The Four Components of Dog Training

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A dog obedience training expert demonstrates the four components used to teach a dog a new behavior or commands in this free online video series.

Part of the Video Series: How to Train a Dog
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Video Transcript

Hi this is Elise and in this short video clip we’re going to be talking about the four components of teaching a dog behavior. If you would like to learn more of my services, you can visit my website at www.canineheadstart.com. So what we’re going to be doing today is talking about teaching a dog a certain behavior and what four components are very important for the human to keep in mind when doing this. We’re going to be working today with Ursa, who is a 3 year old female Briard, and what we’re going to do is we’ll work on a basic behavior which probably every person’s dog knows just to show you where these four components fit in. To start the first one is the command and the command would be, in this case we’re going to work on sit. After we’ve given a command, we need a way of telling the dog that that behavior that they did is correct. We can use a clicker which I have hanging around my neck here, or we can use a word, typically people use the word yes. And a clicker is often a little bit more effective, a little bit more precise, it sounds the same regardless of who is saying it in the family, although one thing that you want to do is make sure you keep it up out of the kids’ hands, but you need to have that way of marking the dog’s behavior to let him know that that what they just did was correct. After you’ve marked the behavior we need to reward the behavior and typically what we do is we’ll say good dog and give him a treat and that’s the reward. After we’ve done that it’s very important that we release the dog from the behavior, this is something that’s often forgotten, but if you don’t give the dog a release, you’re really leaving it up to the dog to decide when they should get up or when they should break the stay. So I’m going to show you want the series would be. Ursa – sit. Mark the behavior, good girl – praise the behavior, and then okay – release the behavior, good job, good job. And those are the very four very important components to remember when you’re teaching a dog.

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