According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the Hawaiian Islands began forming 70 million years ago from the constant eruptions of a chain of volcanoes. Each island, in fact, is made up of several different volcanoes. For those wondering which Hawaiian Islands have volcanoes, the U.S. Geological Survey keeps tab of volcanoes in the area and issues alerts and updates for each one. With a few exceptions, most Hawaiian volcanoes have either been dormant for thousands of years or are extinct and no longer pose a threat.
Hawaii is home to six volcanoes: Lo'ihi, Kilauea, Mauna Loa, Kohala, Hualalai and Mauna Kea. Kilauea is the youngest of the group and probably the most studied. It began erupting in January 2003 and, as of May 2010, is still constantly doing so. Mauna Loa is the largest volcano in the world, making up half of the Island of Hawaii and 85 percent of all the other Hawaiian Islands. It is expected to erupt again, so it's constantly being monitored. Kohala is Hawaii's oldest volcano, though there hasn't been an eruption in more than 120,000 years. Lo'ihi, Hualalai and Mauna Kea have also been quiet, though each one is monitored for changes.
Two volcanoes are on the island of Maui. The Haleakala Volcano forms the Haleakala National Park. There are more than 24,000 acres of wilderness areas here, where you can hike and camp out. Scientists estimate that Haleakala hasn't erupted since somewhere between the mid-1400s to around 1600, but they don't dismiss it as dormant. The West Maui Volcano is the smaller of the two on Maui. It is considered to be extinct and is often referred to as the West Maui Mountains.
Molokai is the fifth largest Hawaiian island. It has the West Molokai Volcano and the East Molokai Volcano. Spanning three miles long, Papohaku Beach on West Molokai is one of the largest white sand beaches in all of Hawaii. However, because Molokai is a less populated island, there aren't many visitors here. The East Molokai Volcano comprises two-thirds of the island of Molokai. Both volcanoes are extinct.
- Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Hawaiian Volcanos
- Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Kīlauea--Perhaps the World's Most Active Volcano
- Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Mauna Loa Earth's Largest Volcano
- Hawaiian Volcano Observatory: Kohala Hawai`i's Oldest Volcano
- U.S. National Park Service: Haleakala--Wilderness Area
- Photo Credit Volcano walk image by Emma Delmonte from Fotolia.com
What Kind of Volcano Made the Hawaiian Islands?
If you're like most people, when you think of a volcano, you picture lots of fire, ash raining down and people running...
The Largest of The Hawaiian Islands
The state of Hawai'i is a chain made up of eight distinct islands in the Pacific Ocean far off the coast of...
Classification of Volcanoes
Classifying volcanoes most often refers to their life cycle (active, dormant or extinct). Volcanoes can also be classified by type, that is,...
Volcanoes That Have Erupted in the Last 100 Years
According to the Global Volcanism Program at the Smithsonian Institute, hundreds of volcanos have erupted in the last century, but most of...