The federal and state governments don't get involved in determining who's full-time or part-time. Whether you're a full-time employee or a part-time employee is an agreement between you and the company you work for. Many employers, however, designate what constitutes full-time for internal matters and policies, but ultimately, full-time employment status is a matter the federal and state governments stay away from regulating.
No matter what the season, Ohioans enjoy campfires and bonfires in outdoor chimneys, fire rings and pits. The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency and local municipalities enforce safety rules for outdoor burning. Ohio law does not require the use of commercial chimneys for outdoor burning, but some areas of the state do require permits. If you use an outdoor chimney, barbecue pit or fire ring, contact your local government for burning rules.
Employers and workers in Ohio are subject to and protected by the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. In many respects, employment laws for salaried workers are the same as those for hourly wage earners. One important difference applies to overtime pay. While most hourly workers are guaranteed overtime pay protections, salaried workers may not be, depending on FLSA exemptions and the specific field of employment.
Ohio employers don't have to provide adult workers with time to eat lunch or to take a short break; however, employees younger than 18 years old must receive at least 30 minutes of rest for every five hours the employee works. That being said, the federal Fair Labor Standards Act, or the FLSA, states that short breaks must be compensable time.
If you are an Ohio resident who has not paid a debt, your collector may use a variety of strategies to collect your delinquent balance. In most cases, the creditor will call you and send you late notices and demand letters to recover the debt. However, if you ignore your creditor or show unwillingness to repay your debt, the creditor may employ more aggressive strategies, including placing a lien on your home.
In law, discrimination is distinguishing a person either positively or negatively according to a characteristic of the person, instead of on the basis of the person’s merits. Characteristics such as these are called protected classes. Age, race, nationality, sex, religion, ancestry, disability, family status, and military status are protected classes in Ohio. People belonging to these classes are protected from discrimination in employment, housing and credit.
The United States’ wage and employee guidelines are administered and enforced by the United States Department of Labor and its accompanying divisions, such as the U. S. Wage and Hour Division. Each state is permitted to establish its own regulations; however, the guidelines imposed by each state can be no less than those established by the federal government. When defining the laws on bathroom breaks at work, rest periods and clocking-out regulations, Ohio uses the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division regulations as the standard.
Actions to collect a debt involve a creditor (the person seeking payment) and the debtor (the person owing the debt). Each state has its own laws that govern creditor-debtor actions. State laws vary. Creditor-debtor actions in Ohio must take into consideration specifics such as the usury limit and the statute of limitations.
Ohio has four classifications for the crime of assault ranging from felonious assault, which is the most serious, to negligent assault, which is the least serious. Assault in Ohio is generally defined as causing physical harm to another. In Ohio, an individual is permitted, subject to certain conditions, to use force against an aggressor to protect himself .
Most people will lease an apartment or other form of residence at some time in their lives. Any person who leases a residence enters into a contract, whether it is written or unwritten. This contract is called a lease agreement. If either party to the lease agreement does not uphold his duties in the agreement in Ohio, then that party breaches the agreement.
An underglow light is a neon tube or LED attached to the bottom of a car, truck or motorcycle to illumiate the ground beneath it and thus add a little flair to its appearance. Many states have outlawed underglow lights, and others have passed laws affecting the rights of drivers to use underglow lights on the road. Ohio, for instance, has passed many laws on automotive lighting over the years, and several of them apply to underglow lights.
Protect yourself when hiring a contractor for home-improvement projects by becoming familiar with the Illinois Mechanic's Lien Act. Under this law, the general contractor and any subcontractors, laborers or suppliers that provide work or materials under the contract may file a lien against your property if they do not receive payment. The general contractor must, by law, provide signed and notarized lien waivers from each worker and supplier to the homeowner. Without the lien waiver, subcontractors could ask the court to put a lien on your property, making it impossible to refinance or sell until the debt is settled.
Arizona's Public Health and Safety law (Title 36) requires the state's 15 counties to establish a county health department or district and employ inspectors to oversee food providers such as ice cream vendors. Counties and cities often have their own laws, which conform to common food service practices, posted on their websites. If laws are not posted, vendors may call or write to their county's environmental health division and request information.
If you are employed in Ohio and can prove that you have been treated unfairly by your employer, you may have grounds to file a complaint. You can address Issues relating to your job duties, wages and work hours by filing a labor complaint. If you believe you have grounds for filing a complaint, you must report the problem and initiate the complaint process as soon as possible. There is a statute of limitations for filing your complaint and late filing may result in a denial. As an employee, there are federal laws that protect you from being unfairly treated…
If you rent or lease an apartment, you are entitled to inhabit a safe and secure dwelling unit. If your apartment is unsafe or unfit for dwelling, the landlord, rental agency, property owner or, in come cases, condominium association, must take action to repair the apartment or improve conditions to render the unit secure.
Many people play the lottery for fun or in the hopes of getting rich overnight. In Florida, the lotto is played twice a week, with prizes sometimes reaching into the millions of dollars. Specific rules govern the lotto and the distribution of winnings.
The Ohio lottery is governed by the Ohio Lottery Commission, the laws and regulations of which can be found in chapter 3770 of the Ohio Administrative Code. Lotto players must be 18 or older and all players are subject to the rules. Specific questions can be addressed by the Ohio Lottery's Office of Legal Counsel, which can be reached by email or by phone at 216-774-5682.
A lien refers to a legal claim against personal or real property. Common types of circumstances that result in a lien placed on property include financing a home or car. In most states, a person who wins a judgment for a debt owed can file a judgment lien against the debtor's property. In addition, mechanic's liens are very common. A contractor or supplier files this type of lien on the property of owners who fail to pay for the material or labor. Illinois, as well as other states allow contractors and suppliers to file foreclosure lawsuits to enforce mechanic's liens.…
Animals have long been used as an extra set of eyes and ears for the physically and mentally disabled. According to the Animal Legal & Historical Center, medical practitioners have also confirmed the advantageous emotional benefits of animal companionship. In Ohio, pet companionship laws for the elderly and disabled require an application and registration. The owner must show proof through a certificate or other means that the animal is an assistance animal. The individual also must prove that his physical or mental impairment necessitates a companionship pet.
There are special laws in Virginia that restrict and limit the driving privileges of the state's drivers under the age of 18. Curfews, age restrictions and passenger limits all factor into a teenager's ability to legally operate a car as a licensed driver in the state. These laws and restrictions are in place to safeguard new, inexperienced drivers and teach them driving safety and responsibility.
For those seeking the equity and security of home ownership, but dreading the property maintenance and effort demanded by a single-family residence, a condominium is an attractive option. Owners have custody of the interior dwelling while the condominium association is responsible for the upkeep of the exterior and common areas. Organized properties of this sort are usually created through a statement of declarations, the form of which is dictated by state laws.
In Massachusetts, Section III-208-30 governs the relocation of children. In divorce situations, it is required for one parent to notify the other if he intends to remove the children from the state. Consent is necessary from both parents or through a valid court order. The court reserves the right to demand security and issue writs if necessary.
Illegal removal of no trespassing signs can have significant legal consequences. Often, individuals may have disputes over the boundary lines of their property, and may remove the signs in good faith. In other circumstances, removing the signs may be an attempt to provide cover for deliberate trespassing.
The operation and ownership of boats are regulated by individual state laws. Boating laws are similar to state vehicle codes. Safety and operating rules apply to boats traveling on waterways, just as traffic laws apply to cars driving on roads. Boats, like vehicles, generally require registrations. Specific registration rules and fees for boats are determined by each state. The processes for obtaining information or copies of boat registrations are also subject to different state rules.
The state government of Ohio realizes that there are times when leaf burning is necessary. However, that need must be balanced against the need of the state to protect air quality and to avoid unnecessary fires and destruction. That is why Ohio has enacted rules to regulate what the state considers to be "open burning."
Parental alienation is the act of a parent, relative or friend speaking badly to a child about one of his or her parents in an effort to sabotage the parent-child relationship. In the case of a divorce, for example, if the mother tells the child lies about the father in order to make him appear untrustworthy, it is considered parental alienation. In the state of Ohio, parental alienation is recognized, meaning that action can be taken against anyone who engages in it. If you are a victim of parental alienation in Ohio, contact a state bar certified lawyer that specializes…
A condominium is real property in which residents own individual units. Living in a condominium is a maintenance-free arrangement because common areas such as the pool, recreational area, gym and open spaces are taken care of by a condominium association. While each owner may exclusively possess a unit, the entire property is under the oversight of the condominium association, which typically is led by a board. Such property is managed in accordance with the Ohio Act and the 1978 amendments.
Drivers in Ohio who have had their driver's license suspended via an administrative license suspension for DUI or other criminal charges can petition the court to obtain limited driving privileges pursuant to 4510.021 of the Ohio Revised Code. Typically, these privileges allow a driver to travel to and from work, and to attend to medical needs, and court-ordered treatment.
