Running events in outdoor track and field usually range in distance from 100 meters to 3,200 meters at the U.S. high school level and from 100 meters to 10,000 meters at the U.S. college level. Preparing for a sport that's contested in the spring means training during the winter, and in many parts of the U.S., you may have to take to the treadmill during inclement weather.
Long after running ceased to be a necessity for sheer survival, human beings have enjoyed testing the limits of their foot speed. This can mean maximum speed over a very short distance, or sustained running over long distances. The physiological requirements for success in the sprints differ vastly from those needed to reach top performance in the 26.2-mile marathon.
Learning how to pace yourself properly during a 1,500-meter race can be the difference between winning and losing. Begin training with a specific pace in mind so you gradually get to know your strengths and limitations. The 1,500-meter race is considered a middle distance event, which requires physical stamina along with psychological preparation. You need enough endurance to be fast all the way to the end, and the right pace can help you achieve that goal.
To the trained eye, the differences between sprinters and long distance runners are similar to those between a top fuel drag race car and a hybrid engine fuel-efficient car. From the differences in the type of fuel and the makeup of the engine to the body design and physical demands of the sport, the sprinter and the distance runner are two different beasts.
The 4 x 100-meter relay -- also known simply as the "4 x 1" -- is a sprint event in which four members of each team runs a 100-meter leg. The 4 x 100-meter relay is commonly run at all track and field levels, from youth through professional. It's typically the last event in major meets such as the Olympics and the World Championships.
Track athletes need to generate explosive power and speed from muscles in the lower body. With that in mind, a targeted exercise plan that focuses on the muscles used during competition can fuel better performance. The components of a complete training program for track athletes include exercises that emphasize agility, flexibility, strength and technique. A variety of performance-enhancing activities that utilize functional movement to increase lower body strength will ultimately help track athletes achieve peak ability.
If you have knee, ankle or foot pain when you run, your hips may be the cause. If you can’t stabilize your hips when you run, you’re not getting enough support for your lower extremities. In particular, the muscles in your hips control the movements of your knee. When your hip abduction or external rotation is inadequate, you risk improper knee alignment. A regular hip-strengthening regimen will help prevent injury.
The 400 meters is track's longest standard sprint event; the 800 meters is its shortest middle-distance contest. Without the jets of a true sprinter, success in the 400 is impossible, while a lack of endurance will squash the ambitions of any 800-meter specialist. Some athletes -- notably Cuba's Alberto Juantorena, the double gold medalist in the 400- and 800-meter races in the 1976 Olympics -- have managed to achieve supremacy in both events. Key workouts can point you in the same direction.
Shot putters require core strength for several reasons, which includes being able to produce and marshal the force necessary to throw a shot put without extraneous movement. Strong abdominals also enable proper body placement as well as the trunk rotation required for fluid throwing form. Abs exercises should strengthen your abdominals with a particular emphasis on your obliques, or the muscles on the sides of your waist. You should also incorporate medicine ball exercises to build power and core stability.
Discus and shot put throwers require triple flexion, or flexion of the hip, knee and ankle, and they must rotate their bodies in relation to that. They need superior balance to maintain their center of mass while spinning. When it comes to controlling and stabilizing the forces they need to throw an object, a thrower’s balance is also linked to rhythm. Perform exercises to work not only on balance but also throwing technique.
If you’re a sprinter, you need not only leg strength but also power or the ability to contract your leg muscles with great force and speed. If your legs are weak when sprinting, you can use various techniques, such as hill sprints, plyometrics and resistance running, to build power and endurance. However, before you can safely undertake plyometrics or more specialized training, you should condition your legs via traditional weight training.
Aerobic capacity refers to the maximal amount of oxygen your body can use during exercise. The more oxygen you can use, the more efficient your body will be at maintaining exercise for a longer period of time. Sprinters primarily rely on the anaerobic energy-producing system during a race, so they don't need aerobic capacity to win. Still, increasing aerobic capacity can assist in the recovery phase directly following a sprint.
