Causes of Major Depressive Disorder

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The causes of major depressive disorder are often chemically-based, but they can sometimes be thinking-based, much like normal depression. Understand what causes the short-term, very intense symptoms of major depressive disorder with information from a licensed mental health counselor in this free video on mental health conditions.

Part of the Video Series: Mental Health & Behavior
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Video Transcript

I'm Dr. David Thomas. I'm a practicing psychotherapist in Tampa, Floria with the Whitford Thomas Group speaking to you today about the causes of Major Depressive Disorder. The causes of Major Depressive Disorder can be varied. When we are talking about any type of depressive disorder there are two types of depression. There is a thinking depression and what we call an endogenous which is a chemical depression. Major Depressive Disorder tends to be chemically driven but not always. When we are looking at Major Depressive Disorder unlike depression it tends to be a much shorter duration but much more intense so the symptoms of depression which can be varied but generally the symptoms of depression fall in the line of hopelessness and helplessness. If someone were hopeless meaning that we don't think things are going to get better in our life and we combine that with helplessness that there is not anything I can do about it we tend to create this depressed state which often manifests itself in inability to sleep, eat well, get up and do normal activities, responsibilities. Often times depressed symptoms tend to be that you sleep a lot. Depressed symptoms fall in the area of inability to concentrate to focus and again motivation. So we are looking at a Major Depressive Disorder, it is just kind of an expansion or a much more elevated state. Usually when folks experience Major Depressive Disorder it requires a referral to a psychiatrist or your family physician. Major Depressive Disorders often times are difficult to think your way through but certainly not all Major Depressions are chemically driven. Some are certainly cognitively driven and we want to begin to take a look at what people are telling themselves to create the symptoms of depression. If after a period of time the individuals or counselors or psychotherapy are unable to minimize this depression then certainly a referral to a psychiatrist would be warranted. I'm Dr. David Thomas speaking to you today about the causes of Major Depressive Disorder.

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