National Fire and Protection Agency (NFPA) standards are designed to protect fire and rescue workers from occupational and workplace hazards. Although NFPA standards are voluntary, NFPA regulation wording incorporated into Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) standards and regulations for fire stations are mandatory.
NFPA 1521 requires fire departments to appoint a safety officer qualified to identify health and safety hazards and ensure hazards are corrected. For example, safety officers conduct safety training programs for the department, ensure the compliance of safety polices and approve safety features of apparatuses, clothing and equipment.
The NFPA 1561 standard on fire department incident management systems coordinates the management of emergency incidents to ensure the health and safety of fire department members. This standard requires fire departments to coordinate with other agencies involved in emergency incidents, as well as ensure rest and rehabilitation for members at the incident.
NFPA 1581 sets minimum guidelines for infection control in the fire station, at incident scenes and other areas of fire department operations. This standard addresses disinfecting, cleaning and storing procedures for infection control, as well as training and education for firefighters concerning infection control.
NFPA 1582 sets medical requirements and guidelines for firefighters to ensure each firefighter is physically fit and capable of performing firefighting duties. Additionally, this standard addresses the medical evaluation process and a list of conditions that could prevent a fire department member from performing the required duties of a firefighter and those conditions that could present a risk to others.
NFPA 1901 sets the minimum requirements for new automotive pumper fire apparatuses, including vehicles equipped with fire pumps, water tanks, hoses, as well as optional water towers. This standard addresses purchasing new fire apparatuses, writing apparatus specifications, evaluating proposals and awarding contracts for such apparatuses.