State standardized assessments often include reading assessment as an essential component. Educators may also impose reading assessments as a means of testing student's reading comprehension and skills. To help young students succeed at reading assessments, it is essential to teach them effective study methods. Teach kids diverse study methods for reading assessment to improve their abilities in note taking, comprehension, reflection and collaborative studying.
A strong reader utilizes both comprehension skills and interpretive skills when analyzing a new written work. While reading comprehension skills allow a reader to understand a written work, interpretive assessments question a work further by discerning the author’s intentions. Understanding the differences between the two assessment techniques helps you understand the expectations for each.
Kindergarten is not all play. It’s the time that children are taught to recognize letters, read small words and count. They start by learning the letters of the alphabet. The first word that a child usually learns how to write is his name. First grade teachers expect either the parents or the kindergarten teacher to have taught the student basic phonetics. Kindergarten teachers teach in the transitional stage from pre-k to the first grade classroom in which they will be learning for the majority of the day instead of playing.
Intuition is a type of knowledge that people sense. Rather than being based on hard facts, intuition is founded in a gut feeling or a strong belief that can sway people to make decisions or even influence the relationships they form. Having high intuition takes that gut feeling a step further by categorizing it as a sense of something mystical that is beyond cognition.
Active readers engage the text with questions as they read, seeking specific information or challenging and testing the writer's assertions. There are a variety of methods you can use to help your students develop into active readers by teaching them reading strategies that will keep them grappling with the text, not just getting through it.
There are many ways to use novels in a 4th grade classroom. Like any worthwhile academic experience, time and preparation are essential. The novel should be age- and level-appropriate with regard to lexile levels, themes and content. After you find the right book, let your "salesman" skills kick in --- demonstrate your excitement and promote the novel to your students. Building enthusiasm and interest lures students into reading a novel, thereby making the novel experience rewarding and successful.
Informal Reading Inventories, known as IRIs, are criterion-referenced reading assessments designed to help teachers, tutors or mentors understand a student's strengths and weaknesses in reading skills. IRIs typically begin with a graded word list that requires the student to read common words in isolation. The second portion of the test requires the student to read passages orally, silently or both and then respond to comprehension questions. Informal Reading Inventories are available commercially or can be designed by teachers. They are inexpensive and easily-administered instruments useful in a variety of settings.
Learning to read is a process of movement through each of the five stages of reading development that you cannot do hastily. The stages are important for understanding written English and learners must master them. Reading is a process of language development, communication, acquiring and sharing of ideas or information, and the mastery of plain cognitive processes.
First grade is time where the novice reader fine tunes and masters reading or gets left behind. The argument between how to teach reading has been constant with oscillation between two overarching theories the top-down (phonics) and bottom-up (whole language) approach. Within each theory are a variety of reading theories that are employed in a first-grade classroom. Parents often choose a program based on whether or not the teacher emphasizes whole language or phonics. Yet, most educators today agree that one is not necessarily better than the other. Both theories have their place in reading instruction, so teachers attempt to…
When children begin reading, assessing their performance is key in determining their abilities. Through assessments, educators can determine how children's reading skills are developing, allowing them to offer supplemental lessons if needed. When assessing children's reading skills, fluency, decoding and comprehension skills should all be monitored, as these components are critical for effective reading. Using a combination of techniques is necessary to effectively assess these skills.
The MetaMetrics "Lexile Framework for Reading" is one of the best known methods of measuring text complexity and monitoring a student's reading ability. The new "Common Core [Educational] Standards" being adopted across the country call for a sweeping increase in text complexity, so understanding how to calculate the Lexile level of a text or the Lexile reading range appropriate for a child is becoming more important than ever. Parents, teachers and students alike can benefit from the use of Lexile calculator tools.
Easy Grade Pro is a suite of software programs that allows educators to keep track of student grades, attendance and other student record information. Easy Grade Pro also provides educators with the means to adjust this information in a number of ways. For example, a teacher may wish to drop the lowest assignment or test grade from a student's final grade calculation. Easy Grade Pro provides the means to do this in a few short steps.
Assessments allow teachers to see how well their students are comprehending information presented in class. To serve this purpose, assessments must be properly graded and the scores taken into consideration when planning future lessons or projects. The way in which you do this depends, at least in part, upon the types of questions found on the assessment. To ensure that these scores are useful to you, make scoring your assessment properly of paramount importance.
Young children get ready to learn about reading well before they start formal schooling. Preschool and kindergarten teachers, as well as parents, can assess early literacy skills to pinpoint a child's strengths and weaknesses for instructional focus. It is important that children have a solid foundation so they can benefit from reading instruction in more formal settings.
Your Lexile score, or Lexile reader measure, provides information about your reading ability. These scores consist of a number followed by "L" and range from 0L (beginning readers) to over 1700L (advanced readers). Written texts also have Lexile measures that indicate how difficult they are to comprehend. Unfortunately, there is not a single test that measures Lexile scores. Instead, the scores are derived from other types of standardized tests and programs.
Transition assessment, as defined by the Division on Career Development and Transition (DCDT), is the process of collecting data of a person's interests, needs and strengths and aligning the data with future career planning. Transition assessment occurs primarily in kindergarten through 12th grade. Transition assessment involves many individuals in a student's life like counselors, job coaches, co-workers and the students themselves. Many methods and tools exist for transition assessment.
In-basket activities help develop problem solving, constructive reasoning, analytical thinking and communication skills for college-level students. This type of project-based instruction presents opportunities for students to solve problems based upon what might be encountered in an "in-basket" upon arrival at work. While the activity can be presented while instructing within any professional field, it is particularly helpful for developing educators or administrators charged with student assessment and achievement.
Kindergarten students are not yet sufficiently literate for traditional assessments, so teachers must use interactive, auditory test methods rather than simply administering written tests. Literacy standards vary from state to state, and each state has its own kindergarten assessment packet, which walks teachers through the process. Teachers should follow the instructions in their packets, and tally the students' correct and incorrect answers on the forms provided; they can analyze the students' successes and errors later to determine where to focus classroom time and attention.