Rental agreements usually give tenants the right to timely repairs, privacy, safety, healthy living conditions and a returned security deposit. Though most landlords want a positive relationship with renters and try their best to fulfill these requirements, a few can be dishonest and inconsiderate. If you feel your landlord is neglecting his end of the lease agreement, you have the right to file a complaint.
Being self-employed and running your own business brings as much stress as it does freedom. You can make your own schedule and you do not have a boss watching your every move. However, you also run into clients who don't pay on time, if at all. When you have a delinquent client who has ignored several invoice reminders, it may be time to ask a court to place a judgment lien on his or her property.
The state of Ohio has laws for school nurse activities, which govern the types of care that can be given to students. School nurses can provide direct care to both staff and students who are injured on campus or exhibit signs of illness. Both the Ohio Association of School Nurses and the National Association of School Nurses provide guidance, resources and continuing education to caregivers who work at learning institutions.
In Ohio, if you are a truck driver and wish to drive buses, you will need to add a passenger endorsement to your existing commercial driver's license.The addition of the passenger endorsement to your CDL gives you the additional permission to drive vehicles intended to carry multiple passengers, such as buses, in addition to trucks.
In Texas, golf carts are no longer classified and treated the same as low speed vehicles and neighborhood electric vehicles. Since September 1, 2009 it has not been possible for golf carts to be registered with the Texas Department of Motor Vehicles. As such, they may be driven on certain public roads. Texas cities may also pass ordinances that allow golf carts to be driven on streets within their jurisdiction, but the golf cart must be insured and be equipped with head and tail lamps, reflectors, mirrors and a parking brake. Additionally, you do not need a driver's license to…
On Nov. 7, 2006, Ohio voters approved a law prohibiting smoking in many public places, officially called the Smoke Free Workplace Law. The law took effect one month later, and enforcement started May 3, 2007. Places used for business and employment are subject to certain rules and regulations under the law.
The consequences for a driving while intoxicated (DWI) arrest in Texas are harsher for the commercial driver than they are for the average motorist. These sanctions apply whether you're driving on or off the job. Texas takes the view that because many commercial driver license (CDL) holders operate large trucks, there is a bigger risk of serious injury and death if a commercial driver ends up having an accident. While the legal blood alcohol concentration (BAC) maximum is 0.08 percent for the average citizen, a commercial driver can be convicted of a DWI for having a BAC of 0.04 percent.…
Each Ohio municipality is in charge of its own snow removal from city streets and public areas. However, many of the questions raised about Ohio snow removal concern the rights and obligations of landlords to remove snow from their tenant's driveways. Another common area of concern in Ohio is whether a landlord can be held liable if someone is injured in a slip-and-fall after the landlord has removed snow on their property.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) does not regulate portable generators. Instead, they come under the jurisdiction of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC). According to the CPSC, carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is the most common danger associated with the use of portable generators used indoors or in confined spaces.
A smoking ban protects non-smokers from the harmful effects of secondhand tobacco smoke, which has been proven to cause disability, disease and death. Tobacco contains addictive chemicals and harmful substances that circulate in the air from the smoke stream that a smoker exhales as well from the burning tobacco itself. The effects of tobacco consumption, voluntary or otherwise, accumulate over an extended period of time and are not immediately observable. A smoking ban eliminates tobacco use either through public policy, health code or the policy of an individual or organization.
Driving a boat carries as much responsibility as driving a car. That's why most states require boat operators to maintain some type of operating certification. Each state has different boating requirements; however, in most states, a person operating a boat larger than a motorized rowing boat is required to obtain a boating certification or license. If you're looking to find a person and you only have their boating license, the process is moderately easy, depending on which state you live in.
United States Environmental Protection Agency, or EPA, has created laws and regulations governing the removal and disposal of asbestos. The naturally formed mineral has been used in building materials such as insulation, tiles and automobile breaks. Both the EPA and Occupational Safety and Health Administration, or OSHA, regulate the use and removal of asbestos due to the health dangers of potentially cancer-causing chemicals. The level of airborne exposure and work practices are regulated by federal laws.
It is frustrating when you realize you have lost your driver's license, or worse yet, if it was stolen. States have differing requirements to replace your license, however the process in Ohio is straightforward. If you need to replace your Ohio driver's license, research the documents, identification and fees required. Call ahead to your local Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles to make sure you arrive to get your licensed replaced during their days and times of operation.
Louisiana homeowners can use a septic tank system to dispose of household sewage, when community sewer systems don't exist. However, homeowners must follow requirements laid out in Part XIII of the Louisiana Public Health Sanitary Code.
Depending on where you live, you may see a lot of signs posted on public property or very few. Each city or county has specific laws regarding posting signs on public property. There are also laws depending on what the signage is. For example, the Department of Environmental Conversation states that "It is a violation of the Law for any person to post any sign prohibiting or limiting activities on land unless authorized to do so by the owner, lawful occupant, or other person or organization having authority to post such lands."
Criminal trespassing is unauthorized entrance onto someone's land or property. Trespassers are subject to fines and up to 30 days in jail. If trespassing involves the use of an all-purpose vehicle, the fine is doubled.
Local and state governments dictate laws relating to fence issues. The laws of these municipalities vary. Check with the state, city and county about all applicable laws. Some communities also have covenants regarding fences. Properties built in gated or organized communities should adhere to any restrictions set forth in the organizations by-laws.
Like all states, Ohio enforces various traffic laws and punishes infractions with a variety of consequences. Punishment for violation of Ohio's traffic laws can result in fines, suspension of a driver's license and even jail time.
Ohio's state code lists regulations for the use of snow chains in the state. Ohio drivers should familiarize themselves with state law before placing chains on their vehicle.
On Dec. 1, 2006, the Pennsylvania General Assembly enacted the headlight wiper law, section 4302 of the Pennsylvania Code. It went into effect Jan. 29, 2007. The intention of the law is to make vehicles more visible to one another in inclement weather.
Internet cash advances, also known as payday loans, are largely regulated at the state level. Some limited federal legislation exists, but these laws clearly delineate that banking practices such as Internet cash advances are the jurisdiction of state governments.
The state of Ohio requires that headlights on a motorcycle are visible to other drivers. Use of headlights increases visibility during evening hours and in precipitation such as snow, hail and rain.
Vehicle modifications can personalize the appearance and utility of your transportation, but it is important to make sure your changes are street legal. Light bars, all-in-one devices that add two or more aftermarket lights to the front or roof of your vehicle, are permitted as long as they adhere to Ohio's restrictions on the number and intensity of lights allowed.
In New Jersey, getting caught with just a few plants of marijuana can land you in prison for up to five years. This is just one reason why New Jersey residents should be aware of their state's marijuana laws.
Ohio payday lending laws limit the amount of interest and loan origination fees. Ohio House Bill 545 passed in 2008 and Ohio House Bill 486 in 2010. Both restricted the fees and collection policies on two- and four-week lending businesses in the state.
You must apply for a commercial driver license (CDL) in Ohio even if you possess a current license in another state. When applying for your Ohio CDL, you must surrender your out-of-state CDL license and complete the required testing. You must be 18 years of age or older to obtain a CDL license and 21 years of age to obtain a hazardous materials permit with your CDL. You must have a valid Ohio driver's license to apply for a CDL.
Chapter 3794 of Title 37 of the Ohio Revised Code regarding safety and morals establishes smoking laws within the state. Smoking includes cigars, cigarettes, pipes or any other device used to burn tobacco or any plant.
Owning a boat is a dream of many because boats allow you to explore open water any time you wish. Boats are required to be registered with your state Department of Motor Vehicles or Wildlife Commission, depending on where you live. Identification markers make it easier to locate boat owners. While enjoying boating, you may find that you need to locate a boat owner for several reasons. You may wish to charter a boat, or purchase a boat from an owner, or you may have been involved in an accident with an unattended boat and need to exchange insurance information.
The Michigan Secretary of State provides a Record Lookup Unit to search for available vehicle registration or license plate histories. You can request a prepaid search at your local branch office for records on yourself. To look up information on another person, you must get the proper request form and mail it in or go directly to the Record Lookup Unit in Lansing, Michigan. Commercial users can create a free account to access the Secretary of State website and obtain free certified record copies.
Federal laws, along with specific state laws mandate how loads that overhang the bed of a pickup truck be marked.
The Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources retains the records of a boat's certificate of title, the manufacturer's certificate of origin and all certifications of its title for a period of five years. Non-motorized boats are not required to register. In Wisconsin, individuals inquiring about a boat's registration must have its identifying serial information. There are three identifying serial markings located on Wisconsin boats. These are the boat's registration decals, the Hull Identification Number and the engine's serial number found engraved on the engine.
In the State of Illinois, accident reports are required to be filed if the accident resulted in bodily injury, death or more than $1,500 in property damage. The driver should file the report unless he or she is injured. In that case, if a passenger was in the vehicle, they may file the report on behalf of the driver. Accident reports are held by the municipality in which the accident occurred or by the Illinois State Police. Consult the state police if you are unsure where your accident record is held.
The Federal Bridge Law is designed to limit stress and damage caused by the constant travel of semi tractors and trailers on bridges. The proper name is the Federal Bridge Formula and it designates the weight restrictions based on several criteria.