Long jumping is a somewhat complex event, requiring speed, strength, timing and agility. The biomechanics involved in the long jump are well understood, as the exercise has hardly changed since the beginning of modern athletics. There are four components of a successful long jump: the run-up, the take-off, the flight and the landing. Each of these requires different body mechanics and, in some cases, such as in the flight, different methods are available to athletes.
If you're short on time or just looking for an effective exercise to burn fat without losing muscle mass, sprinting is the way to go. Because of its anaerobic effect and use in interval training, sprinting burns more calories than traditional aerobic conditioning. There isn't a definitive answer to what distance to sprint to burn fat. Rather, you should structure your training to increase your heart rate into the anaerobic zone, concentrating on how long you sprint for instead of how far you go.
Whether you’re a sprinter or a distance runner, as a track athlete you know the importance of stretching and exercising to help condition your body for running. In fact, according to "Running Times," stretching and maintaining a strong core through exercise can help prevent injury and boost your overall performance on the track. A variety of exercises and stretches are the best way to ensure a total body workout that will put you at the top of your game.
The American College of Sports Medicine is a group of more than 45,000 health and fitness professionals from around the world. The organization was started back in 1954. The ACSM’s most basic definition of anaerobic exercise is any type of exercise that activates the body’s nonoxidative system to fuel the movement. Anaerobic is actually defined as “no oxygen,” and that’s exactly how this energy system works. It sounds confusing, but it’s easier to understand by comparing it to the more recognizable type of exercise, aerobic.
One of the most important muscles used in sprinting are the hamstrings. The hamstrings are located in the back of the thighs and are a powerful muscle for speed. Another muscle that is very important for sprinting are the glutes. By using a thigh lift that builds both the hamstrings and the glutes, you will be building and toning two of the most critical muscles for sprinting. Perform three sets at least three times per week.
In the the long jump, a takeoff board marks the point at which an athlete's feet must leave the ground to begin a jump. The takeoff board is usually made from a piece of wood about eight inches across with a plasticine, or putty-like material, that imprints the footprint of an athlete who oversteps it. An Illinois company, Gill Athletics, manufactures adjustable aluminum takeoff boards, including a model built to comply with the rules and regulations of high school track and field competition, the 441T.
Sprinters seem to defy the normal capacities of the human body. As you watch sprinters running as quickly as they can down a short-distance track, you might think that they are flying, or just touching the ground with their toes. If you are trying to become a sprinter, it is best not to imitate the best of the best with what you have observed on television or at a track and field event. Take the time to learn what effects sprinting on your toes can have.
There are many types of running shoes that are designed with varying levels of cushion and support, and for use for various distances and terrain. Middle distance shoes are specifically designed for athletic track events ranging from 800 meters to one mile. Characterized by high speeds, the sport demands endurance. Track shoes with spikes help increase the runner's traction. There are several recommended shoes on the market for middle distance runners.
Though sprinting does not require as much endurance as distance running, endurance is still an important skill for sprinters. Many sprinters ignore this piece of their training, but focusing on endurance will improve their running form and abilities. Running farther will help, as will adding longer fast intervals to your training.
Purchasing official track hurdles can be expensive. Practice track hurdles, on the other hand, can be made for a much lower cost and used for your practice training sessions and also be adjusted to meet regulation height to simulate the official hurdles used in competition.
Runners who don't feel that they have the athletic ability to run long races, such as marathons, half-marathons and 10-kilometer (10K) races can benefit from running 5-kilometer (5K) races. The distance, which is equal to 3.1 miles, is short enough that novice runners can finish in a relatively short time and long enough to give the advanced runner a workout. How you train and prepare your body for a 5K race has much to do with how fast you will run. Targeting specific body parts and developing productive running routines are some of the secrets to running a faster 5K…
Not all hurdles are created equal. Equal in height, that is. There are five different heights that hurdles can be set at: 42, 39, 36, 33, and 30 inches. This corresponds to the Open, College High, High School High, Intermediate, Women's and Lows classes. For practicing at the local park, you can make inexpensive, adjustable hurdles out of PVC pipe. They can be twisted together in just a few minutes and dissembled when finished.
