Small shrubs with a slow growth rate are popular in landscapes that require fillers and ground coverage with little maintenance. Many of these shrubs, some known as dwarf shrubs, are foundation plants in landscape beds and can form hedges and borders along sidewalks and streets. Because they often have attractive foliage, these shrubs are also common in decorative planters.
Boxwoods are popular foundation plants that have small leaves and a compact form. Both the Littleleaf Boxwood and the Dwarf Boxwood are slow growers that prefer warmer climates and partial shade. These shrubs typically grow 3 to 4 feet high with a spread of 3 to 5 feet. Boxwoods are common hedge shrubs in landscapes.
Holly shrubs include several slow-growing varieties such as dwarf Chinese holly, Japanese holly and dwarf Yaupon holly. These popular southern shrubs produce small flowers and red berries. Holly shrubs are generally 3 to 4 feet in width and height and prefer sunny locations, but can also tolerate partial shade. The dense, rounded habit and spiny leaves of some varieties makes these shrubs popular foundation and filler plants in landscapes.
Dwarf Indicia Azaleas
Dwarf Indicia azaleas grow throughout southern climates as ground covers. These smaller azaleas grow 1 to 2 feet in height and width and enjoy partial shade locations. This dwarf variety produces large, white or pink flowers in early summer providing color and interest to the landscape.
Varieties of small juniper shrubs grow throughout the United States as ground covers. Two popular types are the Japgarden juniper and the Prince of Wales juniper. These shrubs enjoy sun to partial shade and grow 1 to 2 feet tall with a width of 6 to 12 feet. Junipers are generally heat and drought tolerant.
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