponds and lakes guarding their nests. Oftentimes during spawn they become more aggressive toward potential enemies so they can be caught on lures and not just baits exclusively.

Bluegill Lure Tips

  • If lures are not readily available but tackle is, a few household items will catch bluegill. This fish will eat all of the following: bread, bread dough, sausage, hot dogs, chicken and corn.

    Bluegills are also known to strike objects with bright colors. This is why many serious anglers use a variety of small, brightly colored in-line spinners and other colorful lures.

Bluegill Bait Tips

  • Another key factor in a fish's sensory perception, and a common attractant, is scent. A bluegill's sense of smell is not as sensitive as some species, such as catfish, but scent can definitely attract the fish and trigger strikes. Some bait fisherman will use chicken gizzards because of the odor. Others use a spray-on scent that can be purchased at nearly every bait shop. Some of these products are more effective than others, so be sure to ask an employee for advice before you make a purchase. Also remember, bluegill's natural diet consists of insects, so it may not be a bad idea to shovel out in the backyard for earthworms or look around for crickets, grasshoppers or grubworms.

    When fishing with live baits, try to cast out using added light weights, or no weight at all depending on the tackle and specific conditions, or use a bobber to set a desired fishing depth.

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