Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough thyroid hormones. The thyroid, located in the neck below the larynx, produces hormones that control metabolism. Hypothyroidism is typically found in women past the age of 50. When you are diagnosed with hypothyroidism, changes in your diet can help the absorption of thyroid medicine.
Symptoms of hypothyroidism are depression, fatigue, constipation, sensitivity to cold, weight gain, thinning hair, brittle nails, slow speech, thickness of skin and a decreased sense of taste and smell.
The most commonly prescribed treatment for hypothyroidism is levothyroxine, a thyroid hormone replacement therapy. Once prescribed, this becomes a lifelong treatment. Even as symptoms go away, Levothyroxine must be taken.
According to MayoClinic.com, there is no hypothyroidism diet but certain foods and supplements should be avoided to ensure they don't conflict with the body's absorption of levothyroxine. Walnuts, soy products, high-fiber foods, and iron and calcium supplements should not be consumed within four hours before or after taking a dosage of levothyroxine. The thyroid replacement drug works best on an empty stomach.
Always discuss diet and treatment options with your doctor.