What Are the Duties of an HR Department?


Human resources departments have undergone significant changes in the past 25 years, with the functions increasing to include a broad array of services supporting an organization's employees and management. The generally-accepted ratio of HR department staff to total employees is 1:100. In other words, the HR departmental responsibilities for a mid-size organization with 1,700 employees can be accomplished by an HR department staff of about 17 professionals.

Recruitment, Staffing and Employment

  • Prospective new employees' initial exposure to a company is usually through interaction with an HR recruiter. This area of the HR department is responsible for calculating workforce projections, determining availability of applicants and assessing the suitability of candidates for placement throughout the organization. HR professionals in this area are likely to establish relationships with outside entities such as colleges and universities for recruiting purposes. Recruiters also contact newspapers and other media outlets to advertise vacancies.

Benefits and Compensation

  • Benefits and compensation specialists handle matters concerning the financial aspects of employment. Salary administration, compensation structure, payroll distribution and coordination of benefits such as group health insurance and retirement savings are core duties. Benefits and compensation specialists work to create a company-wide compensation program that is satisfactory to employees yet enhances the firm's profitability.

Employee Relations and Labor Relations

  • The employee relations and labor relations areas of HR are jointly responsible for strengthening the employer-employee relationship. Employee relations representatives resolve employee conflicts, design performance management systems, create employee recognition programs and assess levels of employee satisfaction. Labor relations specialists are concerned with employment issues that involve the unionized workforce. They process grievances, participate in bargaining sessions for union contracts and represent the employer during arbitration, mediation and other dispute resolution processes.

Workplace Safety and Risk Management

  • Depending on the organization, the workplace safety duties of an HR department may vary greatly. Often acting in more of a training than oversight capacity, the workplace safety and risk management section is ultimately responsible for maintaining a safe workplace. Many safety professionals coordinate their efforts with employee relations representatives and benefits specialists to establish guidelines pertaining to issues such as on-the-job injuries and compliance with employment laws and regulations.

HR Training and Development

  • HR training and development is the area responsible for encouraging professional and personal development in the workplace through the delivery of organized learning opportunities. Training and development professionals are well-versed in matters pertaining to needs assessment, curriculum design and developmental strategy. They work to counteract attrition and accompanying declines in workplace skills.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit business colleagues preparing for business meeting image by Vladimir Melnik from Fotolia.com
Promoted By Zergnet



You May Also Like

  • HR Admin Assistant Job Description

    A human resources administrative assistant provides general office support such as screening telephone calls and managing HR executives’ calendars. She also oversees...

  • HR Clerk Job Description

    A human resources, or HR, clerk handles office duties for the human resources department of a company. HR clerks type letters, forward...

  • Job Description for a Hospital Housekeeper

    Hospital housekeepers or cleaners help hospitals, nursing homes and other treatment facilities to fight the spread of infectious diseases. They disinfect healthcare...

  • What Are the Duties of HR?

    People are an organization's most important resource. The Human Resources (HR) department has the ongoing duty of managing all the employee-related aspects...

  • List of HR Duties

    Human resources (HR) professionals play an important role in the ongoing growth and development of businesses and organizations. Those who wish to...

  • Responsibilities of the Human Resources Department

    The human resources department in an organization is generally in charge of management of employees at the organizational level. Core responsibilities include...

  • Human Resource Responsibilities

    Human resource departments handle a variety of personnel and administrative functions within an organization or business, including benefits and compensation, employee training,...

Related Searches

Check It Out

Are You Really Getting A Deal From Discount Stores?

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!