Lexile is an organization that rates the reading ability of students. Ratings range from 0 to 1700 based on the reading ability of the child. A 0L level is a beginning reader, or pre-reader while a 1700L is an advanced reader. Students in 20 states are tested for Lexile level through standardized testing. Other students' Lexile levels must be determined by examining the Lexile levels of the books they read, which can be found on the Lexile website.
Lexile levels are a method of rating the reading difficulty of a book. It does not rate the content or interest level--a factor of which teachers and parents need to be aware when selecting books for younger students with a high reading level. The book level that a student is able to read, comprehend and retain is an indicator of the student's reading ability. The lexile rating system is flexible and is not tied to grade levels.
The ability to read independently is one of the most important skills for a student to learn. But if you ask a student to read a book beyond her reading level, you set her up for frustration and failure -- and too much failure will turn a learner off from reading, crippling her lifelong learning potential. Set up your student for success through using Lexile scores, a framework for determining a text's difficulty for any reader.
In the United States, the achievement test is a pivotal challenge students must often master to move on to bigger and better things in life. Students of all grade levels and ages face this obstacle, with the importance of achieving a high score increasing exponentially as they get older. Whether one is faced with a standardized achievement test such as the ACT, which originally stood for American College Testing, or the SAT, which originally stood for Scholastic Aptitude Test, or a locally created achievement test such as one developed by an individual teacher or institution, these achievement tests are forever…
Informal classroom assessment identifies a student's progress, knowledge, performance and achievements through non-standardized procedures. These procedures can include essays, presentations, homework and experiments. Teachers can also simply observe or interview the students. This assessment is used to link students' learning with teaching style. Checklists are used to measure students' progress.
Students who are taking a college curriculum are tested after taking study courses. Posttesting determines what knowledge they acquired and how much of an effect the teaching has had on them compared with when they first started the course. (See Reference 2, page 1, paragraph 1.) The data gained from posttesting allow for statistical reports to be created.
The Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) is primarily used by classroom teachers to determine reading levels and progress in kindergarten through eighth-grade students. Teachers observe, document and plan instruction according to students' reading performance during a DRA. Teachers can provide appropriate reading material for each student by determining at what level a child can read with success independently.
Reading assessment tests are given to children from the ages of 5 to 12 years to help school faculty with grade placement, identification of students who may require extra help and provision of help for teachers and parents to improve literacy in their students and children. These tests contain various subjects that test literacy skills and they vary in difficulty, based on the age of the child taking the examination. The results of this examination are then given in graph form. A narrative analysis of the reading assessment interprets the data provided in the graphs and provides suggestions for improving…
Teachers have the difficult task of relaying material to many students at the same time while monitoring each individual student's progress. Not every person learns the same way or at the same pace. Unfortunately, a teacher can't stop the entire class to wait for just a few people to catch up. Without proper comprehension assessment tools, some students will get lost in the crowd.
At the fourth-grade level, students should be able to read passages and answer comprehension questions, as well as use prior reading skills to understand the text. Fourth-graders should be able to write using topic sentences and cohesion, use grammar and parts of speech effectively and notice errors. Specific standards vary by state, but similar assessment measures can be used to see how students are progressing.
Formative assessment covers the range of informal diagnostic tests a teacher can use to assist the process of learning by his students. Prescriptive but ungraded feedback enables students to reflect on what they are learning and why. The goal is to improve performance and achieve successful outcomes. Robert Stake, Director of the Center for Instructional Research and Curriculum Evaluation, likens formative assessment to a cook tasting a soup before serving it to a guest. But despite its advantages, formative assessment can be time-consuming, and incentives in the school system tend to favor more objective assessments.
The use of multiple assessment in middle school affects instructional programs and overall school progress positively. From district adminstration to classroom teachers, the use of data drives decision-making. Data informs decisions involving new programs, staff training and students' special placements. Using multiple assessment tools also increases the reliability of results; students demonstrate what they know in a variety of ways overtime. Many districts require schools to follow an assessment program schedule in addition to required state testing, which ensures the use of multiple assessment data for evaluating students' progress and, at the district level, evaluating programs and whole school progress.
Reading is an essential life skill. It begins being taught at a very young age, and quickly becomes beneficial both for educational and general life purposes. As a parent, it is natural to worry about how your child is developing these skills, and whether the school is doing all it can to support your child. If you begin to question your child's ability to read, it is worthwhile to approach their teacher in a respectful, productive way, so your concerns are addressed.
Whether you're currently in school or you're trying to teach yourself a new skill, personal learning tools are invaluable to the process. Long ago, personal learning tools may have simply consisted of a textbook and a pen. While these tools are still with us, there are now many different types that you can choose from. Though each tool has positive and negative aspects, choosing the ones that best fit your learning style can make learning more effective and fun for you.
Whether measuring the speed of a car or the length of a certain area, you need particular measuring tools to get a precise measurement. The most commonly used measuring tool is a weight scale, which displays a person's individual weight. However, you can find measuring tools practical everywhere you go from watches, automobiles, schools and homes.
Assessments in education are intended to provide information regarding students' progress in the learning process. Identification of strengths and weaknesses assist educators in focusing on students' needs. Assessments are also used to identify specific areas where students may need additional support or servicing. These assessments might evaluate students for a developmental disability or special classes. The more information gathered regarding students' progress in learning, the more tailored lessons and special services can be to meet students' academic needs.
Reading may be the most important skill children learn in elementary school. In first grade, they begin to read more complex sentences and books. There are certain benchmarks, such as enhanced comprehension, the ability to ask questions and recognizing literary elements, that first-grade students should meet as they further develop their reading skills.
Each state has various formal reading tests a student will have to take, usually in the elementary and middle school grades. While students groan at the thought of having to take a test, they serve the purpose of evaluating the students and, sometimes, guiding the educator with the types of material to focus one. There are also disadvantages associated with the administration of these formal tests, however.
A Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) is used by educators to track the reading abilities of primary students over a period of time. A DRA helps teachers assess a student's reading level, particularly in the areas of accuracy, fluency and comprehension. Results from a DRA identify the individual strengths and weakness of students and help the teacher provide appropriate reading material for students. To help monitor reading growth over time, classroom teachers are responsible for administering and scoring the DRA.
Preschool reading assessments have to do with vocabulary understanding as well as acknowledgment of sounds many preschoolers cannot yet read. Visual assessments are also used to identify letters and words attached to particular pictures. These assessments allow teachers to know where a preschooler is in the learning process before starting to work with the student on reading skills.
Response to Intervention or RTI is an approach to skills remediation that targets students at multiple levels. Tier one involves direct reading instruction in the general education class. Tier two instruction requires systematic small-group reading instruction for students who score low on screenings. Tier three intervention consists of daily, intensive reading instruction for students who do not respond to Tier two intervention. The Florida Center for Reading Research has recommended several programs for Tier three intervention.
Informal reading assessments generally take place in the natural learning environment of the classroom. Types of informal reading assessments include: checklists, running records, observations, work samples, portfolios, rating scales and parent interviews. Informal assessments are useful because they provide information about how children apply reading on a daily basis. However, there are some drawbacks to using informal tests.
The assessment process attempts to find out what people learn and how they learn. The research process helps educators determine the information that students find helpful in putting together a paper or project, as well as the process they go through to gather that information. Because assessment tools vary, most educators use a variety of tools to get the best results.
Multiple methods exist to find an individual's learning needs. Teachers determine student weaknesses through classroom exams and quarterly grades. However, a more research-based approach to determining academic needs can be accomplished through a psycho-educational evaluation. This most often includes intellectual and achievement assessments. The intellectual test provides information on an individual's overall thinking and reasoning abilities, whereas the achievement battery assesses academic areas. To establish learning disabilities (needs), discrepancies between ability (IQ) and achievement are measured.
When assessing a young learner's reading skills, it's particularly important for educators to develop thorough reading-improvement plans. This means linking assessment with learning and ensuring those plans are clearly communicated to both the student and the parents. It is recommended that educators present this information both in a written report, as well in a personal meeting with the student's parents.
The assessment process attempts to discover what and how students learn throughout a course or over a period of time in education. Teachers also use assessments to learn how to become better teachers and discover what concepts and procedures students struggle with through the learning process. Many educators prefer to use several assessment tools to obtain varied results.
Assessment takes two forms: formative and summative. Formative assessment occurs in the middle of a lesson or unit and it allows teachers to gauge what information they have successfully imparted thus far in the lesson. Summative assessment occurs at the end of a lesson or unit and allows teachers to gauge how much of a lesson or unit has been successfully imparted over the course of the unit. Teachers use formative assessment to tweak upcoming unit plans, while they use summative assessment to evaluate the overall success of the students over the course of a unit.
Pearson is a publishing company that specializes in textbooks for elementary through college subjects. A prolific textbook publisher based in the United States, Pearson sells to schools, home-school teachers and college students. Addison-Wesley, Allen & Bacon, Benjamin Cummings, Longman and Prentice Hall are some of its better-known publishing brands. Individuals can order higher education textbooks from Pearson through their website, but many elementary through high school textbooks require the buyer to be a registered school or home-school parent.
Learning to read is arguably the most important skill taught in elementary school. Some characteristics of effective reading are fluency, comprehension and retelling. When teaching a child to read, it is important to frequently assess his progress. Assessing reading is a combination of subjective and objective measures. Although reading assessments can sometimes be difficult to administer, especially to younger children, it is an important part of understanding a child's language acquisition needs and development.
Increase your chances of bringing your child to the head of the class before she ever enters school by teaching her reading basics. She may have an easier time adjusting to school if she recognizes some of the material that is presented. Before you attempt to get your child to read, teach her the basics, such as the alphabet and pronunciation. Work with your child for a few minutes each day to create a routine.
The pre-reading stage of reading development is also called reading readiness or emergent literacy. Children begin to acquire literacy skills long before formal schooling begins. From birth, infants begin to develop language skills. These language skills are the foundation for later literacy development.
Having a number that corresponds a child's reading level to a book helps a child enjoy reading more. After testing at school to determine a child's Lexile or Advanced Reading level, this number helps a child, parent or teacher choose books that encourage reading independently. A caregiver knows by the Lexile or AR level if a child needs help reading, if a book is just right or if the child can easily read it by himself. If you are unsure of a book's reading level you can find the Lexile or AR number online.
In the third grade, many students receive their first introduction to major topics in science, including the orbiting of the planets, the movement of celestial bodies through the sky, the needs of living things, the interactions between living and nonliving things and the concepts of gravity, force and heat. You should regularly test your students' grasp of these topics, since you are laying a foundation for future science courses, through tests, quizzes and projects. As an everyday assessment tool, though, interact with your students and play games or ask them review questions, to assess their learning in a non-intimidating and…
Kindergarten readiness is more than just knowing the alphabet and counting to 10. While most parents focus on academics, social and behavioral skills often are a better indicator of whether your child is ready for school. Working with your child on skills such as listening and sharing will help prepare her for kindergarten and ease her transition.
It is challenging to teach children to read and requires knowledge of effective practices. There are five components of reading: phonemic awareness, the knowledge and manipulation of sounds in spoken words; phonics, the relationship between written and spoken letters and sounds; fluency, the ability to read with accuracy, appropriate rate, expression and phrasing; vocabulary, knowledge of word definitions and their context; reading comprehension, understanding the meaning in text. Teachers who have a thorough understanding of these components are well prepared to teach children to read.
Teachers at all levels need to measure how well their students are learning. Traditionally, formal tests and written examinations were the only forms of assessment used to determine students' grades and reflect their knowledge and understanding of the material that was taught. Informal methods of assessment, such as checklists and observation of daily work, have become increasingly popular but have not replaced formal assessment.
