Medline Plus writes that smoking causes 87 percent of lung cancer deaths and is harmful to every organ in the body. The only solution for smoking problems is to quit. While this is a difficult and painful process, there are several options for smokers who want to quit. The office of the Surgeon General for the United States advises that smokers devise a plan that involves three steps: set a quit date, get support and get medicine. Additionally, there are many options for setting up a schedule to reduce smoking gradually.
Set a Quit Date
Setting a definite goal is the best way to achieve it. By giving yourself a specific date on which you will completely quit smoking, you give yourself a defined point from which you can move forward.
The surgeon general's office advises removing all accessories that might encourage you to smoke, including ash trays, extra packs or lighters. Also, make a clear rule that no one is allowed to smoke in your home.
Tell Your Friends and Family
Arrange for someone to keep you accountable. The surgeon general's office recommends telling your family and friends so they can encourage you. They can also serve as a check; if you slip up, have a predesignated person to call, who can remind you why you are quitting and help you get back on track.
Tell Your Doctor
Your doctor will have sound advice and tools to help you stay on the path to quitting.
The surgeon general's office recommends that people trying to quit smoking have some kind of nicotine supplement handy. These are readily available over the counter and in several forms, including patches, gum or lozenges.
Make a Schedule
If you prefer, quit smoking gradually, setting firm dates at which you will reduce the amount of tobacco you inhale. Medline Plus advises consultation with a doctor or other expert to set up a plan.