Africa is the second largest continent in area, second only to Asia. This continent is replete with natural wonders. The savannahs, rainforests and especially the unique wildlife all add to Africa’s appeal. Many species of flowering plants native to Africa have become common house and garden plants in the United States.
African violets are some of the most well-known African exports in the United States. A common houseplant, the small sized perennial produces violet, dark purple, pink, near white and blue-tinted flowers. African violets adapt well to indoor life. They require moderate humidity, temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit and light watering. Place near a window so that plant receives direct sunlight.
African daisies come from the nation of South Africa, and have yellow, pink, white and purple flowers. A perennial, African daisies average twelve to eighteen inches in height. Long blooming, the plant will produce flowers from April through August. African daisies require full sun and are commonly planted along roadsides and floral gardens, and are ideal for arid regions in the United States.
The impala lily, another South African flower species, is a winter-blooming plant. Classified as a deciduous succulent shrub, it grows 2 to 9 feet tall. For most of the year, the plant does not produce leaves or flowers. Flowers and leaves will begin to develop on the plant in winter, and they will last until summer. The flowers are white and pink, and bloom in clusters. According to Plantsafrica.com, locals use the impala lily as a source of fish and arrow poison, making the plant useful for hunting.
Proteas are African flowers with a distinctive floral nature. Their name comes from the Greek god Proteus, the god of shape changing, because the flowers' various shapes. Acclaimed for its large flowers, some larger than six inches in diameter, and vibrant colors, proteas are used in specialty florist shops and are used for bouquets of flowers.
The African iris is a perennial flower originating from southern Africa. The plant stems from a bulb and blooms in early spring. The bulbs can be planted at any time of the year. The Africa iris thrives in areas with full sun. During the growing period in spring, water your plant daily, as African irises require constant moisture while developing. African irises are very subject to weeds, so remove any weeds near your planting site.