Daycare centers provide a safe, nurturing environment in which to care for infants and children. A daycare center may be set up in a commercial facility designed to accommodate many children and several employees to provide care. A daycare may also be run out of a private home in which one individual provides care for up to four children at one time. The educational requirements for a daycare director or owner may vary according to state and facility license.
The educational requirements for a home daycare vary significantly according to the state regulations concerning home daycare operations. Some states allow an individual to operate an unlicensed home daycare with up to four children and no requirements concerning education. A licensed home daycare can accept more children and hire additional employees, but the owner or director may be required to hold at least an associate's degree in early childhood development or a related field. Other states require all home daycare facilities be licensed, and some have educational requirements regardless of the daycare licensing status. If you are interested in opening a home daycare, verify the legal requirements in your state.
Individuals working in a licensed, commercial daycare facility are typically required to be enrolled in or have completed at least some coursework in childhood development studies. To be eligible to run a commercial daycare on behalf of an owner or as the owner, you would typically be required to hold an associate's, bachelor's or master's degree in education, child psychology, early childhood development or health and human services. The training provided by these educational degree programs provides the knowledge needed to identify childhood illnesses, provide quality care, effectively interact with parents, note possible signs of abuse and take appropriate action according to state laws.
If you plan to run any sort of business out of your home, business training will prove to be a valuable asset for your success. With a degree or certificate in business administration, you can learn about the benefits of incorporating a business, the tax implications of running a business, and how to manage payroll and accounting for the business. A degree or certificate in business management will also make you a more desirable applicant if you decide to apply for a management or director position within a retail daycare operation.
First Aid and CPR
Any individual who chooses to own, operate or work in a daycare facility should be licensed in CPR and First Aid regardless of state requirements. Many adults who may otherwise be fully qualified to care for children do not know valuable techniques that could save a life in the event a child begins to choke or becomes injured. Certification in First Aid and CPR adds another layer of protection for children in a daycare center.