Navy Seals work mostly in conjuction with USSOCOM's Army, Navy, and Air Force units and occasionally assist the Navy battle staffs in various missions around the world. The goal of the Navy SEALs is to support the military objectives through nine different specialties in the following regions: Middle East; Central and South America; Pacific and Korea; and Europe.
The Direct Action specialty is usually small teams that go on short missions in oversea areas the United States has been forbidden to enter. The mission is usually to either destroy or damage facilities that are of strategic or operational importance. The teams may also be required to capture or recover personnel who are important. The SEALS may accomplish these missions from the land, sea, or air and may be required to use precision weapons. The missions may take place before there are declared hostilities.
This specialty requires SEALs to take steps to prevent as well as respond to terrorism with strategic attacks on terrorist organizations. This is a long-term mission. These missions require SEALs to be highly specialized as it requires unique equipment as well as unique resources. Members of these missions may be deployed overseas at any time. The SEALs assigned to Counterterrorism are responsible for recovering hostages as well as weapons that could be used for mass destruction.
Foreign Internal Defense
Foreign Internal Defense missions occur when foreign countries need assistance in fighting against insurgents within that country's borders. The Navy SEALs' responsibility is to help train the foreign government's military units in various tactical operations on land and sea. SEALs assigned to these units need to have knowledge of the language, land, and culture of the foreign government. Additionally, the SEALs need to have weapons and explosives knowledge as well as advanced medical training in order to assist in these missions.
Unconventional Warfare missions are when Navy SEALs assist and train military or paramilitary operations led by local citizens of overseas governments in order to further United States objectives for political, psychological or military gains. These missions may include guerrilla warfare, covert and clandestine as well as direct and indirect operations.
Special Reconnaissance missions have the Navy SEALs gathering intelligence on the abilities and activities of an enemy as well as assessing the weapons (chemical, biological, nuclear or environmental) the enemy has obtained. This intelligence may include weather and geographic information prior to obtaining a specific target or after a specific target has been acquired in order to evaluate the extent of the damage that has been inflicted.
Psychological Operations missions are used to influence various governments, agencies, or individuals through the use of radio, media, or pamphlets to impact emotions and ultimately decisions. This is a covert mission as the goal is to deceive the enemy into making decisions other than those originally planned.
Civil Affairs Operations
Civil Affairs Operations often assist foreign governments with water, electricity, security or other local government responsibilities in order to improve foreign relations. These operations may occur at any time before, during, or after a military operation. The Civil Affairs Operations may provide aid to areas that are friendly, neutral, or hostile.
Information Operations support direct action, special reconnaissance, and psychological operations in their missions. Additionally, these operations require Navy SEALs to impact an enemy's information through computers as well as weapons technology systems while defending our own information and weapons systems from attack.
Counterproliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
Counterproliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction requires SEALs to obtain or destroy weapons of mass destruction while monitoring and enforcing foreign governments to maintain the arms control treaties. Navy SEALs are also directed to obtain dangerous materials shipped via land, air or sea.
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