Wood Turning: Lathe Parts

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Wood Turning: Manual Lathe....5

In wood turning, parts of a lathe tool include the head stock, the spindle and ball bearings. Discover the parts of a lathe with tips from an expert wood turner in this free video on wood crafts.

Part of the Video Series: Wood Turning Basics
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Video Transcript

Now looking at the lathe here, let's talk about the parts just really quickly. We've got the head stock. And in the head stock we have the spindle, of course it's got ball bearings here, and here. This particular lathe has an indexing right here. And that, as well as the indexing we can use this to lock the lathe in place, and that allows us to take our chucks off, and various things like that. Indexing is nice if we had a spindle, and we wanted to do some routing or some carving around it, and we can index that in equal spaces all around. Indexing is a very nice thing to have, to lock the spindle is very important. Make sure that when you look at a lathe, look for a standard size here. There's some lathes that have oddball sizes, stay away from those, because the accessories you put on there can give you some problems down the road. If you want to put an accessory on there but they don't make it for your size, because it's an oddball lathe, the lathe size, that could be a problem. Now here's our drive center. Our drive center, we've got- this is called a four prong drive center, and notice how the center is longer, that's always important. But the back end of this is probably, as far as your lathe goes, this is a taper, this is a number 2 Morris taper, and that'll mate into this Morris taper here, and that'll allow it to be driven, okay. And this is for driving spindle, square stock. Now, in our tail stock, which is here, important that it's easy to slide back and forth, move it back and forth, important cam locks there, in and out, so it moves really nicely. Again, we've got a taper here, this is a number 2. You usually want number 2 tapers, some smaller lays, might use a 1, but number 2 is the most standard, try to get that kind of one, choose a number 2 taper. Again, that locks in there, locks our parts in. You can take a knock out rod, and those would come right out. Or some lathes, you back the tail stock out, and itself ejects it. So, we've got our tapers, we've got our spindle on that. Here's a banjo, our tool rest banjo, the part that moves physically back and forth, this is actually our tool rest. Now we'll have different lengths of tool rests. This one's a 12, that's the most common, and you'll have probably a 6 inches, the other most common one for smaller projects. On your mini lathes, you usually end up with just a 6 inch tool rest, and not a 12, a 12 is just too big for a mini lathe. Make sure the switches are accessible. And it's easy to change the motor. Again, you want a good heavy lathe that you can afford it on that. And I think that about finishes up the lathe, as far as things to look for on that. It's always important to have it well lit up. Most shops are dark, and you can't see very well, so have some good lighting, and you should be in good shape.

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