Lexile levels indicate a book's readability. They are calculated by a program called MetaMetrics which uses a formula based on sentence length and word frequency. Students who take standardized reading tests are assigned a Lexile score based on their reading ability. Students are advised to read books rated between 100 Lexiles below and 50 Lexiles above the score. Students within each grade level often share a similar Lexile range. Therefore, knowing the Lexile level of textbooks helps teachers choose the most appropriate reading material for their classes. There are a few approaches for determining a textbook's Lexile score.
The Developmental Reading Assessment, or DRA, is a tool used to assess literacy skills. Recently updated, the latest version is the DRA 2 and the K-3 kit includes text levels A-40. Levels 28 and higher require students to complete a written response. The oral reading is timed for levels 14 and higher. Texts provided in the kit are narrative stories, except for levels 16, 28, 38 and 40, which have an informational text in addition to the narrative.
The primary skills that are the focus of first grade reading instruction give students the foundation needed to increase reading skills in upper grade levels. First graders learn to use strategies to decode words, develop understanding of story lines, learn the parts of a story and increase reading fluency.
In Virginia, the Standards of Learning (SOL) assessment tests have been used to measure children's proficiency in English, mathematics, reading, science and history/social science since 2000. The 35 to 50 items on each test (600 total) measure content knowledge, scientific and mathematical processes, and reasoning and critical thinking skills. A two-part assessment that includes multiple-choice questions and a short essay is utilized to assess writing skills. All tests are administered in English, with other provisions available for students with disabilities or limited English-language proficiency. Parents receive scores and guidelines for interpreting them. But how exactly are the SOL scored?
Reading assessments help identify struggling students in need of additional instruction. They are used to determine if the instructional methods are appropriate for the entire group of students or only a portion of them and to monitor student growth.
The Developmental Reading Assessment, or DRA, is a tool used by educational systems to evaluate a child's reading and comprehension level. Reading material is matched with the child's ability to read and is especially targeted to challenge the student to develop and progress the more they read. There are many intervention and assessment programs and strategies available. Intervention specialists and teachers must choose the right tools for each individual child and then evaluate how well that tool is working.
Throughout their scholastic careers, students undergo assessments in order for schools to evaluate and understand their academic progress. Many forms of assessments exist. They range from complex psycho-educational analyses to simple, formative assessments given in the classroom. Students can be evaluated as a group, such as with the SATs, or individually, such as with intellectual scales. There are multiple aspects to consider when deciding which educational test is appropriate to use. Teachers and administrators need to examine criteria in order to select the most suitable evaluation tool.
Reading assessment, as the name implies, is the evaluation of a student to determine his progress in all areas of reading. Assessment occurs in many forms and is most effective when implemented as part of the instructional process. A thorough assessment will answer the following questions: (1) At what level is the child reading? (2) What reading interests does the child possess? (3) What is the child's attitude toward reading? (4) What reading strengths and abilities does the child possess? Once each of these questions is answered, the teacher can tailor her instruction to focus on the student's weak areas.
Visual and auditory learning styles help classify those who learn predominantly through seeing and those who learn through hearing. According to LDPride, "Knowing your learning style will help you develop coping strategies to compensate for your weaknesses and capitalize on your strengths." As a teacher, running assessments allows you to determine the type of learning style in which a student fits, and you can tailor your classes accordingly.
The Developmental Reading Assessment, or DRA, is a set of individually administered reading assessments for children in kindergarten through grade eight. According to Natalie Rathvon, Ph.D., the purpose of the DRA is to identify students' independent reading level, fluency and comprehension. Educators use these assessments to identify students' reading strengths and weaknesses and to monitor reading growth. The classroom teacher administers, scores and interprets the DRA.
Building critical thinking skills in writing is important for middle and high school students because this will prepare them for more advanced college English courses, and it will teach them how to use their creativity and research to produce well-organized documents in their future careers. When assessing students' writing skills, you want to look at how well they organize their thoughts, what weaknesses they have and the originality of their writing.
Astrology is a belief system based on the idea that the positions of sun, stars and planets have an effect on a person's destiny, personality and other earthly matters. Believers say that the alignment of the stars and planets on the day you were born, for example, help determine characteristics such as aggressiveness, neatness, thoughtfulness and imagination. The signs of the zodiac, as well as astrology associated with other cultures, such as China, can be great stepping-off points for classroom activities and lessons for students at all grade levels.
Assessment tools help score student understanding. Determining the ideal assessment tool to use largely depends on what needs to be tested. Using a variety of assessment tools in the classroom can create a more rounded view of students. Though assessment is necessary for learning, it doesn't have to be boring or stressful for students.
As students move through school, they should continually progress and understand grade-level material. Many middle school teachers put time and effort into ensuring that their students progress, and to monitor this progression, they use monitoring tools. Through the use of these tools, teachers can effectively see how well their students are advancing in their understanding, and ensure that everything they are doing is proving beneficial to their pupils.
It's encouraging if you're a parent or teacher and your children or students are reading. However, just reading isn't enough. A person must understand what they are reading, make predictions about what might come next and answer questions about the reading. Reading comprehension is the foundation of all subjects and can be built with the use of various practices.
Arguably one of the most important skills a person can and should develop in her lifetime, writing is an immensely difficult ability to assess and develop. In early childhood, writing problems tend to center on motor skills. As children move into fourth, fifth and sixth grades, writing problems may show up during the act of composition. By its very nature, writing resists quantification, so assessing a child's writing ability is a challenging task for a teacher. Teachers may want to conduct assessments that take the form of critical and reflective discussions with individual students about their writing.
The Degrees of Reading Power test, or DRP, indicates a student's ability to understand text. It is administered between grades three and eight, though tests are available for students of all ages. The results are then used to determine appropriate books, teacher effectiveness, and points of concern for developing readers. Test scores are derived from a multiple-choice standardized test, and possible scores range from 0 to 99, though the highest possible score varies slightly by grade level.
