Pore size is determined by genetics and skin type, according to Toronto cosmetic dermatologist Dr. Lisa Kellett. Sun damage and smoking are other factors that affect pore size. Pores can appear larger because of too much oil or too little collagen. While you can not make pores smaller, some cosmetic procedures can make pores appear smaller.
Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical cosmetic procedure in which the outermost layer of skin is sloughed off. The process removes oil and black heads from the pores and also stimulates collagen production. Removing the oil from pores makes pores appear smaller and collagen helps pores stay tight. Microdermabrasion is performed through the usage of a microderm machine. This machine uses crystals to exfoliate the skin’s surface. This procedure takes about 45 minutes and is considered low-risk.
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This non-invasive cosmetic procedure uses a laser to improve the appearance of large pores. IPL stimulates collagen production and this helps pores appear smaller. IPL removes fine lines, age spots, and skin damage. IPL is performed by a machine that sends pulses of light into the skin. As the light hits the skin it is transformed into heat.
This procedure sloughs off a layer of skin with acid. Acid is applied to the face, left on for a few minutes and rinsed off. Skin will flake and slough off for a period of days. This procedure minimizes pore size and promotes smooth skin. Chemical peels remove whiteheads and blackheads, reducing the appearance of the pore. There is a possibility of infection following a chemical peel and you can expect a downtime of five days to three weeks, depending on the strength of the peel.
This form of therapy reduces the appearance of pores through decreasing oil production. Some dermatologists recommend using BOTOX in addition to other cosmetic procedures such as IPL to achieve maximum results. According to Dr. David Lohin his article titled "Intradermal BOTOX," intradermal BOTOX is not injected into facial muscles but instead it is injected "on the fine muscles in the skin that control pore size." This cosmetic procedure provides the appearance of "smooth, pore-less, matte and whole-day powdered" skin. Intradermal BOTOX also reduces acne outbreaks and therefore also decreases acne scarring.