Vegetables That Grow Best in Pots on My Deck

Vegetables That Grow Best in Pots on My Deck thumbnail
Some vegetables, like tomatoes, can be started by seed indoors in late winter.

Growing vegetables in pots isn't just for apartment dwellers. Homeowners can take advantage of pots on a deck or in the yard when ground space is limited. Using pots to grow vegetables also provides the option to raise the level of containers for ease in caring for the plants. Choose pots with drain holes and saucers to capture overflow water to avoid water damage to the deck.

  1. Sunlight

    • The type of vegetable grown in pots is dependent on how much sunshine the area receives. A Master Gardener article prepared by the University of Arizona Cooperative Extension says, "Generally, root crops and leaf crops can tolerate partial shade, but vegetables grown for their fruits generally need at least 5 hours of full, direct sunlight each day, and perform better with 8 to 10 hours." Measure the amount of sunlight between 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. in the summer. That's when the sun is hottest. Three to four hours without direct sunlight is considered partial shade.

    Fruit-Bearing Vegetables

    • Vegetables suitable for pots and that need full sun include tomatoes, peppers and green beans (pole or bush variety). Each can be started indoors in late winter, if desired, or can be planted outdoors by seed or starter plant in the spring after danger of frost. Tomatoes and pole beans will need a cage or other type of support. Insert the cage into the pot and tie the top of cage to the deck railing for added support.

      Tomato varieties best suited for potting include Toy Boy, Tiny Tim, Patio and Small Fry. Pepper plant options include Keystone Resistant Giant and Yolo Wonder. Look for bush bean varieties like Greencrop or Kentucky wonder, or Blue Lake for pole beans.

    Root and Leaf Vegetables

    • Root and leaf vegetables can tolerate partial shade and also do well in full sun. When the edible part of the plant grows underground, it is considered a root vegetable plant. Green onions and radishes are two root vegetables, and they can grow in shallow containers, like a window flower box. Try Evergreen Bunching or Beltsville Bunching green onions, or Cherry Belle or Scarlet Globe radishes. Plant these root vegetables by seed directly in the pots in the spring after danger of frost.

      Leaf lettuce, a leaf vegetable, is also planted outdoors by seed in the spring. Leaf lettuce varieties nicely suited for container gardening include Bibb, Romaine and Dark Green Boston.

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  • Photo Credit Milk & Honey Creative/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images

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