Working muscles require oxygen to operate at high capacity, especially in aerobic athletes. When muscles in the body require more oxygen to operate, the lungs work harder to absorb more oxygen from the air, which results in heavy breathing. Different levels of oxygen, and different styles of breathing may be required, depending on the distance, physical demands of the race and fitness levels of the athlete.
As with many other exercise regimens, runners have been known to plateau, reaching a certain point in their running where they fail to continue improving. These plateaus can be frustrating and lead to a runner developing bad habits or ending training completely. Focusing on particular aspects of your training, such as improving muscle strength and flexibility through stretching exercises and weight training can help you lower you overall time when running miles.
Performing a variety of warm-up exercises prior to running in a track meet is one of the keys to success. You have to make sure that your muscles are fully stretched out, warm and freshly oxygenated in order to perform at your best. Being completely warmed up and stretched will also lessen the possibility of injury during your event. Start off with a series of stretches designed to loosen all the major muscles in your legs and lower body, then move on to specific exercises designed to loosen your feet, back and hips.
Practice hurdles are an essential piece of training equipment for hurdlers as they prepare for competition. There are several ways to make hurdles made of PVC pipe which are quite simple, but these types of hurdles are locked into a single height. Since professional hurdles are adjustable, you probably would like your practice hurdle to be adjustable as well. This tutorial demonstrates how to build a practice hurdle out of PVC pipe that can be adjusted to any of the five official heights.
When performing a high jump, your back needs to arch properly. If you do not arch your back properly, you will not only jump over the bar, and you may injure yourself. With proper training and lots of practice, your back will be ready for high jumping in competitions. Know your limits beforehand, as you do not want to strain yourself to the point of injury.
Running track successfully requires a number of different skills. Short distance runners, such as those running 100-meter dashes, need to have a lot of strength in their legs so they can create quick bursts of speeds. Harriers who run long distances, such as the 5,000-meter run, need to have strong legs but also need to develop stamina to carry them to the finish line. Improving at track requires doing mental preparations away from the track, and developing physical skills on and off the track.
The discus sector affords athletes 34.92 degrees of the compass on which they may land their throw. Discus field setup is a matter of using right triangles with hypotenuses along the center line of the discus sector to find the two halves of the sector. Use a few assistants with tape measures the next time you need to set up an official discus sector.
Track and field is a competitive sport that consist of different events such as running, throwing and jumping. There are different types of sprint races that runners can compete in. Train and compete for your preferred type of sprint by committing to a training program that develops endurance and speed.
The hardest part about jogging is knowing how to start. Nobody turns from couch surfer to road racer overnight, so you need to set modest goals and stick to a plan. Track your progress to keep yourself motivated, and commit to jogging on your scheduled days. With a commitment to your schedule and determination, you will find yourself jogging 20 miles a week before you know it.
Track and field enthusiasts have been celebrating the discus since as early as 800 BC, when the sport was practiced in ancient Greece. The discus is a heavy metal, wood or rubber disc that is thrown using a side-arm technique, and competitors strive to lob the disc as far as possible. Although athletes and enthusiasts can purchase their own discus at a high price, some may prefer to make their own inexpensive wooden discus for practice.
Jumper's knee also goes by the name "patellar tendinitis." Persistent pain just below the knee cap let's you know that you may have this condition. A knee strap can ease jumper's knee and also prevent the problem from reccurring. Knee straps vary widely in design and price, depending on the degree of support required and the activity undertaken.
The high jump is a track and field event that hinges on a synchronicity of running, timing and leaping to achieve success. As with many athletic pursuits, the high jump requires practice and preparation in what amounts to a battle of wills between you and the bar. From the moment you begin your approach, you must quickly put together several components, such as speed and power to effectively jump over the bar.
Track and field competitions are measured down to a hundredth of a second for determining the winner and runner-ups. As a result of this tiny time measurement, athletes must have the proper equipment for their particular sport for a successful career. Competitive track and field athletes use a variety of different spikes attached to their shoes. Two specific spike types are compression and pyramid.