Students who struggle with reading and comprehending grade-level materials have difficulty, not just in English and Language Arts classes, but in all content areas. Reading is an integral part of learning. Teaching students strategies for both reading assigned materials, and better understanding what they read can lead to increased academic success overall.
According to the Highland Schools website, diagnostic assessments are used to determine how well students are learning in addition to the effectiveness of the curriculum. The assessments are meant to show both strengths and weaknesses so that the necessary adjustments can be made and learning can be improved. There are a series of diagnostic literary assessments that can be used at any grade level.
A variety of assessment tools are available to test children's early reading skills. Each test varies slightly and focuses on different results. Before you select an assessment tool, it is important to consider what your goal is for your pupils. Select a test that will assess the pupils in the areas you wish to focus upon. The assessments listed below are common resources used in many districts.
Teachers' assessment tools are an important part of judging the capabilities, progress and development of students. Assessment tools help teachers judge how much a student knows at the beginning of a school year, semester or subject. Assessment tools also help track progress and inform the teacher when the subject matter has been adequately learned by the students. Teachers' assessment tools come in various forms, including homework, tests, interviews, oral reports, papers and instructor observation. Teachers' assessment tools can be formative, summative, objective and subjective.
A medication aide -- better known as a pharmacy technician and also referred to as a medication technician -- primarily helps pharmacists to prepare prescription medications. They also handle duties such as receiving prescription requests, labeling pill bottles, answering phone calls and stocking medication. To this end, states like Ohio have technical schools that provide certificate and associate degree programs. Upon graduation, medication aides can expect to earn between $20,000 and $40,000 a year, according to a 2009 report by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Pearson is a leading publishing company offering a wide selection of school products, curriculums and assessments for students of all ages and teachers. Pearson has many brands of educational products to choose from in a variety of subjects. The company also supports several private non-profit organizations such as Jumpstart, a national early education group serving preschool children in low-income communities; the National Teachers Hall of Fame; and its own Pearson Foundation, which delivers books and offers literacy support to communities.
The faster you read, the more information you are able to comprehend in a given period of time. Accordingly, the speed of reading is an important factor in determining the ability of a person to process vast amounts of information quickly. In the information age, this ability can be an important variable in determining whether a person will make a successful career or will be a mediocre professional. There are two methods to measure how fast you read.
In today's society, education is always a popular topic of conversation. There is a constant push for higher standards and a need to remain competitive with other nations. Assessment is becoming more and more important as citizens demand accountability from teachers and proof that students are learning.
Children of the same age generally develop physically and intellectually along certain benchmarks or milestones, but they can progress at different rates in regards to school readiness, particularly in reading and writing. With enough of a foundation in place to tackle these new challenges, children will generally exhibit certain characteristics in common.
There are a variety of professional readability assessments that determine the reading level of a given text and match it to the reader's reading level. These assessments measure word frequency, concept load, syllable counts, lengths of sentences and other factors to determine reading level. They can be difficult for teachers, parents and even trained reading specialists to use. More direct approaches apply word recognition to a specific text to determine if it is appropriate for the individual learner's level.
"Lexile" is a trademarked product created by MetaMetrics, a private, educational measurement company. Lexile levels are specific reading levels matched with appropriate reading materials of the same approximate levels for students. These levels can range between 0L through 1700L. Lexile reading level determination is specific and individualized for each student. Books are also assigned Lexile levels, helping parents and teachers better match reading materials with the needs of the learner. Also, because student reading progress is so variable, Lexile levels more accurately grade a student's reading progress since the measure is broken into smaller increments than general grade level reading…
Understanding what one reads is essential for success in school and in work. Learning how to fully understand what one reads takes time and effort, but it can be accomplished through literary assessment tools. Literary assessment tools measure reading comprehension in qualitative ways that offer accurate reflections of what one really gleans when one reads. Literary assessment tools abound, but some tools are more valuable than others.
If a child is tired of reading books that are too easy or perhaps too difficult, then finding a book using her Lexile score can help eliminate that problem. State departments and test publishers create assessments that schools administer to obtain a child's Lexile level. This helps pair her with a book that is at an appropriate reading level. By taking some time to plug in information, the perfect books for a child's reading level appears. Read through the titles and see what books grab the attention of your child.
Teachers in the classroom today are constantly struggling to meet state and federal education standards, so having assessment tools to monitor student progress are essential. There are a variety of tools available, many of them web- or computer-based. The tools often require the input of data, and have the capability to chart and track a students' progress.
Although there are a variety of ways to test a child's reading age, one of the most commonly used methods is to ask your child to read from a list of increasingly difficult words until she is unable to correctly pronounce several words in a row. While this does provide a reliable indication of a child's ability to sound out and read words, it has the disadvantage of not accounting for comprehension. By familiarizing yourself with several ways of assessing reading level, you will be able to gauge your child's comprehensive reading ability.
Implementation of the Texas Reading First Program focuses on Kindergarten through fifth grade. It is a specific process that must be followed closely in order to draw continued funds. Funds are administered over a three-year period that allows for gradual development. The first year builds a foundation of readers, the second year uses a core reading program, and the third year uses data-driven instruction to continue with high-level and on-going implementation. It must include explicit and systematic instruction in particular pieces of reading instruction, or The Big Five: phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension.
Reading makes learning possible in school. The Ontario Ministry of Education states that reading "paves the way to success in school, which can build self-confidence and motivate your child to set high expectations for life." For preschoolers, mastering reading readiness skills can help them become good readers in kindergarten and elementary school. Preschoolers who have letter, word and book awareness will possess the right readiness skills for reading.
Assess 2 Learn, or A2L, was a formative assessment program made by Riverside Publishing Company, a division of Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Assess 2 Learn has been updated and renamed Assess 2 Know, or A2K.
Reading comprehension is a skill that all students need. According to Janice Light and David McNaughton of Pennsylvania State University, reading comprehension requires students to recognize written words; understand and relate the meaning of words and sentences; relate their prior knowledge to what they are reading and understand long texts. The importance of reading comprehension is clear, and there are many tools available to facilitate this comprehension.
