The Process of Making Beer

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The process of making beer begins with a grain mash, such as barley, which is then strained, boiled and cooled before yeast is added. Learn about the beer-making process, including the carbonation while it is bottled, with information from a professional bartender in this free video on beer.

Part of the Video Series: Beer, Drinks & Bars
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Video Transcript

So if you're interested in making beer, or you just want to know how beer is made, I will tell you. First, you make a mash with grains, like barley. You just let these grains steep in hot water for awhile, and once the water becomes colored and absorbs the flavors of the grains, you will strain it. And once it's strained, then you add your sugars to it. Traditionally, it's malted barley that you would use. And, once you add that malted barley to the mash, what you have is called a 'wort.' WORT. And wort is, basically, it just...it will be a very sweet liquid. You boil it. And as you boil it, you add hops. And, the boiling process is what releases the hop's flavor. And, that boiling process is, usually it only takes about forty five minutes. Once that is done, that's when you need to cool down the mixture, and add the yeast. Once you add the yeast, then, of course, it ferments and the yeast converts all those sugars to alcohol. Once that is done, you need to carbonate the beer. Now, with a lot of beers, what they do for the big companies when they mass-produce beer, they just artificially add CO2 to the beer, but, the higher end beers, what they do is, they will add some extra yeast, or, sorry, some extra sugar to the beer right before they bottle it, and then cap it. And then, as that yeast....as the yeast works on the sugar you added, it isn't released because the bottle is capped, it's trapped, and the beer becomes carbonated.

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