Runners can join a team to compete on the track in different running events including sprints, middle- and long-distance events. Track runners can also participate in relay races that feature a small team with runners who pass a baton to each other in succession. Joining a track team will improve your running skills and allow you to meet and compete with other runners that share the same passion.
Any serious sporting event requires the right shoes to be competitive and avoid injury. This is especially true in track and field competitions of discus throw and shot put. Although it is more economical to purchase an overall throwing shoe, not all competitors can safely wear the same shoe for both glide and spin throwing. Athletes new to these events should consult a sports physician in selecting shoes for their height and technique.
Add some flash to your feet as you dash down the track lanes by embellishing your own track spikes. Combine a bit of creativity and some simple tricks to create track spikes that will showcase your personal style. Armed with personalized track spikes, you can either stand out as an individual runner or create spikes that will unite a running team as they jet around the track.
Competitive track athletes are always looking to gain an edge. From equipment to technique, the search for a second here and a second there is the ultimate goal for you as a runner. One of the basic equipment elements of track are your shoes, which, when they have spikes, can help your times.
The hammer throw is an extremely challenging track and field event. A precision move that combines strength, speed and coordination is required to achieve distance in the hammer throw. Fitness contributes to the strength and speed you need to be competitive in this event, but without a solid foundation of good technique underneath physical prowess you will never rise to the top of the sport.
When it comes to competing in track events, even a tenth of a second can separate first from fifth place. Fortunately, you can add a legal advantage to your low-profile racing flats by adding your own spikes. If you're strapped for cash, or don't like the feel of pre-spiked track shoes, all you need are sheet metal screws, a cordless drill and your running shoes. For less than a pair of shoelaces, you can have your racing flats converted to a sprinter's dream shoe in no time.
Vibram Five Fingers is a brand of sports shoe, identified by its unique design. Each shoe has a thin sole and five individual toe holds, somewhat like a glove for your foot. This trainer is made from synthetic plastic fibers, which give the wearer the sensation of being barefoot. As such, Vibram Five Fingers are much less bulky than a traditional trainer. Vibram Five Fingers are designed to be used on hard, cement or concrete surfaces -- like a road -- but do follow safety precautions, if you have not used them before, to avoid damaging your feet.
Tracks spikes are necessary for runners who want to get traction on a track. They improve the foot's grip on the ground, allowing the runner to gain greater propulsion with each step. "Track spikes," racing shoes that come with spikes already attached, are much lighter than typical training shoes, contributing to speed.
Spike shoes are used by many athletes including golfers, soccer players and runners. Spikes increase the safety of the sport, although they may not be suitable for all conditions. Before you choose a pair of spike racers for a running competition, make sure they are beneficial, instead of detrimental, to the specific conditions of your running terrain.
The javelin throw is a field event contested in college and adult amateur levels and involves throwing a spear for distance. Lining up for the javelin requires specific footwork for balance and distribution of weight to deliver power to the throw. Much of the time spent practicing javelin involves footwork drills without even picking the javelin up.
Passing the relay stick is an important event in any relay race. You must properly train for it and understand the rules to maximize the effectiveness. Movement, positioning and proper grip are all important components on making a successful relay pass, and in combination can give your team a leg up on the competition.
Jumping skills can propel your team to victory in a competition or attract the attention of talent evaluators for one sport or another. Training yourself to jump 10 feet is a suitably ambitious starting point. Two jumping methods will land you at this distance. In a broad jump, athletes start in a standing position and jump as far as possible. In a long jump, athletes take a running start before launch. Either method requires proper technique.
As a hurdler on a track and field team, you will find that practice is essential to success. However, in addition to practicing, training drills can be the missing link to obtaining your goals in any hurdling event at a track and field meet. By using drills often and in variance, you will feel more confident in your event.
