Special Diet for Bleeding Ulcers

Stomach, or peptic, ulcers are small erosions in the gastrointestinal area that can easily become irritated by certain foods and beverages. An ulcer can be extremely uncomfortable when irritated and even more uncomfortable and serious if it begins to bleed. To prevent further irritation and eventual bleeding, it is important to know what foods and drinks to avoid and what is safe to consume.

A man with abdominal pain
A man with abdominal pain (Heiko119/iStock/Getty Images)
Foods to Avoid

Certain foods are known to aggravate a stomach ulcer. Avoid spicy seasonings such as black pepper, chili powder and hot peppers in your meals. High-fat and fried foods should also be avoided or eaten in moderation, depending on the severity of the ulcer. Tomato-based sauces and condiments (ketchup, salsa) and acid-heavy citrus fruits (oranges, limes) should also be eaten sparingly. Chocolate, since it contains caffeine, should be consumed in moderation.

Small bowl of ketchup
Small bowl of ketchup (YelenaYemchuk/iStock/Getty Images)
Beverages to Avoid

It is best to avoid caffeinated beverages altogether (colas, coffee, tea) because caffeine stimulates acid secretion in the stomach, which irritates an existing ulcer. Avoid both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee. Citrus-based fruit juices, cocoa and especially alcohol are known to upset an existing ulcer as well. Again, these may be enjoyed in moderation depending on the severity of the ulcer.

Cup of hot coffee
Cup of hot coffee (MeePoohyaphoto/iStock/Getty Images)
Acceptable Foods and Drinks

Better food choices include grilled or broiled lean meats (chicken, fish) and bland vegetables and grains (potatoes, white rice). Use low-fat, non-spicy dressings and sauces and choose less-acidic fruits such as peaches, grapes and bananas. Many desserts can be eaten (angel food cake, sugar cookies), but remember to consume chocolate in moderation. Every ulcer is different, so what one person might eat without any problems may be another person's regret. Even the foods that are seemingly suitable to eat might aggravate an ulcer at some point, so the best thing to do is pay attention to your body and know the symptoms of an aggravated ulcer to avoid further irritation from your diet.

A dish of salmon and vegetables
A dish of salmon and vegetables (beti gorse/iStock/Getty Images)
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