Traffic flow is important for good travel and safety reasons. Impeding traffic occurs when a vehicle is driving in a way that blocks the normal flow of traffic. Each state has different laws for dealing with impeding traffic, but they all follow the same general standard.
In the State of Ohio you can have your Commercial Drivers License, or CDL, suspended for operating a vehicle while impaired (OVI) and other serious traffic violations, like excessive speed or reckless operation. A suspension can be devastating to a commercial vehicle driver who relies on his license to make a living. Many employers have no choice but to terminate employees who lose their CDL for extended periods of time. You can appeal a suspension and win if you can prove that a law enforcement error occurred during the arrest or ticketing.
Police records are sensitive information and are not provided to individuals online. You may, however, request a copy of your police records online and they can be mailed to the address you provide. Records will include information on the arrest that your request specifies. Information released is only what is considered public information and will not include evidence such as photos or videos. Records for juveniles and for certain types of crimes might also be unavailable. The information required for you to receive a copy of your records by mail varies depending on the type of record requested.
There are various types of commercial driver's licenses for which a Nevada resident can apply. However, as each CDL requires different skills, Nevada imposes different age and testing requirements.
A commercial driver's license (CDL) permits its holder to drive commercial motor vehicles and non-commercial motor vehicles. CDLs are required in Arkansas to operate any motor vehicle that weighs more than 26,000 pounds or that carries hazardous materials or 15 or more passengers.
Ohio traffic sign laws are established by the Ohio Revised Code and can be amended at the will of the state Legislature. The laws apply to passenger vehicles, two-wheeled motorized or non-motorized bikes and trailers hauled by or on vehicles.
Video, email, computers, and telephone communications all fall under the definition of electronic communications under the Texas Code. In the state of Texas situations differ regarding the need for consent of video surveillance. There are also some instances in which video surveillance is required such as financial institutions and other businesses.
New Jersey is very specific about the theft of electricity. You can receive fines and time in jail for electricity theft in New Jersey.
State and local governments restrict the use of specific types of weapons, even those designed or intended for self-defense purposes. The question of whether or not a weapon is intended for self-defense is moot when it comes to the question of legality, as a law can restrict the possession of almost any weapon. Conversely, all weapons, and anything used as a weapon, can be used illegally. Even if the weapon is designed or intended solely for self-defense purposes, and the law allows individuals to possess the weapon, the manner in which it is used determines the lawfulness of it. These…
In Oklahoma, a creditor requires a "perfection of lien" in order to legally repossess a vehicle. This means the creditor must be properly listed on the title of the vehicle. If for any reason the creditor is not established as the lien-holder, the repossession might be considered illegal.
Lemon laws protect the consumer when buying a motor vehicle. The law requires that a manufacturer or seller is obliged to repair, refund the price, or replace a defective motor vehicle and applies both to new and used vehicles. Buyers in Colorado are protected by both Colorado and federal lemon laws.
Truck and bus drivers in Ohio are required to have a commercial driver's license, also known as a CDL. Applicants must take a written test, an eye exam and a road test to measure how well they can maneuver a vehicle. The road portion involves three tests of driving skills. The Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles administers the tests and issues licenses.
The laws in Ohio govern the use of headlights on motor vehicles to protect drivers and pedestrians. The laws govern the conditions under which headlights must be in use, the height of the lights and the type of beams that can be used.
According to the Ohio Department of Transportation, 1,028 people died in motor vehicle crashes in 2009. In order to protect motorists as well as pedestrians, Ohio established traffic laws in Chapter 4511 of the Ohio Revised Code. To remain safe and avoid being fined by law enforcement, familiarize yourself with Ohio's traffic laws.
In Ohio, a notary public owes various duties to clients, the courts, and other official public agencies. Some of these duties include properly notarizing a document, administering oaths, and issuing depositions taken by sheriffs. In all cases, he must verify the identity of the person executing the document or deposition.
You must register your boat in Michigan if it has a permanently affixed motor or if it is longer than 20 feet. You must also display the registration number on your boat if you are required to register. Michigan has no online search service to identify the owners of boats by registration number, but you can send a query to the Michigan Secretary of State's office to request identification of a boat owner by registration number.
The Kansas Department of Health and Environment governs the law on asbestos. This includes who may remove asbestos, what locations qualify for such a project and what is to be done with the removed asbestos.
Teenage drivers in Ohio take part in a graduated driver's license program that allows them to learn the rules of the road under restricted and supervised conditions. Teens are issued a permit and then a probationary driver license with full driving privileges issued when they turn 18. Laws regulating teen driving vary with the type of license issued to the teen and his age. Knowing the license requirements and expectations help teens adhere to Ohio driving laws.
Though there are many types of liens, Florida's release of lien laws pertain specifically to construction liens, also known in many states as mechanic's liens. It is a lien placed against real property, such as a home, by a contractor or subcontractor that pledges the property as collateral for payment of the work that is performed. A release of lien indemnifies your property against liens that could be placed against it by subcontractors or other contractors if the amount of work exceeds $2,500. If work is performed on your home for $50,000 and you pay the contractor in full and…
Besides standard driving laws, there are laws for specific parts of a car. Windshield wipers and car lights carry out important tasks for a car to operate safely, both individually and in conjunction with other vehicles on the road. Windshield wiper and light laws may vary slightly by state, so it is important to consult the appropriate governing body in your area for up-to-date changes in laws.
Asbestos training is required for all workers in public and private industries who will be handling and disposing of asbestos. It is of paramount importance for you to acquire the appropriate environmental and safety certifications in asbestos management and removal before undertaking a job involving this hazardous material.
Asbestos is a widely used material for building construction, but its microscopic fibers are hazardous to human health. Asbestos exposure has been associated with several diseases of the lungs, including a rare form of lung cancer. Since 1992, the Texas Department of Health has legally regulated asbestos-containing materials, and their removal.
You can use public police records to conduct research for newspaper articles or essays or to find information about an employee, potential employee or neighbor. In Ohio, there are several ways to obtain public police records. Methods vary depending on the police department or jurisdiction you are dealing with.
Many people want police investigation information and verification after an accident to be sure they receive any monetary concessions to which they may be entitled. Victims often have to request these accident reconstruction reports. The requester often must pay the police department involved because the reports cost time and money. Reconstruction reports differ from crash reports; they recreate the scene leading up to the accident to provide maximum detail about what happened. Crash reports rely on eyewitness testimony and the scene after the crash has occurred.
Teenage drivers in Ohio must follow the states graduated driver law to obtain a license to operate a motor vehicle. The laws require an increased amount of adult supervision before issuing a state license. The state restricts the hours a driver under age 18 can drive as well as the number of passengers allowed in the vehicle. The graduated driver law seeks to decrease the risk to all drivers on Ohio's roads by increasing adult supervision for teen drivers.
For many Ohio drivers windshield wipers are second nature; it rains and you flip them on. The legal obligation, however, does not stop there.
Accident reports in Columbus, Ohio are public records and can be viewed by requesting a copy from the responding law enforcement agency.
Commercial Driver's Licenses (CDL) in Ohio are required for operating trucks, buses and other vehicles that fall within certain weight classes or are used to transfer passengers or hazardous materials. Before drivers can get a permanent, renewable CDL, they must first have an Ohio temporary instruction permit instruction card (TIPIC). The Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) issues this card once the driver proves his identification and passes vision and knowledge tests.
The Kansas Department of Transportation regulates weight limits for bridges located along state roadways. Federal standards apply to bridges on Interstates and federally designated highways in the state. The federal government regulates the methods for calculating your vehicle weight. The U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration administers these standards.
Connecticut's motor vehicle "red-flag law" is found in Chapter 246, Section 14-96(k) of the Connecticut code. The statute applies to three separate situations involving oversized loads: daytime transport, night-time transport, and oversized loads carrying live animals.
Boating for recreation, personalized travel or commerce requires technical knowledge, familiarity with water and weather conditions and standardized "rules of the road" for off-shore traffic. While a basic water safety course is recommended for boat owners, most states do not require a specific operators license for legal operation of water craft. All states do require that boats are registered yearly, though. The boat registration process is often referred to interchangeably with the term boat license.
One of the most difficult tasks facing a contractor on any job can be getting paid. Contractors may furnish valuable labor and materials on a project only to find the property owner unwilling or unable to pay at the conclusion of work. Fortunately, the laws of many states provide for a lien for the value of labor and materials furnished for improvements or repairs upon real property pursuant to an oral or written contract with the owner. The contractor must begin the lien process within the time specified by the applicable state statute.
A common law lien is a legal recourse in some states in which the claimant places a lien on real or personal property of the owner, provided that the claim doesn't fall under any of three categories: 1) statutory, 2) security interest or 3) judicial. A common law lien allows the lien holder to attach a claim to the property if the owner has failed to pay him for services rendered or work performed. In essence, the lien allows the claimant to pursue and collect on a debt.
Ohio has a graduated driver's license program. Driver's permits are issued to young drivers to ensure they're ready for the road come time to apply for a license. The young driver must apply with the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV) and follow the permit regulations and the rules of the road.