Go to a track and field meet and you see athletes in skintight gear known as singlets. Singlets are made from high-tech nylon or synthetic fabric designed to breathe and dissipate moisture from sweat. Most track and field clubs or teams use a design representing their team on the singlet. Because the chemicals used to "sublimate" the design into the singlets are dangerous and highly caustic, it is not practical to do the job yourself. However, design you custom singlets through graphics clothing companies to get the desired logos and imprints onto your singlets.
Proper technique is crucial to shaving seconds off of your time when competing in track. Technique becomes even more important when running on 160-meter indoor tracks. Indoor tracks have much sharper turns than outdoor tracks. Jesse Tukuafu proved with his thesis on the effects of curve radius on sprint speed that the sharper the curves, the more a runner will slow down. However, there are techniques you can utilize to help maintain your straightaway speed on those tight curves.
Track meets include both running and field events, all of which are typically scored on a point system. The point scale varies, depending on whether the event is a school, national or international meet. If you are scoring a track meet for the first time, there are different ways to go about it. Whether you manually record points or purchase a software program to assist with the process, study each event and prepare for your important role in the upcoming track meet.
The pole vault, one of many track and field events, can be a dangerous activity due to the motions used to propel yourself up and over the bar. In order to maintain the maximum amount of safety during the event, it is crucial to use a pole rated for your weight. Since 1995, the actual poles used for pole vaulting are built with an etching around the pole handle, indicating the proper weight rating for the pole.
The 800 meter run is a difficult event in track and field. The distance is short enough to require a full sprinting pace and long enough to challenge the body's ability to maintain the pace. It is a long sprint and runners must have physical strength and stamina. The run also requires mental development to push through the pain that is associated with the final leg of the race. Training for the 800 m competition requires a dedicated approach.
Track and field is a challenging sport to take on, whether you're throwing the discus or javelin or running the mile -- or even the 100-meter race. There are quite a few things to keep in mind when deciding to run track events and the more fit you are at the beginning, the easier the transition will be to track workouts.
A relay running race consists of four runners, each normally running one-quarter of the race distance. Typically the second-fastest runner starts the race while the slowest runner runs in the third position and the second-slowest in second. The last runner in a relay is known as the anchor and is generally the fastest runner on the team. The relay anchor is a very important part of the team because he is responsible for holding the lead or making up ground lost by other members of the team.
Although not an Olympic track event, training to enhance 50-meter sprint speed is essential for all sprint athletes and football, soccer and other team sports players who require acceleration and speed. Many amateur fitness enthusiasts concentrate all their efforts on cardiovascular training, but effective sprint training increases lactate threshold and is also beneficial to endurance athletes. As such, sprint training should be a feature in every athlete's and fitness enthusiast's training program.
A long snap is required for a punt and a point after touchdown -- PAT. The ball is placed on the yard line, and the long snapper grips the ball and "snaps" it between his legs. Though it's called a long snap, it's essentially a pass between the center's legs. The keys to a good long snap are speed, spiral and accuracy. The factors that determine these aspects of a long snap are body position, grip and snap.
Athletes competing in track and field events need to have various facilities and equipment. Facilities necessary for throwing, running, hurdling and jumping events include a track, a field and a sand pit. Each event also requires particular items of equipment and, in most cases, athletes have a wide range of choices to suit their tastes and abilities.
The path to a professional career in running is one that takes talent, time and skill. Knowing the right path and receiving guidance are important factors to reach a professional level of running. Stay motivated and keep training to continually improve your running technique and speed. This will strengthen your potential and readiness to make the transition from amateur to professional.
Almost all track athletes and coaches can attest to the advantage track spikes give competitors when racing. The removable spikes can be easily dulled, and that advantage nullified, by a few steps taken on concrete, asphalt or any rough terrain. Often, however, the removable spikes become stuck due to prolonged use, the grit that tends to work itself into the thread of the spikes or the spike wrench that comes with the footwear strips the spike, as a screwdriver can with stuck screw.
Determining your size for track spikes depends on the type of shoe. Because track spikes vary among race and gender, brands and types are available in most track specialty and running shoe stores.Choosing your track size can be confusing because these shoes fit differently than regular shoes. It helps to understand your individual needs. Typically, track runners search for snug-fitting shoes to increase their agility.
