Fences come in many varieties and styles and serve many different purposes. Some fence parts are universal to all fence types, such as the material used to make the base sturdy, while other parts are unique to specific types of fences. Wooden fences, for example, have traditional fence posts, while wire fences generally do not.
The main component to a fence is its posts. The posts are the stakes that run the length of the fence and are usually set 3 to 10 inches apart. Posts can come in wood, fiberglass or steel. Certain types of fences, such as wire fences, may have only a few, such as corner posts.
Fences with few posts are often made of wire. Barbed wire fences or other cross-hatched wire fences are often used as security fences to keep intruders out or keep animals in. Such security fences can also be made of steel or concrete. Some municipalities use wire or concrete fences to keep their areas safe.
Most fences use nails as the element to attach the posts together. Though not a featured part of the fence, nails are critically important to a fence's stability. Other fences use wire to attach the posts. Small fences that are meant to be decorative rather than functional occasionally use glue as the attaching agent.
Concrete or Dirt Base
Most fences need to be properly secured in the ground in order to be solid. The fence posts can be packed in either concrete or dirt for stability. Concrete is sturdier but is more expensive and harder to install.
Electrical Wire and Insulation
Electric fencing, such as fencing used to keep farm animals contained in a certain space, often gives off an electric charge. The electric charge comes from wire that is embedded throughout the fencing. In addition to the wire, these fences also have insulating material in order to keep them as safe as possible.
Depending on the purpose of the fence, it may have decorative elements to it, such as gingerbread trim. Picket fences used in from of residential properties occasionally have a decorative gate in the middle of the fence for access to the property. Fences may also have decorative paint or other ornamental details on them.
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