Trailers are towed every day by semi-truck drivers, recreational travelers and workers in many fields. To ensure the safety of the person towing a trailer and other drivers, the state of Ohio has issued regulations concerning the towing of trailers. These laws cover the type of towing connection, stay chains and coupling devices.
The Fair Labor Standards Act, passed by Congress in 1938, established a national minimum wage and a standard for overtime pay and banned hiring of children younger than 14. The law sets national standards for covered employees, such as the federal minimum wage, but gives states the option to establish their own standards, within limits. Ohio, for the most part, follows the federal lead.
Ending a marriage is a difficult process and can be emotionally painful for both parties involved. Some couples opt for a legal separation before divorce. In Ohio, a legal separation allows for a couple to end their marriage, temporarily or long term, without divorcing, while agreeing on items such as division of property, child custody arrangements and spousal support. Couples may opt for a legal separation because their religion does not allow for divorce, they do not meet the Ohio residency requirements for divorce or because they are not sure they want a divorce. Legal separation ensures that everyone's interests…
Marijuana trafficking in Ohio, like drug trafficking in most states, can include factors such as intent to sell, selling, possession, distributing and cultivation. If arrested for drug trafficking, you face a felony offense and should seek immediate legal representation, as Ohio criminal courts take marijuana laws seriously. The Ohio state laws are clear about what penalties you will face if caught trafficking marijuana.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention makes the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) available to the general public for research. In 2007, the NVSS reported over 850,000 divorces. While not every divorce involved children, the ones that did were subject to family laws instituted by the state issuing the final decree. The courts govern custody, child support and visitation. The state of Ohio passed a provision for moving with dependent children involved in a child custody case.
The state of Ohio has express laws that pertain to restraining loads carried by dump trucks or other commercial vehicles. It is in the best interest of the public for these trucks not to lose portions of their loads, which may create dangerous obstructions for following, or passing, vehicles. The state puts the onus on the dump truck drivers and operators to ensure their loads are properly harnessed.
Ohio emergency vehicles light requirements tell drivers what to do in case they encounter a vehicle or vessel with emergency lighting. These laws also impose responsibility on the emergency vehicle drivers. They specify the type and color of lighting permissible for vehicles that respond to distress signals by the sirens and the flashing, rotating or oscillating lights.
According to Ohio law, child safety seats should be used for children age 3 or younger (or weighing less than 40 pounds). Children ages 4 to 7 who weigh 40 pounds or more and are shorter than 4-foot-9 must use a booster seat. Children eight and older can use an adult seat belt.
In Ohio, the nursing profession is regulated by state law and the Ohio Board of Nursing. The Board is a state agency that acts as a regulatory body for nursing practice and issuing nursing licenses.
Three Ohio statutes deal with situations involving uninsured drivers who have been in motor vehicle accidents. These laws attempt to reduce the number of uninsured drivers, punish uninsured drivers and ensure that the victims of uninsured drivers are adequately compensated.
Tire chains and tire cables affix to a vehicle's tires and add traction in snow and ice. Though these devices can greatly improve a vehicle's safety during winter weather, you need to use them with caution. In Ohio, improper use of tire chains is a minor crime for which drivers can receive a fine.
Even after a driver receives her license, the driving privilege is never guaranteed. A license may legally be suspended for a multitude of reasons. In Ohio, drivers with suspended licenses are obligated to follow court determinations regarding suspension and may not legally drive at this time. If an individual decides to drive anyway, she risks legal repercussions in most situations.
Your child must be at least 15 1/2 years old to be eligible for a learner's driving permit, according to Ohio law. This documentation will allow him to practice while you are in the vehicle with him. According to the Ohio Department of Public Safety website, your child may practice with this permit only between the hours of 6 a.m. to midnight.
Before you put an automobile on the road in Ohio, you're going to need to have it inspected. Ohio inspects motor vehicles for different reasons ranging from legitimacy of the parts to environmental protection. New residents moving to the state of Ohio or those registering a car for the first time should be aware of Ohio's auto inspection laws.
The Ohio Legislature has established statutes regarding an employer's obligations regarding employee payment. The Ohio Department of Commerce, a branch of Ohio's Bureau of Labor & Worker Safety monitors and enforces Ohio labor laws. One of the tasks of the Department involves ensuring that workers receive their due wages in a timely manner, including situations when an employer has mailed a payroll check.
Many people fear the prospect of eventually living in a long term care facility or nursing home. However, these days, nursing homes are highly regulated, and states have taken great effort to ensure the safety and comfort of the elderly. Ohio has adopted statutes and regulations that apply to nursing homes.
In the United States, patients have the right to see and amend their medical records. Acts such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996, outline federal laws that healthcare providers must follow when dealing with patient records. In addition to these federal laws, Ohio has its own set of laws that further protect citizens and their medical privacy. State laws usually take precedence, but the law that provides the most privacy to the patient must be followed.
Owning and operating an ice cream truck can be a profitable small business venture. Before going out and purchasing a truck, however, you must familiarize yourself with the laws surrounding this type of small business. The regulations vary from state to state, and you must complete licensing and validation through investigation.
Many states have applied lemon laws to the pet industry to protect consumers against purchasing an animal that may be in poor health. Ohio has not yet adapted pet lemon laws; however, there is currently a petition to the State of Ohio House of Representatives to pass a puppy lemon law.
Motor vehicle lockout kits contain tools that allow a person to gain access to a locked vehicle. They are sold to be used by, or with the consent of, the vehicle's owner if the vehicle is accidentally locked without a way to access the vehicle. There are no laws that prohibit buying, selling or making these kits in Ohio; however, there are two related laws that should be noted.
Ohio law mandates white as the color of the vehicle headlights. Headlight covers--the plastic protecting the bulb--reducing the brightness or changing the color of the beam could result in a ticket, as violation of the law counts as a misdemeanor.
A vehicle traveling at a maximum speed of 25 miles per hour is a collision hazard on roadways. Faster cars can come up behind them causing rear-end crashes. Accidents can be head-on if a faster vehicle tries to pass the slower one quickly. To keep the roadways safe, laws have been created regarding the proper use of slow moving vehicle emblems. These emblems act as a warning so drivers have enough time to slow down before reaching, or hitting, the slow-moving vehicle.
While Ohio doesn't have a state mandated law regarding short term disability, many employers offer some form of protection in the event that their employee becomes disabled. In some circumstances, the employee may be paid while on disability leave, but this is not always the case. All employees in Ohio should always check with their prospective employers in regards to short term disability benefits before taking a job.
Each state uses an acronym to describe drunk driving. In Ohio, drunk driving is described as operating a vehicle under the influence (OVI), and OVI is prohibited by law. OVI and DUI mean the same thing but in Ohio, OVI is the legal term used. Prosecutors can convict when an alleged offender registers a blood alcohol (BAC) content of .08 percent even without other evidence. It's important for Ohio residents to understand the OVI law and driving consequences.
Handguns are weapons used by citizens for personal protection. Different rules apply when carrying a weapon in a motor vehicle, and each state in America has different laws regarding the transportation of handguns in vehicles. The state of Ohio allows for the transportation of firearms in automobiles but places strict restrictions on how these guns are transported. The Ohio Code regulates how to transport a handgun in the state of Ohio under Title 29 Chapter 2923.16 (Improperly Handling Firearms in a Motor Vehicle).
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are 8.8 million residential and public-use swimming pools in the United States. Over 12 percent of pool inspections conducted during 2008 resulted in the pool being immediately shut down until violations were corrected. Ordinance laws for private swimming pools vary from town to town in Ohio. However, the Ohio Department of Health has jurisdiction over public pools.
Ohio law sets a statute of limitations on credit card debts. Credit card companies may not sue debtors for debts that are over a certain age. However, debtors do not get a free pass on old debts; credit card companies may still collect the debt as long as they do not involve the courts in debt collection.
Driving laws in Ohio are restrictive for those under age 18. Ohio residents may apply for a driving permit after reaching aged 15 years, 6 months; the age for a driver's license is 16. In spring 2007, special restrictions on probationary permits and licenses went into effect, meaning that drivers under age 18 are generally not allowed to have more than one nonfamily member present, even when participating in school-related activities or carpools.
Tire chains can make a difference in arriving at your destination safely, especially when used on glare ice. Properly-sized chains for your tires is essential. They are sold in sets. Before purchasing a set, consult your vehicle's manual to verify which chains may be used. According to the Ohio Committee for Severe Weather Awareness, some local governments prohibit the use of tire chains. Check with local authorities before leaving home.
The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is a government body of various departments and divisions responsible for administering the state's environmental laws. State regulations include standards that protect air and water quality, and assist in preservation of land. The EPA also provides educational opportunities and helps citizens understand Ohio's environmental statutes.
The state of Ohio suspends driver's licenses for a variety of reasons. Driving while your license is suspended is a criminal offense. However, the penalties vary based on the reason that the license was suspended to begin with and the absence or presence of prior offenses.