The 500-meter dash requires dedicated training as does any running event. This training involves running various lengths to prepare for the 500m. Stretching and being hydrated prior to the run are also necessary. Runners should focus on having a solid start. Working on lengthening and strengthening strides will help in the middle portion of the race. Lastly, the athletes must be able to go all out the last 100 meters and push strong through the finish line.
A 5 kilometer (5k) run is often used as a jump-off point for endurance runners in training. Others use 5ks as their standard run. If you are new to the running world and are planning for a 5km run, start your prep with a schedule for training. It is imperative to not over train. There is a truism in endurance sports that says it is "better to be 10 percent under trained than one percent over trained". This is because the body is fatigued when over trained -- something to avoid in your 5k planning.
The 400-meter dash is an event that tasks both your endurance and speed. To compete successfully, you must balance both of these at the extremes of your ability. The proper training for the event focuses on speed and endurance in equal measures. Additionally, it is crucial to eat properly during the training period so that your energy levels are attenuated to the amount of food you are ingesting.
The 400 meter dash is one of the most grueling sprint events that can be run. Even calling it a sprint brings into question how it should be run. At only one-quarter of a mile, it is too short to be considered a long distance event. Yet, at over 300 meters it pushes the boundaries of what is generally considered a sprint. There is no right or wrong way to run a 400 meter dash and each athlete will have to discover his own pace. The important thing is to develop a race plan and stick to it.
Though the facilities used in discus competition appear to be simple, just a painted circle or metal ring on the ground, they have rigid specifications. The measurements of the discus circle -- diameter, radius, thickness of the ring and the sector lines, must be accurate for competition. It is not just a circle in which an athlete throws the discus. It is essential that these specifications be exact, so that a competitor can compete on identical facilities, no matter the venue.
Whether running a 5k or marathon, chances are that a race bib is one of the necessities required to compete. The bib displays the number that allows race organizers to identify racers and track their progress. Without the race bib, confusion may distract from the race experience. To prevent this problem, competitors must attach the race bib correctly.
Track spikes, shoes with removable spikes, are used for most track events as well as some cross-country races. The removable spikes are called pins and are usually made of metal or steel. The pins grip the surface of the track, providing better traction than traditional running shoes and improving the runner's speed. Track spikes that are well cared for should last through two or three racing seasons. Caring for your spikes involves keeping both the shoe itself and the pins well maintained, clean and ready for racing.
The sport of javelin throwing has changed greatly from its beginnings in ancient Greece. Having evolved from throwing a spear at a small, moving target in battle, the goal now is to throw the javelin as far as possible into a defined area on the field. Once the athlete is comfortable with the technique of launching the javelin, learning how to aim one is needed to take advantage of the aerodynamic design of the shaft.
The word Fartlek derives from the Swedish for "speed play." Developed in the 1930s, Fartlek training involves running at varying paces over set distances or for set times and was designed to target both the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems. Since its creation, Fartlek training has been modified to suit different endurance and middle-distance runners.
Javelin is an Olympic field event. The javelin itself is a spear-like object, tipped at one end to increase aerodynamics and pierce the ground upon impact. Size and weights vary depending on age and gender. The majority of javelins have a metal tip, but a variety of materials are used to construct the shaft.
The standing broad jump is a test that evaluates the power of an athlete's legs. Unlike the long jump that also indicates the speed of an athlete, the standing broad jump only measures the explosiveness of the athlete. The athlete stands behind a line with his or her legs parallel, and jumps off both feet as far in front of the line as possible. The concept is simple, but there are techniques that add distance to the athlete's measurement.
The 200-meter race, a demanding competition, requires an equal amount of strategy, technique and speed. Many 100- and 400-meter sprinters compete in the 200, so you will often face a diverse field of runners. You must not only prepare physically for the race, but also know in advance how you are going to run it, and then execute your plan. The right preparation can mean the difference between finishing first and finishing last.
