How to Germinate Plant Seeds

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The process of germinating plant seeds begins by obtaining a very sterile soil made of peat moss and perlite and watering the freshly planted seed often. Encourage a seed to sprout a stem with gardening help from an urban horticulturist in this free video on plant seeds.

Part of the Video Series: Gardening From Seeds
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Video Transcript

Hi! I'm Stan DeFreitas, Mr. Green Thumb for How do you plant seeds? How do you get seeds to germinate? Well, seeds have a viability or a life factor in all seeds. When you get seeds from a nursery and they're in a package, typically they're going to be, well, they're usually coated. They may have a little bit of a fungicide on them. Sometimes they'll be kind of pink colored and that pink color is typically a little fungicide that's been put on them. Now, when you start off to grow seeds to germinate them, you need to make sure you have a real sterile soil. Most of our bag soils are going to be naturally sterile. They're going to have peat moss which has been covered by water for thousands if not billions of years. They're going to have perlite which has been exploded, little white rock material which we'll see in almost all the little potting soils. It's exploded about 1,800 degrees and/or vermiculite which is also exploded at a very high temperature. That makes them sterile and sterile is important because you want to make sure that you don't have too many pathogens to start off with, like bacteria and fungi which are two of the main problems in germinating your own seeds. Always start off with a real good soil, a sterile soil. Many of the bags will even say it's a sterile soil. If the package seeds says a half inch deep, make sure you plant it a half inch deep. If it says a quarter inch, plant it a quarter inch. Don't try to go a whole lot deeper. All folks do that and when they do they have problems. The seed has all the natural viability that it needs to germinate. The life force is there, and growing seeds is kind of a miracle of life. When you get to see a little seed sprout and you get to see the little plant sprout up after a couple of weeks, you get the whole package. So it's need to teach children, for the young and for the young heart you can teach them about how to get seeds to grow and it's a fun hobby. Make sure you have enough moisture, make sure you water and get that seed totally moist to begin with, and keep it moist until germination is through and even your little plant is a small, little juvenile plant, you're going to have to make sure that you water on a regular basis. I'm Stan DeFreitas, Mr. Green Thumb, for growing seeds.


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