Types of Russian Furs


Between the 16th and 18th centuries, Russia took control of the world's fur trade in part by taming the harsh landscape of Siberia. The country has exported a variety of furs, as well as fur garments, including hats, coats and shawls. There are types of furs that are recognized as being native to Russia.

Siberian Squirrel

Although many types of squirrel pelts are traded all over the world and made into fur garments, Siberian squirrels are highly coveted. These blue-grey pelts are considered to be the best type of squirrel fur. They were worn by aristocracy in the Middle Ages. Designers favor this fur because of its softness and light weight. These furs are fragile and not very warm. In 2010, prices ranged from $5,000 to $15,000, depending on the quality and type of garment.


This type of fur comes from a lamb that is native to more than one location, Russia being one of them. This is a highly perishable fur, especially if it's dyed, and it's not meant to be worn every day. It's more suitable for a person who owns more than one fur and makes broadtail an occasional choice for wear. This fur is lightweight, sleek and black. The pelts are so thin that instead of being made into outerwear they're commonly made into suits, skirts and dresses. This fur comes from specific unborn or stillborn lambs. The lambs are never killed for the pelt of the unborn, which makes the broadtail fur scarce and in higher demand.

Fitch and Corsac

Fitch is a type of fur that can be mistaken for mink. It's native to several locations, but the distinctive white fitch is the best quality and is native to Siberia. The highest quality of Russian fitch pelts are more expensive than mink. Corsac is a type of fox that comes from Siberia. The corsac, unlike many other furs native to Russia, wears less well than other types of fox. Fox is internationally popular and has native versions in every fur-trading country.

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