Typically there are two ways of assessing early literacy. One can be called "traditional testing," which involves removing a child from the classroom setting to perform a test. An example of a traditional test might be a multiple choice test on a story they have just read. Another type of testing is called "authentic," which involves assessment by observing the child in everyday classroom activities. An example of authentic testing might involve noting the number of words a child uses when asking for a toy from another student.
Assessment tools and methods help teachers gauge the development and progress of their students. Assessment methods encompass the means by which a teacher wishes to assess students. Tools are the instruments for measurement for each method. Formal methods and tools include standardized tests and age-related developmental milestones. Informal methods and tools include use of flash cards and anecdotal records.
Assessment tools help teachers make important decisions about student instruction. Test results help identify student needs so learning strengths and weaknesses can be identified. Students are then ranked according to grade-level proficiency. Once a grade and learning needs are established, focused instructional strategy can be used to improve student performance. Along with good instruction, the right assessment tools can go a long way in contributing to increased student performance.
Assessment tools allow the individual administering the assessment to gather specific information about the student or patient. Assessments can be user generated, and thousands of assessment tools exist that people can use for certain purposes. Some assessment tools have a specific intent, such as the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), which many higher education institutions use to determine acceptance. Persons who will collect the information create other assessments, such as a teacher who creates a test to assess understanding on a particular subject.
Concepts of print, or how print functions within books, has much to do with a child's degree of early exposure to reading. Tools that evaluate concepts of print assume that the more exposure a child has to print early on, the easier his reading experiences will be as a beginning reader. This concept is as much about understanding as it is about the handling of books from front to back, flipping pages from left-to-right, previewing the cover, using pictures to draw in information, recognizing order and having an overall understanding of punctuation flow. Some popular assessment tools are used in…
The Developmental Reading Assessment, or DRA, is a standardized tool used by classroom teachers in grades K-8 to evaluate the independent reading level of their students. It helps teachers keep records of the progress students are making in the areas of reading comprehension, fluency and accuracy. The test is administered individually to each student by the classroom teacher. Some states require this assessment to be administered two to three times per year. When a teacher shares results of this assessment with parents it is important to understand the results, what they mean for their child at school and what parents…
A reading problem assessment is a way to determine issues that may be affecting a student's reading performance. Reading assessments are often cognitively based, which means they focus on issues beyond the mere ability to understand words. Since there are many possible factors that can affect a student's reading ability, a reading assessment should be determined on an individual basis and be delivered and analyzed by a qualified professional. School districts can provide reading assessment and assistance to any students who require it.
Assessing what a student knows is an important task for teachers so that they know what they need to teach and what skills students have already mastered. There are many forms of assessment, and in order accurately assess what a student knows, teachers must use different assessments for different skills. Teachers must make sure that when they assess a student, they are using a tool that measures the skill they are trying to assess.
Obtaining detailed information about each student's reading level and ability is crucial for reading teachers planning instruction. According to the Reading Rockets website, assessment is an important element of teaching and should be regularly implemented. There are a variety of reading assessments to choose from, depending on the information needed and the age of the students.
Early childhood teachers in grades K-2 are responsible for reading instruction and their students' ability to become proficient readers. Assessment is an integral part of any reading program. Teachers use test data along with their observations to determine if students are progressing in specific skills. Teachers can also identify areas that need remediation and become aware of learning disabilities that can be addressed before they become detrimental.
The Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) is a standardized test given to students from third grade through 11th grade in Florida. Students must pass the test in specific years in order to progress to the next grade level or, in some cases, in order to graduate from high school. The FCAT provides several different scores in the reported results, so it can be difficult to understand FCAT results unless you know what to look for.
Performance-based assessments have become a popular way for teachers to authentically determine their students' mastery of educational objectives. In order for performance-based assessments to be implemented correctly, teachers need to take time to develop a comprehensive method of evaluation. An effective way to both easily and successfully accomplish this task is to develop a rubric. A rubric is a set of scoring criteria that describes the indicators of different levels of success of the assessment. A rubric can be developed for any task in any subject at any grade level.
Most of the time, teachers are required to show how their lessons, activities and assessments align with current state standards. This alignment ensures that all children are receiving an appropriate and consistent education. In addition, assessing students based on content standards can help teachers and administrators identify a possible literacy problem.
For public, private and home school teachers, the educational publisher Pearson Education Inc. provides the DRA2 Reading Assessment, the second edition of the Developmental Reading Assessment. Available in print and online, the assessment measures reading skills for students in kindergarten through eighth grade. In the assessment, teachers find benchmark assessment books, blackline masters, student assessment folders, an organizer, training DVD, procedures overview card, clipboard and a word analysis kit for grades K -- 3.
Determining how well a child reads requires taking a comprehensive look at the child's reading level. A running record is one way this can be done with a great degree of accuracy. The Qualitative Reading Inventory-3 (QRI-3) provides reading materials and detailed instruction on how to assess a student's reading skills accurately. If this resource is not available, a simple running record can provide much of the information necessary to determine how well a child is reading.
Reading assessment is a tool that schools use to measure the reading and comprehension skills of students at various grade levels, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Generally, reading-assessment tests require students to read certain passages of text and then answer questions based on what they have just read.
There is no single way to judge a student's reading ability. States, school districts and individual teachers use many assessment tools to get a picture of student abilities and to plan for instruction. "Tool" is a better word than "test," because not all assessments are formal exams. Reading assessment tools include casual mini-conferences in which a student reads aloud to a teacher and, at the other extreme, standardized exams that critics refer to as "high stakes" tests.
Many school districts require teachers to integrate technology into the their lessons and classroom activities. Students are regularly required to complete assignments on the Internet. However, the Internet does not provide a form of evaluation for the teacher to use. The teacher is required to create an assessment to correctly gauge the students' understanding of concepts. Rubrics, research requirement worksheets, and checklists are effective assessment tools teachers can utilize because they can be easily adapted to many learning styles.
