What Are the Eight Phases of the Moon in Order?

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According to NASA, the Moon travels a distance of 382,400 kilometers as it orbits around the Earth during its 29.53 day lunar cycle. Throughout its travels, the Moon waxes and wanes and even becomes invisible to us for a short period. Eight separate phases are recognized during the lunar cycle, and each of them can be enjoyed from the comfort of your own front porch.

When the Moon is waxing it is becoming fuller.
(moon image by Kaarel from Fotolia.com)

When the Moon is between the Earth and the Sun the side that is being lit is facing the Sun. We see its dark side, which means we are unable to see (or can barely detect) the Moon in the night sky. This is called the "new moon cycle" and is considered the beginning of the Moon's phases.

The new moon is not visible.
Dark Sunset image by ssquared from Fotolia.com

The Moon travels eastward in the sky, and a few days after the new moon we can see a slight edge, or crescent, of the Moon lit by the Sun. The common term for this phase is "waxing crescent." Waxing means it is growing larger or fuller.

The waxing crescent moon appears after the new moon.
crescent moon at nightfall image by Wendy Hotalling from Fotolia.com

The first quarter moon is the term used to describe a waxing moon that is exactly half-lit. The Moon is now one fourth of the way through its lunar cycle.

A first quarter moon is illuminated.
half moon image by koko300 from Fotolia.com

When a larger portion of the moon becomes illuminated, it is called a "gibbous moon."

The waxing gibbous moon is getting fuller.
moon image by Alex from Fotolia.com

At the full moon, the Moon's face is completely bright and we see an entire circle in the sky. During this part of the cycle, the full moon rises at almost the very same time the sun is setting.

The Moon is full.
full moon image by Daniel Wiedemann from Fotolia.com

The light on the Moon begins to wane, or grow thinner, and we once again see the gibbous-shaped moon. In this case, it is referred to as a "waning gibbous."

The waning gibbous moon is getting smaller.
the moon image by Craig Hanson from Fotolia.com

The third quarter moon phase is when the Moon is once again half-lit. However, this time the left side of the Moon is illuminated instead of the right as it was at first quarter. The moon is now three fourths of the way through its cycle.

A third quarter moon in waning.
moon image by Amjad Shihab from Fotolia.com

The last phase of the lunar cycle is the waning crescent. The Moon appears as a sliver in the sky before it becomes dark again.

The waning crescent moon is the last phase.
half moon image by Ahmed Zahir from Fotolia.com

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