How to Set Up a Condenser Microphone

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Condenser microphones are commonly used in recording studios. Get an overview of the condenser microphone and setting up a PA sound system in this free professional music video from an expert PA system designer.

Part of the Video Series: How to Set Up PA Systems
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Video Transcript

Hi, my name is Kip Bradford and I am here on behalf of Expert Village. The other type of microphone that you will commonly run into are condenser microphones. Now this is a condenser microphone this particular microphone is very good for overheads but they make vocal microphones one's for hand held vocal application now. Which don't look a lot different from this one cause this is primarily used for vocals but the advantage to a condenser microphone is that they can make them much smaller number one, number two they tend to sound a little more transparent. They have a little cleaner sound to them in certain applications what you need to know about condenser microphones are they do not make a voltage or an electrical representation from the sound pressure levels so that the acoustic energy that you give it. It needs some power on your mixing board you will find a switch that says phantom power, now some condenser microphones will actually accept a battery. Those are almost inexpensive ones or they're something that has a special application where they have predesigned it and you may not have access to phantom power. But condenser microphones are really great choice to have in your microphone arsenal. Now you'll also run into microphones such as this and this is primarily not always but primarily used, these are what we called large diaphragm microphones. And they're primarily used in the recording studio environment although it is common to see bands like blue grass bands and so forth use one microphone with and army directional pattern, meaning that the microphone picks up equally at all sides 360 degrees all the way around. And they will move in and out closer to the microphone when they play it you can adjust your own volume and their own sound pressure levels. Condenser microphones like the little skinny ones that we looked at or this one large diaphragm which is also a condenser it's also very sensitive. So they pick up things much better when it comes to microphones there are tons and tons of choices; there are different patterns, different terminology, microphones with a great proximity affect which means the closer I get to the microphone the more low end there is. There's frequencies and we can actually do a whole video maybe even two videos on just microphones but for this basic video we just given you a simple overview of the types of microphones you'll run into.

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