As children move through primary grades, they make impressive growth in reading development. Teachers assess their students' progress regularly to ensure that each pupil is making adequate progress toward the mastery of reading. This assessment is multi-faceted and requires teachers to use their knowledge of grade appropriate reading development to determine whether the child in question is moving toward reading success. By assessing regularly, teachers can identify and respond to potential reading problems before the issue becomes detrimental to the student.
With the national goal to have all students reading at grade level by the third grade, many teachers need small, informal assessments to see how students are faring in their reading skills instead of just using standardized testing. Many of these informal assessments only take a few minutes to complete, and teachers usually work with students one-on-one.
Elementary schools depend on assessments to gauge students' progress and drive classroom instruction. Reliable reading tests indicate areas of weakness teachers can address through small-group interventions. Most schools administer tests that target specific skills such as letter-naming, phoneme segmentation and oral reading. There are assessment programs that focus on these and other reading skills using tests that are administered individually so that valid results will be indicated for each child.
Authentic assessment--evaluating students' ability in real-world contexts--is a key term in the current methods and materials that ESOL teachers develop when looking at student progress. The wealth of authentic assessment materials includes newspapers, magazines, Internet web pages and blogs, and graphic novels or comic books. The materials adapt to the methodology, and teachers can use their expertise and imagination to create authentic assessment opportunities.
Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty usually associated with spelling and reading, and sometimes with numbers. Dyslexia may go unrecognized if it is not addressed in school. As a result, adults may grow up having trouble reading, writing and or figuring out math problems. It can also make it difficult for adults to attend college or train for a job. Adults should get tested if they believe they have dyslexia so that they can take steps to get help.
Preparing students for the state reading assessments can be challenging and exhausting for them. Not only do students have to be skilled readers to do well on the assessments, but they also have to know how to pace themselves, how to remain calm and how to block out distractions. Fortunately, you can help your students prepare for state reading assessments.
The Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) is an individual reading assessment used by teachers and reading specialists to identify a student's independent reading level. It can be used with students in kindergarten through eighth grade. The assessment provides information about the student's reading accuracy, fluency (speed or rate of reading) and comprehension. This information is used by teachers and parents when selecting books to ensure that students are reading material at an appropriate level. This information is helpful for all students but becomes particularly useful for students who are struggling with reading. The challenge for parents, students and teachers alike is…
Assessments are used to determine if students are performing up to grade level. For reading, states set standards and school districts implement curriculum designed to meet these standards. Students must be assessed to ensure that they meet milestones determined by state standards and progress at an appropriate pace.
Assessment in education is the process of observing and measuring learning. Teachers evaluate a student's level of achievement and skill for the purpose of supporting and improving student learning. For reading, which is part of a language arts program consisting of listening, speaking, media and technology literacy, teachers can use authentic assessments, performance assessments and portfolio assessments in addition to tests to evaluate student progress.
The Developmental Reading Assessment (D.R.A.) identifies the independent reading levels of students in kindergarten through eighth grade. The independent reading level is the level at which the student is able to read and comprehend text without assistance. Educators use the D.R.A. to determine each student's appropriate text difficulty level that challenges him enough to increase reading proficiency without being overwhelmingly difficult. Teachers administer the assessment in one-on-one conferences. The child reads a selected text out loud while the teacher tracks time and scores the child on accuracy of reading, comprehension, and fluency. The Developmental Reading Assessment carries a few challenges…
Some children have trouble with their reading skills no matter how old they are. Sometimes, after-school classes and tutoring is not enough. Children sometimes to have properly learn reading assessment. They teach on a different level than most schools do. The teacher or tutor should assess the child's current reading skills and decide how to further instruct them. After all, everyone learns differently. Parents can check out a few free reading assessment resources.
Assisting struggling readers with reading strategies is important work. Those responsible for teaching them need to have a firm foundation of working, practical knowledge about administering assessments and interpreting results. Knowing how curriculum works, how best practices are achieved, and how to effectively evaluate student strengths and needs can all be reflected in a practicum reading assessment portfolio.
Reading assessments provide valuable insight into the skills and needs of students. The use of assessments at an early age can identify potential reading problems to increase the chances of reading success down the road. Reading assessments also allow teachers to chart growth in students' reading skills and tailor reading instruction to the weaknesses of the students. Both informal and formal reading assessments give a well-rounded look at the reading abilities of the students.
Children learn the basic building blocks of reading before they enter kindergarten. Though a Pre-K student may not be able to read an entire story, he is capable of using reading skills. In order to encourage young children in their development of reading skills, teachers must first assess the reading skills of Pre-K students and then work to build upon those skills.
Visual and auditory processing challenges are often the root causes for many reading difficulties among struggling learners, both young and adult. Once detected and properly diagnosed, important strategies can be developed for overcoming them. Assessment tools developed specifically for detecting such reading challenges are thoughtfully administered using prepared checklists, inventories and response charts.
The Developmental Reading Assessment, or DRA, is a test that teachers administer individually to students to determine each student's reading level and fluency. The scores can be useful to teachers in determining how much students understand about reading and also for planning instruction. To prepare for administering this test, a teacher must familiarize herself with the test format and set aside time to work with her students.
Assessment and instruction go hand in hand. You cannot teach your students without assessing what they know, and continuing to assess what they have learned in your class. Assessment functions in a variety of ways when teaching any concept; when teaching beginning reading, it can be particularly useful for tracking student progress.
Reading assessment provides vital information to teachers and parents about a child's ability to perform many skills that are essential for judging proficiency and comprehenson. Teachers should use several assessment techniques, including informal observation and formal, standardized tests. If given frequently, these tests keep teachers updated about their students' current progress and help them diagnose potential reading difficulties that can be addressed immediately.
Assessing reading skills can get very repetitive. It can be boring and the students learn to dread having to be tested, especially if the students have reading difficulties. Finding new ways to assess student reading will help you in the long run. Paper and pencil tests are no longer the only way to assess student performance. This type of assessment is fine sometimes, but mixing up your assessment activities makes learning fun again. It can also relieve test anxiety many students experience.
