Types of Employment Testing


Employers use testing techniques to screen applicants for positions with the business. The interview process uncovers information about the applicant, but employment tests can help to assess whether the employee is the right fit for the job. Applicants may have the required education and experience but still lack the abilities to perform the duties of the job.

Cognitive Abilities Tests

  • Cognitive abilities tests measure the applicant’s ability to perform basic math and reading comprehension, as well as the candidate's knowledge of the job. The questions on the tests can measure the applicant’s ability to use logic and reasoning to solve problems. Employers can use cognitive tests to measure the candidates ability to perform job-related duties. These employment tests can be used to determine the candidate’s speed in performing job tasks.

Personality Tests

  • Personality tests can determine the candidate’s ability to fit into the work environment. A personality test cannot be failed, but instead shows how well the applicant will handle the job duties and workplace. Some jobs are better suited to an introverted personality, while other positions may work well for an extrovert. Employers determine in advance the ideal personality traits of an employee and gather the results from the personality assessment test to find the most suitable workers.

Physical Tests

  • Employers may use a physical test to determine whether a candidate has the physical strength to perform the duties of the job. For instance, positions such as stocking shelves may require lifting and bending. A physical test may simulate the job duties to determine whether the candidate can manage the tasks.

Integrity Questionnaires

  • Some employers use questionnaires to measure the applicant’s honesty and integrity. These tests usually consist of scenarios that allow the applicant to make decisions about the possible action that should be taken. Integrity questionnaires also ask applicants about past experiences that assess the candidate's honesty and ethics. Questions regarding the applicant’s interests can help to determine future behavior on the job.

Assessment Tests

  • Employment agencies use assessment tests to find the ideal position for a job applicant. The tests are designed to measure the applicant’s skills in particular areas such as organization or planning. The tests can help candidates find the position that best matches skills.

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  • Photo Credit an employment image by Ivan Hafizov from Fotolia.com
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