Rosacea is a disorder with swelling, redness, and acne-like formations on the back, scalp, ears, neck, chest, and face. Symptoms include a flushing of the neck and face, dry skin, acne, nose bumps, red lines, and burning, itching, and stinging skin. This disorder is sometimes confused with other conditions and should be diagnosed by a doctor before treatments are applied. There is no cure for the condition, but there are over-the-counter treatments for Rosacea.
Azelaic acid is a cream or gel-like over-the-counter medication that is used to treat lesions, swelling, and bumps associated with Rosacea. Classified as a dicarboxylic acid, azelaic acid works by destroying the bacteria that infects skin pores. Because the medication works to diminish the amount of keratin that the skin produces, the medication will not block pores. The gel is applied to the surface of the skin two times daily: once in the morning and once at night. Results may not be observed for up to 28 days. Alternative names for azelaic acid include Heptanedicarboxylic acid and the brand name Azelex®.
Benzoyl Peroxide is used to treat the acne-like formations associated with Rosacea. Because it is an antibacterial agent, it can also destroy the bacterium that augments acne formations. This medication is available in a variety of forms including creams, lotions, gels, liquids, and bars. Appy to the skin twice daily. Results may not be observed for six weeks.
If you notice excessive dryness, peeling, stinging or tingling of the skin, or if your skin feels warm to the touch, stop using immediately. Discoloration of the skin may occur when using sunscreen containsing para-aminobenzoic acid and benzoyl peroxide. Brand name products containing Benzoyl Peroxide include Benoxyl®, Benzac®, Desquam®, Fostex®, Oxy 10®, and PanOxyl, among many others.
Sulfur bars and lotions have a parasitical, fungicidal, keartolytic, and germicidal effect. Sulfur is converted by epidermal cells and microorganisms into pentathionic acid, which helps to diminish issues with Rosacea and acne. These product should be used alone, and not in conjunction with other skin treatments, to avoid potential drug interaction. Common brand named products containing sulfur include Cuticura Ointment, Fostex®, Fostril® Lotion, Sulpho-Lac®, and Finac®.