Pole vaulting requires a combination of strength, speed and agility. While male pole vaulters reach higher vaults than women, they both use similar techniques. Successful female pole vaulters spend hundreds of hours practicing the various aspects of pole vaulting, from the grip of the pole to the position of the body during the launch.
Hurdling requires speed, strength, flexibility and endurance. Upper body strength is needed to pump the arms and propel the body over the hurdles. Lower body strength is crucial to gaining speed and the power needed to clear the hurdles. Flexibility allows the legs to clear the hurdle and resume running as quickly as possible. Weight training improves strength and explosive power. Doing "plyometric" and stretching exercises improves flexibility. Sprint training, such as running up hill, or with a weight vest on, improves speed and endurance. However, developing good technique is the key to getting good at hurdling.
The 40-yard dash is a sprinting event used by recruiters or scouts to evaluate the speed of football players. Improve your "40" speed on the track by practicing various sprint techniques to increase explosive power. The best techniques to influence speed and timing include stance, flexibility and vertical jump.
The long jump has been a storied event ever since Jesse Owens took off during the Berlin Olympic Games of 1936. There are four phases to completing the long jump: the approach run, the jump, flying through the air and landing. To get the most distance from your jump, speed, strength and technique are important. By working on these skills you will improve your long jump.
Increasing your track speed in the 110-meter hurdles requires refining your technique, increasing the body's flexibility, strengthening your mid-section and perfecting your start. It also takes power, endurance and speed to perform efficiently. It takes power to perform the technique properly, endurance to run the event efficiently, and speed to succeed. A hurdler must spend equal amounts of time practicing each component and not just focus on getting faster to increase speed in the event. Although speed is a major component of hurdling, it won't alone determine who wins. However, following a training regimen to increase speed by will improve…
The ancient Olympic games began in Greece in 776 BC, and have been very popular since the inception of the modern Olympics in 1896 and are considered to be the biggest draw. Little wonder then, that it is the track and field contests that see the most intense and powerful performances, the most excitement and the biggest stars.
Hurdling combines many different motions, making training for it more complicated than practicing for a sprint. In addition to working on your running speed, also emphasize strength training to become a faster hurdler. Actual technique for clearing hurdles cleanly requires special emphasis as well. A hurdler who is strong, fast and has flawless technique has the tools to compete at an exceptionally high level.
Although runners need a variety of foods to perform at their very best, foods that are rich in carbohydrates provide the most immediate fuel source for athletes. According to Colorado State University, consuming carbohydrates constantly can retrain your body to burn carbohydrates instead of fat deposits. If eating right before running, be sure to keep your meal light to prevent any problems with digestion.
Track and field sports originated with the Olympic Games of ancient Greece and today include sprint, hurdle and relay races. No matter what the reason for running track in the eighth grade --- to get and stay fit, meet personal goals, develop lasting friendships or become a high-school track star --- following age-specific guidelines helps turn an average runner into a formidable competitor.
Shot put is a long-standing track and field event that involves throwing a heavy metal ball as far as possible. It is an event that has been around for more than 2000 years. One of the first mentions of the shot put took the form of rock throwing competitions by soldiers during the Seige of Troy.
The Asics 2100-series are running shoes intended for middle-to-high-distance runners. The shoes are constructed for normal arched runners that require moderate pronation stability. According to Asics, the series provides the perfect blend of support, comfort and cushion for runners.
The 400-meter dash is the longest of the sprints. You must improve both your speed and your endurance to better your time in the 400, striking a balance between the two that is not required in other distances.
Knowing how to tryout for a track team can make the difference between becoming an athlete and watching from the sideline. As in each sport, you must try out before you are given a spot to compete. Track requires you to train even before the first tryout meeting; without training, you can become dehydrated and ultimately may not be asked to join the team. If you are a natural runner, joining a track team can help you obtain a college scholarship or a ticket to compete in the Olympics.
The sport of track and field consists of running, jumping and throwing events, several of which trace their origins as far back as the ancient Greek Olympics, including the discus and javelin. In modern competition, track and field contains four throwing and four jumping events, with a division for men and women in each event.