The Dominie Reading Assessment is a portfolio of tests and tools that teachers can use to measure the reading and writing ability of children in kindergarten through third grade. It was developed by Dr. Diane DeFord at the University of South Carolina.
Reading assessments play a key role in identifying potential reading difficulties. They guide reading instruction and ensure students make sufficient progress in their reading skills. Choosing the best reading assessment for your needs takes some research and evaluation. A reading skills test that works well for one school might not give another school the information it needs about its students. The reading assessment needs for homeschooling families might vary from those needed by a school. Take stock of your needs for the best assessment option.
Nursing homes and hospitals require medication aides to assist in distributing and administering medications to patients. They ensure patients take the medication as prescribed at the correct time and monitor them for reactions to the drugs. With only short-term training required for profession, almost anyone can become a medication aide.
Paraprofessionals may modify resources by helping a student with language needs. For example, a paraprofessional who speaks a second language may translate test questions or homework questions into the student's primary language to help him or her understand the material more clearly. Or a paraprofessional may take his or her students to another room to read assessment questions aloud. Some students require read-alouds based on their IEP's, while others benefit from the security of having an adult read the questions on a test.
As students interact with reading curricula and activities, it's important to evaluate their progress from time to time. Teachers, parents and schools need to be sure that the programs and techniques being used to improve reading are effective for each student. Reading is such a fundamental part of academic training that achievement needs to be closely monitored. Anything less will short-change our students.
Reading assessments are an integral part of any college career. Whether you are taking the SAT or GRE, your reading comprehension skills can make or break the outcome of these standardized tests. Knowing how to read does not ensure comprehension, but there are strategies to improve reading comprehension.
Before beginning a shared reading session, the teacher can preview the text the class will read together. It may be a large story book that the teacher reads and displays as she goes, or it may be several copies of a short story, poem or other text that each student holds as they read. The teacher can ask students to make predictions about the text based on the title, to relate previous knowledge about the topic or to look at the cover art and pictures to determine the basis of the story. All of these forms of assessment can be…
Reading teachers often have to assess their students to gauge their progress, for direct instruction and to address reading problems. This can be done formally or informally, using pre-made assessments and a combination of teacher observations documented on checklists and surveys. When used together, these measures equip the teacher with the information needed to give the most beneficial assistance to the student.
Children are tested from kindergarten through grade twelve on their reading comprehension skills. Tests are mandated by both states and school districts. Upon completion of testing, parents receive reading comprehension scores that evaluate student performance. Reading comprehension exams can be scored in various ways.
Reading assessments measure phonological and comprehension skills. Most of these tests are timed, requiring students to think quickly as well as critically. Students can be better prepared for these tests if they have frequent opportunities to practice and reinforce the necessary skills in the classroom or at home.
Formal reading assessments allow a teacher to track a student's progress over a period of time in acquiring specific skills. These tests can be administered quickly, and the results are easily interpreted. The teacher can then use the test data to make informed decisions about teaching strategies and how to drive instruction.
Teachers, parents, students and publishers use the Lexile Framework for Reading to determine a reader's ability to comprehend written text. Most standardized assessments administered in school calculate the student's current Lexile measurement. Scores range from about 200 Lexile (200L) for beginning readers to 1,700L or greater for advanced readers who can comprehend complicated and difficult reading material. A student's Lexile level depends on reading ability, not age or grade level. The Lexile Framework for Reading uses the same scale to determine a student's reading level and the difficulty level of books, magazines, websites and other reading materials. Teachers, parents and…
Assessment testing has become a standard in all educational institutions. Federal and state governments use the scores of such tests to evaluate the effectiveness of schools. Assessment test scores are also used to assess how much a student has learned and retained throughout a course. These scores are reported on test assessment forms that can be difficult to interpret. Learning how to read assessments are essential to understanding and monitoring your educational progress or your child's learning progress.
When students are learning to read, it can be useful to measure their progress with varying methods of assessment. Some teachers use reading assessment strategies to supplement district assessments, while others prefer them as more authentic measures of students' individual learning styles.
Assessment testing has become standard in public schools across the United States as federal and state governments use the scores to evaluate the effectiveness of a school. It's also often used to determine federal and state funding. Parents get copies of the scores from their child's test, but they can be hard to understand if you don't know how to read assessment grades.
Syllabication is the process of dividing words into syllables. Emergent readers begin grasping this concept almost immediately. Teaching students how to divide words will improve their reading fluency, making it easier for the eyes to break a word apart in sections, rather than letters.
The Diagnostic Assessment for Reading (DAR) is a standardized test used by teachers and schools to assess a child's reading level and plan for reading instruction. Often, schools administer these tests on a yearly basis to every student in a class, grade level or school. Tests like the DAR may also be used at other times to individually test a child or adult who struggles with reading.
A diagnostic reading assessment is used to measure students' skills in each of the five components of reading: vocabulary, phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency and comprehension. It is given several times throughout the school year and helps teachers drive instruction toward specific needs of their students.
There are many types of reading assessments used in schools; some of them are meant to measure the knowledge of the structure of words and language, while others gauge a child's overall comprehension and ability to evaluate and comment on what they've read. Below is a general overview of both types.
The National Institutes of Health estimates that up to 15 percent of Americans are dyslexic. Because early intervention is so important in overcoming this disability, parents need to know what factors can increase the risk their child will be affected.
You may know your astrological sun sign, or even your rising sign, but your Karma is different from those. It has to do with the debt you have--both the benefits and lessons unlearned--from previous lives. Some astrologers believe that we choose the time and place of our birth so that we can keep working on the lessons we need to master in order to evolve to a higher state of consciousness. Others believe that the map of the planets at the moment we are born imprints itself onto our bodies and in our minds. Read on to learn more and…
Zero is one of the rock stars of mathematics. Although it was only invented as a concept in the fourth or fifth century B.C., it confounded even philosophers. They asked, "How can nothing be something?" Even so, zero has endured. And when zero encounters fractions, the bane of many beginning math students, confusion ensues.