Smoking is becoming increasingly regulated across the United States. In the past people could generally smoke wherever they wanted to, but states are now enacting their own laws, defining where people can smoke in public places. Ohio laws set out the responsibilities of both individuals and proprietors, locations where smoking isn't regulated and civil fines and penalties for people caught violating the regulations.
According to the Ohio Department of Public Safety, over 12,000 drivers between the ages of 16 and 20 were killed or injured in a car accident in 2007. In order to prevent teen deaths, Ohio's Bureau of Motor Vehicles requires juvenile drivers to complete the state's graduated driver licensing program. The juvenile driving laws set forth by this safety program work to keep young drivers safe while mastering responsible driving habits that will last a lifetime.
Ohio state law prohibits the use of unauthorized wiretapping by third parties in most circumstances without the consent and knowledge of at least one party who is taped. However, it makes several exceptions to the rule. On the state level, audio surveillance is legal when conducted by a law enforcement agent with an interception warrant. State law also permits wiretaps in accordance with two federal statutes, "The Electronic Communications Privacy Act" (EPCA) and the "Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act."
Traffic laws were designed to protect drivers and pedestrians on Ohio's roadways. Drivers in Ohio must obey all traffic laws, as failure to abide by the laws set forth by the Ohio Department Of Public Safety results in fines, penalties and possible suspension of the driver's license.
There are many aspects of divorce law in the state of Ohio, but the common thread in all of those laws is protecting the children who are caught in the middle of their parents' separation. Therefore, Ohio law, like the laws of many states, directly addresses divorce issues such as abandonment and custody.
The duties and authority of Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) and its employees are governed under Title 15 of the Ohio Revised Code. ODNR protects the taking, possession, preservation and management of all wild animals. They also protect and preserve parks and waterways.
According to process servers rules in Ohio, servers must be appointed by a court in order to serve, or deliver, official legal documents to parties in a lawsuit. They must be over eighteen and not a party to the case.
Like many states, video surveillance laws in Ohio need to be interpreted through its wiretapping statutes (Oh. Rev. Code 2933.51-2). Specifically, any unauthorized interception of an "oral communication" is prohibited. While there is no specific law against video surveillance, its usage as a means to intercept an "oral communication" (e.g. video recording at close range with an audio track) may be prosecutable as a criminal offense.
Traffic laws are designed to keep motorists, pedestrians and bicyclists safe. However, as laws vary from state to state, it is important to know the rules before venturing out. Many of the traffic laws in Hamilton, Ohio are comparable to other cities and states. However, the city has a compiled all their ordinances into a single document to ensure residents and visitors alike are aware of their traffic laws.
The state of Ohio introduced a ban on smoking in 2006 that represented the first shift of its kind for a midwestern state. The language of the ban prohibits smoking "in any public place or place of employment" in an enclosed setting. Balconies and patios, therefore, are immediately suspect and have become the subject of much debate.
In designing a sentencing scheme, states must balance their interest in a uniform administration of punishment against the utility of allowing judges the discretion to tailor punishment to fit the unique circumstances of the crime and the offender. Although Ohio allows its judges considerable discretion in sentencing when compared with other states, guidelines do exist that give an accused an idea of the punishment he might face upon conviction.
Ohio's marijuana laws include penalties ranging from "minor misdemeanors," which do not create criminal records, to felonies, which can come with a jail sentence of up to eight years. Any conviction under Ohio's drug laws is accompanied by a suspension of a professional and/or driver's license for a period between six months and five years. Ohio drug laws include mandatory minimum sentences for certain severe infractions.
Installing a backyard swimming pool in Ohio can result in fines if the proper codes and regulations are not followed. Rules vary for public pools versus private pools, but there are still permits that must be obtained for private pools before construction begins. Depending on the town and the county, regulations differ, so it's important to contact your local city hall to ensure that all the necessary permits have been purchased.
In the state of Ohio, possession of certain listed drugs is a criminal offense. The list includes cocaine, which is available both in powdered form and as so-called "crack." The powdered form can be ingested through the nasal passages ("snorting") or by intravenous injection in a water solution. Crack cocaine is processed into small rocks, which can be smoked. Reflecting federal law, Ohio law distinguishes between powdered cocaine and crack for legislative purposes, a distinction that has been challenged.
Ohio car dealers and lenders have important rights when you lease a vehicle from them. If you don't abide by the terms of the lease, you may face repossession of your leased car.
A criminal defendant wishing to be released from jail for the period before his trial can purchase a bond from a bail bondsman, as a pledge to appear in court, if the judge allows it. The bond serves as a security or deterrent from the defendant fleeing from his court date. Cincinnati, Ohio law regarding bail bonds does not differ much from most other state laws, except that there are fewer restrictions in becoming a bail bondsman.
Legal residents in the state of Ohio who are 15 years and 6 months old can apply for a Temporary Instruction Permit Identification Card (TIPIC) prior to testing for a driver's license. The applicant must provide proof of identification, take a written test and submit to an eye exam. The Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles provides a booklet designed to help the TIPIC holder learn and understand the driving laws of Ohio.
Weapon laws often differ from state to state, so it is quite important that you know each state's laws. Certain types of knives, for example, might be illegal in California, but legal in Ohio.
Concealed carry holster laws in Ohio are fairly simple. The purpose of the holster is to keep the gun secured to the holder's person (without the person carrying it around in his or her hands, which could seem threatening in public places). The only significant recent change to the laws is that the holstered weapon no longer needs to be in plain sight when carried in a vehicle, effective as of 2009.
Making the decision to move yourself or your family to a new country is an enormous decision that can be further complicated by the confusing laws of that country. For those who want to move to the state of Ohio in the United States, becoming familiar with the immigration laws can help make a difficult process more simplified.
There are federal laws governing child welfare, but almost every state has its own set of definitions and distinctions of what constitutes child abuse and neglect. A few states have outlined what constitutes abandonment, including Ohio.
Ohio's procedures for ending a marriage include divorces (for cases where the parties are contesting the division of properties) and civil dissolutions, which is a no-fault procedure meant to handle the non-adversarial case of a marriage being ended. Civil dissolutions are typically less time consuming and expensive than a conventional divorce, and require certain steps be followed in a particular order.
Notaries prevent ID theft and fraud by acting as witness to the signing of certain documents and validating that the signature belongs to the person who signed. Ohio has one of the most unusual notary public landscapes. The state is made up of 88 counties, each county employs its own set of application requirements. Despite these differences, the laws governing the actions of notaries in Ohio are unified in the rules and duties outlined in the Ohio Revised Code.
Lemon laws in Ohio cover only a limited number of used cars. In order to be eligible for protection under lemon laws, used cars must be no older than one year old and have been driven no more than 18,000 miles. Even then, the protections offered used car buyers are more limited than those given to buyers of new cars.
There are times when recording a telephone conversation is desired, but it is important to know when a person can legally record a call and when special permission must be granted. Twelve states require that both parties know when a telephone call is being recorded. Ohio is a one-party consent state. Following are the laws regarding the recording of phone calls in Ohio.
A process server is "a person authorized by law or by a court to formally deliver process to a defendant or respondent," according to EmploymentCrossing, a job search website. "Process" is usually in the form of a summons, a request to appear in court to respond to legal charges made against the defendant. The county sheriff may serve process, but there are also many private process server businesses in Ohio. Lawyers and county agencies may hire employees of these businesses to serve process. Process servers are not required to hold a license in the state of Ohio.
Ohio repossession laws permit creditors to perform self-help repossession. An example of self-help repossession is where a creditor sends a tow truck to repossess a vehicle from a purchaser who stopped making payments. The creditor does not have to go to court to repossess the vehicle because it retained important statutory and contractual rights in the vehicle when it entered into a loan contract with the purchaser. However, a creditor’s right to repossess without going to court is not absolute. Ohio repossession laws provide consumers with specific protection. If a creditor violates these protections, then they may have committed an…
Chapter 7 bankruptcy is a type of personal bankruptcy that Ohio residents may file for relief from debt. Chapter 7 bankruptcy was specifically designed to provide consumers with debt relief by discharging unsecured debts. These debts include credit card bills, medical bills and some types of judgments. By law, under Chapter 7 bankruptcy, consumers may keep their homes and cars providing the debtor does not have non-exempt equity and continues to make payments.
Ohio tow trucks must comply with a host of laws governing their use and operation in the state. Public tow trucks, those operating for hire by private individuals or organizations, must be compliant with state laws, ranging from safety requirements to insurance minimums. These laws can change, so contact the Ohio Public Utilities Commission for a complete list of current regulations and laws.
Ohio knife laws are vague in many ways, leaving some gray area for interpretation. There are, however, several specific laws in the Ohio state code that deals with specific types of knives and what the rules are surrounding them. Many types of pocket knives are actually considered illegal in Ohio.
Domestic violence happens everywhere. This act does not discriminate to certain areas of the world or country. In the U.S., some states have laws that require domestic violence to be reported. Some states have laws that require even accidental violence to be reported. Medical personnel can also be required to make a report to law enforcement or social services in some situations. These situations are all regulated by domestic violence reporting laws.
