What Are the Responsibilities of an Ophthalmologist?

An ophthalmologist is a physician that see patients for diseases and injuries of the eye, as well as vision issues. Some of the eye diseases that ophthalmologists commonly treat are cataracts and glaucoma. He is a highly trained physician that has the ability to diagnose eye-related disorders. Ophthalmologists can often be the first physician to detect disorders such as diabetes or multiple sclerosis.

  1. Diagnosing

    • Ophthalmologists diagnose cornea and external diseases of the eye, such as eyelids, sclera and conjunctiva. He is able to locate corneal tumors and microbial infections by performing specialized exams. His duties also include examining the anterior ocular manifestations of a patient's systematic diseases. He uses ultrasounds in diagnosing vitreoretinal diseases. Some of the ophthalmologist's other duties are diagnosing pink eye and corneal allergies. Patients that suffer from excess tearing, double vision, or misaligned eyes are likely to visit an ophthalmologist for an examination. He determines when patients need to return for follow-ups, based on the exam results. Examinations test visual acuity, eyelid function, eye muscle coordination, pupil response to light and inner eye pressure. An ophthalmologist sometimes uses eye drops to dilate the patient's eyes during the examination process, for further testing.

    Treatment

    • An ophthalmologist is responsible for prescribing glasses and contact lenses to improve vision problems, such as nearsightedness. He treats diseases that can possibly lead to optic nerve damage. An ophthalmologist usually treats eye problems in children and adults, and it is his duty to treat developmental and genetic abnormalities. Ophthalmologists treat the diseases that impact the vitreous and retina. He applies treatment methods like laser therapy and cryotherapy.

    Surgery

    • An ophthalmologist performs simple and complex eye surgeries on patients with eye issues. He is trained to be able to perform corneal and corneal transplant surgeries, to correct refractive problems. Ophthalmologists are responsible for performing upper facial reconstructive procedures, caused from trauma and tumors. He also has the opportunity to perform retinal detachment surgeries that are used to treat vitreoretinal disease. Ophthalmologists perform surgeries to correct tear duct malfunction, eye removal and eye socket reconstruction.

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