Many runners suffer setbacks early in their careers since they develop bad habits when they learn how to run. While almost anyone capable of walking can also run, learning proper form takes concentration, repetition as well as endurance. By learning proper form early, children can avoid injuries and can increase their performance on the track. This can help keep kids running through adulthood, which could also reinforce healthy habits. By running with the correct posture and movements, young runners can excel not only in running, but in other sports that involve running as well.
Javelin is a track and field event in which the competitor throws a long metal object, approximately 2.5 meters in length and in the shape of a spear, the furthest distance possible. A run up is used to build momentum in order to propel the javelin farther. Javelin is a recognized Olympic event, with Andreas Thorkildsen of Norway currently holding the record with a long throw of 90.57 meters during the 2008 Olympic Games.
The dimensions of a running track may have variances depending on the venue's layout. Typically, an oval running track is a multi-sport arena with dimensions that adhere to the requirements of other sports. However, for elite and worldwide competitions, the International Association of Athletics Federations sets the manual for all track-and-field events. A standard running oval track includes at least four lanes and safety zones.
The discus throw is a track and field event where a disc is launched from a ring into a defined sector, in an attempt to complete the farthest throw. The weight of the discus varies according to the level of competition, but generally weighs between 1 kg and 2 kg. The throwing process is a progression of motions and techniques that culminate in a momentum-based release. Unlike other throwing competitions, the discus throw is more about technique and form than brute strength.
Improving your times and your long jumping lengths are products of three training factors: practice, technique and strength. Practice creates muscle memory and develops endurance. Endurance is as critical for sprinters as it is for endurance runners. Technique improves acceleration and balance, both critical for success sprinting and long jumping. Strength determines the maximum potential of an athlete.
Track and field events create drama and excitement in different ways. Sometimes, it's the competition between determined individuals who were the leading runners of their generation -- Sebastian Coe and Steve Ovett in the 800 meters during the 1970s, or Haile Gebrselassie and Paul Tergat in the 10,000 meters during the late 1990s. It could be the sheer technical brilliance of a field event competitor -- Dick Fosbury with the Fosbury Flop that transformed the high jump -- or Bob Beamon putting the world long jump record beyond reach for more than 20 years. Excitement takes many forms as Sebastian…
Wearing running shoes with spikes helps to minimize slipping, maximize traction and increase speed. You can run without spikes, but you may not get the consistency and speed that you would get with them. There are a handful of different types of spikes on the market, including Christmas tree spikes. The special design of these spikes helps to implement the reactionary force of the track along with the runner's own potential.
Track and field is a challenging and rewarding sport. Making the team takes heart and dedication. The first step to prepare for track tryouts is to begin stretching, walking, jogging and running. Walking prepares the body for the rigorous training. Jogging and running helps the mind, body and lungs to get used to the physical demands of the sport. One month before track tryouts is a perfect time to begin training the body. Working out at least once a day for two to four hours can help a runner to increase his chances of making the track team.
The javelin throw has been a sport since as early as ancient Greece, when it was included in the original Olympic games. Originally, javelins were made of olive wood and had a thong attached to one end to increase distance. Modern javelins are made from lightweight metal with no thong, but have been designed to fly as far as possible. Regardless of how the javelin is made, throwing it requires the same technique. With time, practice and patience, javelin throwing distance can increase substantially.
Track runners use math in their racing and training programs. Track running is a competitive sport. The emphasis for the track runner is on performance, and math plays an important part in determining performance levels. For elite athletes, where fractions of a second matter, the math in sports science can be vital to success.
A 3,200-meter or two-mile run is a common distance in high school track and field programs. Training runs at this distance also prove useful for individuals who run for exercise and participate in other race distances, including 5,000 meters and half-marathons. Because eight laps around a standard track is the equivalent of 3,200 meters, your local high school or community track makes an ideal place to master 2-mile runs. Whether you're new to running or working on your speed for race day, track running simplifies training for the 3,200-meter distance.