Ohio lien law is designed to protect the contractor, subcontractor, or material supplier who is involved in home construction or renovation, as well as homeowners who may be affected by liens against their homes. There are specific steps and time lines required in the mechanics lien process. Ohio Revised Code (O.R.C.) 1311 describes the Mechanic's Lien process in detail and provides some of the forms needed in the process of filing liens.
Getting your vehicle repossessed is a traumatic experience that causes a severe blow to your credit and emotional well-being. Creditors can repossess a vehicle after only one missed monthly payment if they so choose. But the state of Ohio has laws that creditors must follow when taking this drastic action upon those whose loans are in default.
In Ohio, the license cycle of licensed nurses lasts 24 months. Before the start of the next cycle, nurses must meet certain requirements to renew. One of the most important involves continuing education (CE) in subject matter relevant to their profession. Not only will this continuing education improve professional skills and build on current knowledge, it will help nurses keep up with the constantly evolving medical technology and treatments as well as the latest research.
Ohio is a jurisdiction that recognizes parental alienation claims. According to clinical psychiatrist Richard Gardner, parental alienation can occur during a divorce when parents make hurtful comments to a child about the child's other parent. With respect to romantic relationships, Ohio does not recognize claims for alienation of affection.
With an increase in the number of drivers on the road, combined with advances in mobile technology, many states have to rethink their traffic laws. Some states are passing laws regarding cell phone usage, while some have chosen to stick with traffic laws concerning driving under the influence and speeding. While the state of Ohio does not have rules regarding cell phones and driving as of 2010, it does have a number of laws for drivers operating motor vehicles.
Ohio has some of the weakest gun regulations in the United States, according to the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence. Unlike many states, Ohio does not require criminal background checks on firearm sales. Ohio’s gun regulations dictate who may carry a concealed weapon and under what circumstances; the procedure for obtaining permits; the purchase of firearms by minors; the sale of firearms; and the penalties for violating any section of the Revised Code.
There are a lot of factors to consider when you select a summer camp program for your child to attend. From curriculum and activities to staff and facilities, there are literally dozens of options to sift through. You don't have to worry that your child's camp isn't up to snuff, though, as the State of Ohio regulates camp settings as if they're daycare, licensing operators and locations. Unless the camp meets for less than two weeks total, your child's day camp will be licensed with the state.
Ohio documents its apartment laws in the Ohio Revised Code, the body of laws created and set forth by the state. Under chapter 5321, titled "Landlords and Tenants," the state of Ohio stipulates rules that both landlords and tenants must follow in regards to the operation of apartments and landlord-tenant agreements. These laws cover issues such as apartment cleanliness and both tenants' and landlords' responsibilities.
The state of Ohio has laws relating to the payment of overtime compensation by businesses to their employees. In Ohio, the payment of overtime compensation is contingent on the employer's volume of sales. "Overtime" is defined by the state of Ohio as any working time in excess of 40 actual hours per week.
Ohio has levied a tax on cigarettes since 1931. This tax is paid primarily by the sale of special stamps to wholesale cigarette dealers. Proceeds from the tax go into the state's General Revenue Fund. The Ohio cigarette tax, as well as taxes on other tobacco, is managed by the Ohio Tax Commissioner.
Richard A. Gardner is the renowned clinical psychiatrist who first introduced parental alienation as a syndrome based upon his studies of divorcing couples and their affected children. Dr. Gardner noticed that parental alienation syndrome, or "PAS," may have a detrimental impact upon the child's developmental well-being. Ohio courts have factored PAS into their custody rulings, and it is even codified into Ohio's statutory code.
Nursing homes throughout Ohio provide the elderly and those unable to care for themselves on their own with the proper care necessary to live out their years with dignity. To help ensure Ohio nursing homes are giving proper care, certain regulations and laws in place to protect the rights of people living in one.
Open adoption is a type of adoption in which the child has contact with her birth family. An open adoption establishes a relationship between the child and her birth parents through direct contact such as visits, phone calls and letters. Policies on open adoption vary from state to state with some states not even allowing open adoption at all. In Ohio, open adoptions are available.
Many state labor laws are governed by the United States Department of Labor and are outlined Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Beyond these federal mandates, Ohio has several added rules regarding wages and overtime. Ohio law regarding overtime is described in Section 3 of Chapter 4111 of the Ohio Revised Codes (ORC).
Chain link fences are a commonly used barrier for any type of property. Chain link fences can be diverse in height, grade and color. These fences are versatile, durable and relatively inexpensive. Different communities require different procedures for installing chain link fences, so check with your municipal authorities first. There is no state law dictating the use of chain link fences in the state of Ohio. Fence laws vary by city.
Trespassing, or entering and remaining on another person's property without permission, is illegal in Ohio. Many people and businesses post signs informing others that they may not enter or restricting the hours they may visit the property. Ohio law is specific about the type of signs that must be posted in order to warn potential trespassers off the owner's property.
A power of attorney is a powerful legal document that allows one person, known as the agent or attorney-in-fact, to make decisions on behalf of another person, known as the principal. In Ohio, the laws governing the use of powers of attorney are found in the Ohio Revised Code Chapter 1337.
Gaining power of attorney gives a person significant legal authority to make decisions on behalf of someone else. Power of attorney can allow others to make important and life-changing decisions, and anyone using them must be certain to follow all relevant state laws. While each state's laws about power of attorney differ, you can take steps to make sure any such document is drafted properly.
Ohio Revised Code, Title 31, Section 3109.051 grants all grandparents in the state of Ohio the right to visit their grandchild. But there are requirements and considerations that the courts must take into account before any such visitation can be granted. There are also circumstances allowing a grandparent's rights to be terminated.
When a commercial driver's license (CDL) is suspended by the Ohio BMV, an appeal process is available. Many drivers who hold a CDL rely on the income from driving a commercial vehicle. In addition, many employers who hire an employee specifically because they hold a CDL will suspend or fire the employee if they lose their license for a lengthy period. The appeal process typically allows the CDL holder to retain their license during the time of the appeal. During the appeal, error could make it possible to overturn the CDL suspension.
Ohio laws grant individuals the right to spend time with their grandchildren in the event of a separation or divorce of the parents; the death of a parent; or if the parents were never married. The court will order visitation if a grandparent shows an interest in the child's welfare and the child will benefit from the visitation. Appropriateness of visitation is determined by several factors.
The state of Ohio has laws that protect employers and workers doing business in the state. Labor laws applying to employers cover areas such as the employment of minors, civil rights and fair wage standards. Title 41 of the Ohio Revised Legal Code contains the chapters dealing with labor and industry laws, and these chapters have laws applying to employers within the state.
There are a number of reasons why an individual would want to transport a weapon, whether it be traveling to hunt, moving, or after recently purchasing the gun. However, it is important that individuals who choose to transport a gun do so properly according to the law. In Ohio, the rules for transporting a firearm vary depending on whether or not a person owns a concealed weapon license.
You have no doubt been zipping down an Ohio highway when you've come upon a tractor chugging along at 20 mph. Or maybe you have driven in central Ohio's peaceful countryside and found a horse-drawn Amish buggy creeping down the road. If the operators of both vehicles were obeying Ohio law, they displayed a reflective slow-moving vehicle (SMV) triangle emblem to warn approaching motorists of their presence.
A Cincinnati process server is appointed to deliver legal documents and court orders such as summonses and subpoenas on individuals or corporations (through their registered agents) in the state of Ohio. A process server may operate throughout the state, and work for public agencies or court officers from Ohio or from outside of the state.
Each of the 50 states in America has its own department of motor vehicles. In Ohio this is the Bureau of Motor Vehicles (BMV.) The Ohio BMV issues driver licenses, license plates and certificates of title to Ohio residents. The BMV also publishes the Digest of Ohio Motor Vehicle Laws, which lists in detail the driving laws and regulations in the state of Ohio.
A wage garnishment deducts money that you owe to a creditor from your paycheck, before you receive your paycheck, or from a bank account. Reasons for garnishments in Ohio may include child support, tax debt, or a lawsuit. As the debtor, you'll have a chance to present evidence relevant to your case in an Ohio court.
Ohio law states that seat belts are mandatory for certain car passengers. While a violation of the Ohio seat belt law is not a moving violation, a law enforcement official might stop a car for another moving violation, such as speeding, and issue a fine if certain passengers are not wearing their seat belts. A seat belt violation does not carry any points on a person's permanent driving record in Ohio.
An expandable baton is a metallic club that collapses down to a small size. When the handle is flicked out at high enough velocity, the wand telescopes out to a full-sized baton that can be used to subdue an adversary. Collapsible batons are very dangerous weapons if used improperly and every state has its own guidelines concerning batons and other concealed weapons. Ohio is no exception.
If you drive or own vehicles in Ohio, familiarize yourself with laws regarding the impounding of vehicles, license plates and registration. If you break these laws, you may have to pay hefty fees to reclaim your vehicle and could lose it altogether.
