Types of Disaster Management

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There are many different types of disasters, both natural and man made, which occur in various countries throughout the world. When these disasters occur, an array of management teams are mobilized to properly clean up and manage these disasters. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) has specific ways of dealing with different disasters.

The National Hurricane Program

  • The National Hurricane Program has been set up by a number of different federal management agencies, including FEMA, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), the National Weather Service and the United States Transportation Administration and the Army Corps of Engineers. These organizations work closely with one another during hurricane season, pinpointing where a hurricane will make land fall and what areas need to be evacuated. They also determine which roads should remain opened and be closed and where shelters need to be set up. This helps to mitigate the negative affects of a hurricane, because people are prepared for it.

Nuclear Power Plant Emergency

  • As nuclear power plants become more prevalent, so too, does the possibility of a nuclear power plant disaster. FEMA, as well as the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), have designed plans on how to deal with such a disaster. They have worked closely with local and state governments to develop emergency response plans. Each plan has two specific emergency planning zones, zone one covers the ten-mile radius around the location of the nuclear meltdown, whereas zone two covers a 50-mile radius around the location of the meltdown. This will help all the local, state and federal disaster management organizations safely screen people for radiation poisoning and treat those who have been exposed to radiation because of the disaster.

Earthquakes

  • Much of FEMA's protection and disaster management during earthquakes is monitored and regulated by the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP). Some other organizations in this multi-agency earthquake management program are the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation and the U.S. Geological Survey. Because earthquakes are unpredictable, disaster management entails preparing for earthquakes to strike, knowing what fault lines are active, and locating specific buildings and neighborhoods that are more likely to suffer severe damage should an earthquake strike.

Terrorism

  • The RAND (Research and Development)Corporation has created the Center for Terrorism Risk Management Policy, which works closely with the office of Homeland Security to protect the country from disasters caused by a terrorist attacks. This organization assesses insurance, financial and liability risk in response to a variety of terrorist attacks. At the same time, the federal government has created an entire task force, through Homeland Security, to protect the nation's airports, borders and major cities from terrorist threats, attempts and attacks. If and when an attack occurs, these organizations, along with FEMA, will respond to control the disaster and tend to the injured, assess and investigate how the disaster occurred and determine what needs to be done to keep it from ever happening again.

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