How to Breed Koi

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Breeding koi fish is done by raising them in clay ponds or pools that contain electrolytes and plants where they can lay their eggs. Discover the art of breeding koi with instructions from a koi breeder and aquarium specialist in this free video on fish care.

Part of the Video Series: Aquariums, Ponds & Fish Care
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Hi I'm Jim Newman from Making Waves Incorporated and we're covering how to breed koi. Koi are typically going to be bred in what are typically referred to as clay ponds or pools and typically not going to be aesthetically pleasing as they would normally in a home pond. They're going to be maintained in clay ponds because of the electrolytes and the various types of trace elements that are in clay ponds. And of course we'll also utilize various forms of greens such as cabomba or jungle val. So that leaves fish can go right ahead and lay their eggs in the various plants. With koi especially in Japan, they are typically going to be raised up until they can actually see the coloration that's going to be involved at which time they will actually cull the fish in question. During the spring and summertime that's when the koi are mainly going to be bred. At which point you're going to see exactly what type of coloration you have along with a confirmation of the body. Once you see exactly what's going on with that, you're going to do what's commonly referred to as culling. Culling is when they're actually taking a look and seeing the color and making sure the desirable coloration of the fish are going to be chosen. Usually when they're doing this they're looking for the coloration on how deep the reds may be, how vibrant the yellows are or how white the whites can be as well. During this period of time they're going to go right ahead and place them in separate clay ponds and let them grow. Typically a koi of between 5 to 6 inches are going to be able to be readily seen as to what type of coloration they're going to be in relations to their adult colorations. Typically a koi of white, red and black are desirable. They're either known as showa or sanke. Over here we have the white koi which is known as platinum ogon and the yellowish koi which is as known as yamabuki ogon which usually is typically a more vibrant yellow. This is known as a shusui or German scale koi, you will notice the enlarged scales on the top and on the sides. These fish are available in various colorations and are highly desirable. Another koi that is highly sought over is the redcap or tancho. In this tancho we see the pale coloration with the redcap on the center of the head. These fish right can run anywhere between 25 dollars to many thousands of dollars. A typical koi of this size which is 5 to 6 inches should run you anywhere between 60 to 75 dollars at a reputable koi dealer. Typically a koi that's going to be anywhere from this size which is about 18 inches or more, can run you anywhere from between 2 to 300 hundred dollars depending on what they're looking like. If their color is going to be a championship line, get ready, anywhere between 2 to 3,000 dollars is not unheard of. As a matter of fact, just 6 years ago a koi in Japan sold for 250,000 dollars on auction.

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