The Ohio Mortgage Loan Act, otherwise known as the SAFE Mortgage Licensing Act, works to protect consumers by setting licensure standards for individuals seeking to serve as loan originators. Loan originators must by Dec. 31, 2010 meet the various state standards in order to be licensed. These requirements include educational criteria, as well as the passage of a state-endorsed test.
Under Ohio family law, grandparents may seek court-ordered visitation with a grandchild when the child's parents terminate voluntary visitation under certain circumstances. Grandparents must demonstrate not only that such visitation rights are in the child's best interest, but also that failure to grant visitation would cause further harm to the child's well-being. Grandparents to whom the child is related by blood, marriage or adoption qualify to bring a claim for grandparental visitation provided they satisfy the conditions set forth under Ohio law.
Mandatory overtime is a controversial topic not only in Ohio, but across the country. While some argue it endangers workers in certain professions, such as nursing and construction, others welcome overtime pay. No matter which side you fall on, the state of Ohio has laws set in place to ensure if employers require mandatory overtime, employees are paid for their work.
In 2009, Ohio made changes to its child restraint law. The state decided to add a booster seat provision impacting some toddlers and school-aged children. As the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) explains, however, depending on the size of your child, it might be in your best interest to take child passenger safety above and beyond the law.
Dissolution in Ohio, as in all states, is a way to end a marriage without one partner being considered "at fault." If a couple wishes to end their marriage without enduring the legal proceedings of an outright divorce, dissolution is one way to do it. Terminating a marriage through dissolution is one of the more amicable ways to end a marriage.
In Ohio, a living will is a type of advance directive that hospitals recognize as a patient's active right to be involved in his health care decisions. If you're injured or ill and are no longer able to make choices for yourself, a living will instructs the health professionals treating you about how to conduct your care. In Ohio, you must be declared unconscious or terminally ill which is determined by your inability to communicate with at least two physicians before your living will becomes active.
Dogs and cats are excellent companion animals as well as friends and helpers. However, dogs, cats and other mammals can transmit diseases to humans, especially if they are "outdoor" pets allowed to spend any amount of time outside unattended by their owners. Most states, including Ohio, have laws requiring some vaccination or licensing of animals in order to ensure that if they do come into contact with diseases, they will not spread them to humans or other domestic animals.
Commissioned by a secretary of state, a notary public is charged with verifying and authenticating documents and certifying facts. He must act as an unbiased, official witness to the identity of the person who signs a document. To be considered valid, many legal documents, including deeds, contracts, vehicle registrations and mortgages, must be notarized. The duties of notaries are the same nationwide, however, the procedures, bonds, fees and length of commission vary from state to state.
Powers of attorney are legal agreements you can use for a wide variety of purposes. These documents allow one person to give another the right to make decisions on his behalf. While each state sets its own laws about how a power of attorney must be drafted, similarities exist that can get you on the right path. When drafting a power of attorney, you must make sure you comply with the relevant state requirements before the document can be completed.
According to the Ohio Department of Safety, there were 125,191 motor vehicle accidents in the state in 2008. As a result of the accidents, 774 people were killed and another 48,342 were injured. The Ohio State Highway Patrol investigated 22,635 motor vehicle accidents in 2009. This figure does not include the number of accidents investigated by other agencies. More than 1,020 people lost their lives statewide in 2009 as a result of motor vehicle accidents on public highways and freeways. Traffic and accident laws in Ohio are governed by the state's Revised Code and the Administrative Code.
There is nothing worse than buying a car that spends more time with the mechanic than it does getting you where you need to do. When you are to the point that the mechanic knows your name and the names of your kids, it might be time to invoke the lemon law. Ohio has a three-day lemon law, so if your car is not operating as promised, you can be compensated for your inconvenience and secure a more reliable vehicle.
The laws governing Ohio condominium associations are primarily located in Chapter 5311, "Condominium Property," of the Ohio Revised Code. This chapter includes statutes that directly affect condominium properties, owners and associations. In addition, miscellaneous regulations that indirectly affect condominium associations are found throughout the Ohio Administrative Code.
Grandparents in Ohio can request visitation rights from the court under several circumstances. The court must have pre-existing jurisdiction through a divorce, custody or other proceeding involving the child. If it is found to be in the best interests of the child to visit with the grandparent, then the court will grant visitation rights.
Love knows no bounds, but it can be impacted by the law. Like every other state, Ohio regulates what kind of conduct people can engage in with others depending on the ages of the people involved. While dating a minor may not necessarily be illegal, certain activities are prohibited in Ohio.
Federal statute dictates national minimum standards concerning child abandonment and neglect, yet individual states determine whether or not each case should be handled in civil or criminal court. A "child," according to Ohio statute, is anyone under the age of 18. Although the terms child abandonment and child neglect are sometimes used interchangeably, the state of Ohio distinguishes between the two.
The state of Ohio regulates companies that remove asbestos, individuals that inspect buildings for asbestos-containing materials and conduct asbestos air sampling and companies that provide asbestos training. Ohio laws also regulate the disposal of asbestos and emission of asbestos during removal. In addition, the state requires building owners to disclose the presence of asbestos when selling or transferring ownership.
Every state has specific laws to protect children from abuse and neglect. Understanding these laws is the key to understanding your rights as a child or as a parent. The state of Ohio has several key laws on the books regarding child abuse and neglect.
Most teens look forward to the day when they can drive. With the privilege of driving comes responsibility. Minors need to know and follow more laws than adult drivers. These laws are designed to keep themselves, their passengers and other drivers safe on the road. A new law was enacted in Ohio on January 4, 2007. Effective April 6, 2007, a few regulations concerning teen driving have been changed.
A community relies on a septic tank to work properly. It must work in a way that enables it to dispose of waste, whether it is solid or liquid. To this end, in Ohio laws concerning the building of these units are specific and strict. The rules set threshold measurements, as well as cutoff figures, for length of the structures which comprise the unit; they also set guidelines for the size and capacity of the unit.
Sometimes called stun guns, tasers have become an increasingly common nonlethal weapon. While often used by law enforcement or security officers, tasers can also be owned and used by citizens. The state of Ohio and municipalities therein have laws governing such weapons, though these are not always applicable everywhere in the state.
Many states have passed mandatory children's seat belt usage laws, and some have made not using your seat belt a stoppable offense. Though each state has individual seat belt laws, it is important to know what your state expects and enforces.
On October, 7, 2009, Ohio's child restraint law got tougher. In 2007, booster seat usage was just 18 percent among 4-to-8-year olds in 2007, according to the Ohio Department of Health (ODH). In response, the state made booster seats mandatory for children who outgrow their child safety seats. The new law received top marks from the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).
According to a 2010 story in the Springfield News, an Ohio study shows that 38,000 to 56,000 children are the victims of domestic violence yearly in the state. That same study shows that 88,000 to 115,000 Ohio adults are also victims of violence in the home by an intimate partner. Ohio legislators have enacted laws designed to curb domestic violence, bring aid to its victims, and protect them from further potential harm.
Every state in the U.S. has laws requiring children below a certain age to be restrained by either a car seat or a booster. In Ohio, a child must be restrained in a booster seat once he outgrows the car seat, but can also be restrained by an adult seat belt once he reaches 8 years of age.
Ohio clubs and fraternal organizations were hit hard in 2009 by thieves who were on the lookout for opportunities to strike, according to Attorney General Richard Cordray. The state investigated a rash of theft complaints across Ohio, which, Cordray said, occurred at businesses that carry vast amounts of cash on premise because of fundraising. Cordray said the targeted entities and others can thwart the thieves by making regular bank deposits, installing alarms and video cameras and ensuring that building exits and entrances are well lit. Cordray's recommendations and laws enacted by the state legislature in past years have kept theft…
Seat belt laws in Ohio are secondary, but may be primary in the future (Ref. 3). This means law enforcement officials must have a reason, other than the fact you aren't wearing a seat belt, to pull you over. If after pulling you over, they discover you are violating the state's law, you can be fined. Seat belts can help save lives, and Ohio has specific rules regarding this law.
For those facing a car repossession in the state of Ohio, it is important to know the laws regarding automobile repossession. There are specific laws in place designed to protect consumers, therefore it is important to know your rights if it comes down to having your vehicle repossessed.
For dry cleaners, the problem of customers leaving unclaimed garments with them is a common one. The law governing these types of issues varies from state to state. In some regions, the dry cleaner can donate any unclaimed garments to charity after set time. In other areas, the dry cleaner can sell the items after attempting to contact the customer to arrange for the items to be picked up and paid for.
The state of Ohio has a number of laws to protect children who are abandoned, abused or neglected within their families. It is important for social workers and child welfare caseworkers to know these laws, of course. But it also is important that the laws be understood by teachers and others who might come into contact with children living in an abusive environment.
The Ohio Revised Code defines a medical record or document as any documentation or combination of documents that pertains to a patient's medical history, diagnosis, prognosis or medical condition, and that is produced and maintained in the process of the patient's health care treatment. The code specifies requirements for medical records retention.
