There are many areas of specialization a counselor can pursue. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, all types of counselors must have a minimum of a master's degree to become licensed. Once a counselor has completed his basic education, he may choose to devote more time to study and specialize in a specific type of counseling. If you are in need of counseling, choose the professional that is best qualified to assist with your specific issues.
Marriage and Family Counseling
A marriage, family and child counselor, or MFCC, assists people in having healthy relationships within a family structure. Some issues that a MFCC may help a family or individual work through are bereavement, substance abuse, domestic violence, depression, adolescent behavior, infertility and marital problems.
A rehabilitation counselor supports physically, mentally and emotionally disabled individuals in leading fuller lives and achieving career and personal goals. Rehabilitation counselors are often employed through government programs; however, schools, residential care centers and substance abuse programs are a few of the private sector employers of rehabilitation counselors.
Substance Abuse Counseling
Substance abuse counselors, also known as behavioral disorder counselors, assist people who are trying to recover from alcohol and drug addictions. This type of counseling is particularly challenging because substance abusers typically have many other mental health issues affecting them at the same time. Additionally, relapses are common during the lifelong treatment of substance abuse. Hospitals, clinics, prisons, recovery centers, homeless shelters and government departments are all potential employers of substance abuse counselors.
Guidance and Career Counseling
Guidance and career counselors work with students at many levels, offering academic, career and vocational advice. These professionals may assist with job placement as well as offer career guidance. A guidance and career counselor may be employed by a high school, college, vocational or career center or the unemployment office.
Mental Health Counseling
A mental health counselor, or MHC, is trained to assist people suffering from a variety of mental health issues. Mental health counseling is a broad term that typically refers to the level of training a counselor receives before she specializes in substance abuse, marriage and family, career or rehabilitation counseling. A MHC may work with individuals to address addiction, stress, depression, marital issues or anger management.
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