Avocados are a fruit that belong to the berry family and are a native of South and Central America. The fruit has a large oval pit and a butter smooth texture. Avocados grow on evergreen, medium to large trees with large, leathery foliage. Being tropical, avocado trees are most well suited to frost-free areas and have very low tolerance for cold. The trees grow best in well-drained soil and in areas of full sun with ample protection against possible cold winds.
Hass avocados are the leading avocado variety grown in California. The fruit is harvested throughout the year and has a good shelf life. The skin of the oval shaped fruit changes color from green to purplish-black upon ripening. Hass avocado is easy to peel, has a small- to medium-sized seed and a very strong flavor. The weight of the average fruit is 5 to 12 oz. and the skin is pebbly and pliable. The fruit has a light green flesh and creamy texture.
Fuerte avocado is considered the original high-quality California avocado and is harvested from late fall and into spring. The fruit pear shaped with a medium-size seed. The medium- to large-sized mature fruit ranges in weight between 5 to 14 oz. and is easy to peel. The peel is smooth, thin and green and the inner flesh is creamy to light green. Fuerte avocado does not change color upon ripening but remains green. When ripe, the fruit opens with gentle pressure.
Gwen avocado is very similar in taste, look and texture to Hass avocado but is slightly larger in size. The fruit is plumper and rounded with a small to medium seed. The fruit is easy to peel and has a well-developed flavor. The weight of the mature fruit ranges between 6 to 15 oz. and the skin is thick and pebbly yet pliable. The flesh is between creamy to gold-green. When Gwen avocados ripen, the green skin takes on a dull shade.
Pinkerton avocados are one of the top winter varieties. The fruit has a small seed and produces a greater quantity of fruit per tree compared to other varieties. The sizes of the long, pear-shaped fruit also differ greatly and range in weight between 8 to 18 oz. Pinkerton is harvested from early winter and into spring. The fruit is high in taste and peels very well. The green skin is moderately thick with some pebbling and changes to a dark green as fruit ripens. The flesh is creamy to light green.
- Photo Credit avocado, organic image by Astroid from Fotolia.com
Rich in fiber, heart-healthy fats, phytochemicals, vitamins and minerals and cholesterol-free, avocados may help lower your risk of certain chronic medical conditions...
How Big Do Avocado Trees Get?
Native to Mexico, the avocado tree includes three races from which horticulturists created many hybrids. In the wild, avocado trees can reach...
How to Graft Avocado Trees
Skillful gardeners in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 can try their hand at grafting avocado trees (Persea...
How to Grow Hass Avocado Trees
The Hass avocado is named for Rudolph Hass, who planted the first one in his orchard in the 1920s, and is famous...
How to Grow Avocado Trees in California
“California is the leading producer of domestic avocados and home to about 90 percent of the nation's crop," according to the California...
Is My Avocado Tree a Type A or Type B?
Avocado trees are broad-leaved evergreens in warm U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 8 through 11. They grow to a mature height...