Accidents involving cell phone use have been rising steadily across the United States. With the increase in smart phones, which allow Internet access, gaming, and a wide variety of multimedia, the chance of being distracted has grown substantially. The state of Ohio does not yet have statewide cell phone laws, but as of March 2010 was taking steps to curb cell phone use by drivers.
Increasing crime rates have caused concern for people who previously would never have considered carrying a weapon of any kind. In order to protect themselves, many choose to carry non-lethal weapons, such as defensive sprays. There are three different types of defensive sprays, each with its own chemical makeup. All three defensive sprays are legal in all U.S. 50 states; however, certain states may have restrictions regarding usage, possession and sale. The state of Ohio is one of several states that do not have any restrictions for usage, purchasing, sales or possession.
As the name implies, tire chains are chains that are put on tires, usually to help the vehicle move through snow or other wintry conditions. The rules and regulations for tire chains vary from state to state, but generally all state laws make the use of chains permissible in bad weather such as snow, ice or heavy rain.
The installation, care and maintenance of on-site waste disposal systems, or septic tanks, is overseen by the Ohio Department of Health and the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. Although rules vary depending on local jurisdiction, Chapter 3701-29 of the Ohio Administrative Code and Ohio Revised Code 3718 contain statutes governing the disposal of waste in the state of Ohio.
Computer crime involves any illegal trespass of a computer system to commit or facilitate fraud. Some of the most common computer crimes include hacking, computer viruses, identity theft and phishing. As technology continues to advance, these and many new computer crimes are becoming increasingly sophisticated. To this end, code 2913.01, et seq. is used in prosecuting computer crimes to the highest extent of the law in Ohio.
Endangering a child means putting a child in harm's way by creating a substantial risk to a child's health, safety or mental well-being. It is a crime to endanger a child due to recklessness or neglect. In Ohio, offenders charged with endangering a child may be sent to jail or a workhouse for a period of time determined by a judge.
There are many good reasons to hire a teenager to work for your Ohio business. They often require only minimum wage and are willing to work evening hours, holidays and weekends, when full-time employees typically want to spend time with friends and family. There are laws to protect minors in the state of Ohio. The Fair Labor Standards Act regulates the standards by which employers must abide, according to the United States Department of Labor website.
Truck drivers haul a lot of cargo around the country, and laws control and regulate their movements. Drivers with a commercial driver's license (CDL) must obey laws designed to limit and regulate truck weight loads. In Ohio, these laws set the weight limits CDL drivers must meet and they lay out the penalties for violations.
Spousal support (also known as alimony) is one of the more contentious and hotly contested issues in divorce law. Individual states deal with the concept differently. There is currently a move afoot in Ohio by family law attorneys to create legal, black-and-white guidelines for spousal support and a uniformity of alimony awards, just as there are for child support obligations. Opponents of this move worry that it could make litigants expect that alimony is an entitlement rather than a consideration on a case-by-case basis.
Homeowners insurance protects your home from unforeseen disasters, such as fire, but it can also help you with something as simple and avoidable as water damage from a leaking sink, or as unusual as the letter carrier tripping over your hose and breaking his leg. The states regulate the licensed insurance carriers in their state, so what you can, and must be covered for, may be different in Ohio than elsewhere.
A payday advance is a short-term loan a borrower takes out with the intention of repaying it with his next paycheck. Because of the short-term nature of payday advances, the interest rates on these loans are typically very high. Every state, including Ohio, has laws regarding payday advances or payday loans.
Ohio workers' compensation laws provide specific provisions governing all issues related to workplace injuries. Both employers and employees must comply with these provisions. If you work, or plan to work in Ohio, you may find it helpful to understand some of these laws. If you are injured in the workplace, the law allows you, the claimant, to receive restitution.
Payday loans have the name because the lender has traditionally expected payment on the borrower's payday. They are short-term, high-interest loans that have come under significant criticism by those who believe that they trap the poor in a cycle of debt. The lenders require borrowers to turn over a post-dated check to pay principal, interest and fees. In 2008, Ohio approved the Short-Term Loan Act, which, among other things, limited the interest rate on payday loans to 28 percent. Prior to passage of the Act, payday loans charged upward of 300 percent in interest and fees.
Renting a home or apartment can be a risky enterprise, with tenants dependent on the landlord to provide and maintain a safe and comfortable place to live. To protect both parties, each state has laws specifying the rights and responsibilities of tenants and landlords. In Ohio, the requirements for landlords cover a wide range of issues and give tenants an added measure of security.
Display of both front and rear license plates is required by law in Ohio for most motor vehicles, according to section 4503.21 of the Ohio Revised Code. Violators of this law are guilty of a minor misdemeanor and may be charged a fine of up to $150.
There are basically two types of flashing light driving laws in the state of Ohio. The first type of flashing light driving law deals with what a driver should do when encountering a flashing light. These laws instruct drivers what to do when encountering emergency vehicles and traffic lights, for example. The other type of flashing light driving law deals with the types of flashing lights permitted for drivers to use on their own vehicles.
The complexity of a will varies greatly depending on your circumstances. Do-it-yourself books can assist you in preparing simple wills. On the other hand, an experienced attorney may be needed if your requirements in a will are more complicated. Ohio law regulates wills regardless of how intricate the will may be.
Until children become legal adults, their decision-making power is vested in their parents. However, the parents will not be available to make the decisions for their children at all times. In cases when a minor is traveling or staying with her grandparents, a power of attorney form will let grandparents make decisions that only a parent could otherwise make. For example, they can take the child to the hospital if medical care is needed. While you can create a power of attorney yourself, understand that it is a complex legal document.
The process for obtaining a driver's license in Ohio varies depending on your circumstances. For everyone, the journey starts at the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles, where you apply for a driver's license. You must be at least 15 1/2 years old and will need parental consent if you are under 18.
When it comes to child safety, Ohio and most other states are extremely clear about what is required of motorists who transport children. Ohio state law requires all children riding in vehicles in the state to be properly secured in the vehicle. Factors such as the type of vehicle and the age of the child determine the specific state laws that apply. It is important to learn the laws and understand how they apply to children of varying ages and sizes.
In the city of Canton, Ohio, in an effort to beautify the city, lawmakers have created Ordinance 551.02 to get negligent homeowners to keep their grass cut. This law states that if you have grass 8 inches or higher, you can be subject to stiff penalties.
Ohio's "Lemon Law" protects buyers of new cars that require repeated repairs. It entitles buyers to a refund or replacement if certain conditions are met.
Golf carts have been a preferred method of transportation in some resort communities for decades. Now, some Ohio communities have opened the streets to golf carts. Golf cart laws, though, outline what is and what is not allowed on public roads in the state. Breaking the laws can lead to arrest and prosecution.
On Nov. 7, 2006, Ohio became the 12th state and the first tobacco farming state in the Midwest to approve a smoking ban in public places. Eighty-two percent of Ohio's counties voted to pass the smoking ban law.
Headlights are standard equipment on all motor vehicles. The laws on headlight use are determined by the states, and though there are some small differences, the relevant laws are similar throughout the U.S.
The three primary differences in bankruptcy among the states are the local rules of the Bankruptcy Districts, the median income for the means test, and the property exemptions. Each bankruptcy district has its own local rules for the precise procedure for filing documents, paying fees and calculating deadlines. The means test is based on the state median income, which determines the chapter under which a debtor can file. Finally, each state has the option of using standard federal property exemptions or creating its own exemptions.
Ohio land laws encompass the use and permitted zoning related to land around the state. The Land Use Control laws explain the rules regarding limited use, zoning, development, variances, land plats, planning systems and spot zoning. Municipalities and counties can add to the state laws governing the sale, use and zoning to land plats in their legislative areas.
Driving in the state of Ohio is regulated by the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles. This office of the Ohio Department of Public Safety administers tests to ensure that drivers are competent and familiar with Ohio's driving laws. Although many of Ohio's laws are similar to those of other states, it is important for drivers to be familiar with Ohio's specific laws to ensure legal compliance and driver safety.
Check-cashing laws in Ohio changed under the direction of House Bill 545 in 2008. The new legislation limited the number of times per year an adult could apply for a check-cashing loan, as well as the amount of money a check-cashing business could lend a customer. A referendum petition to repeal the new legislation was circulated in early 2009 and may be placed on the ballot during the fall election.
Ohio has a graduated licensing program, which means teen-age drivers gradually earn the privileges associated with a driver's license. This encourages teen drivers to gain more practice behind the wheel before driving in conditions considered more dangerous, particularly at night.
A divorce takes an emotional toll on husband, wife and children. Kids thrive on stability and comfort. Children may feel that they'd rather be with their mother and each other, rather than with the father. Or, they may feel that the mother was abusive, and the father is a good parent. Courts in the Buckeye State use Ohio's Child Custody and Visitation Statute (Section §3109.04). The information here is a summary based on this statute (see Resources).
Self-defense laws are a common theme on television legal dramas and police shows. While the laws do exist, they operate under specific circumstances. Like all such laws, Ohio's self-defense laws have various nuances that play a key role in how they are enforced, as well as the addition of recent other laws that influence the legal importance of self-defense.