Planting a vegetable garden in Texas requires a sunny or partially sunny plot that has fertile soil and good drainage. Many vegetables thrive in the warm temperatures of Texas summers and the autumn months and with just a little planning, you can have a garden year round if you live in the central or southern parts of the state. People who live in the northern part of the state still benefit from long growing seasons and relatively mild weather.
Vegetables Requiring Full Sun
Planting vegetables that your family enjoys is of vital importance in planning a vegetable garden. If you cannot use your full harvest, be sure to share with friends, relatives and neighbors or prepare to freeze or can the vegetables. Vegetables that require full sunlight are beans, broccoli, cauliflower, cucumbers and eggplant. Potatoes are a vegetable that many people prepare several times a week in their menus and these do well in full sunshine. Other vegetables that require plenty of sun are tomatoes, squash, peppers, peas and onions, according to the AgriLife Extension website.
Vegetables That Tolerate Partial Shade
Leafy vegetables will tolerate partial shade in Texas vegetable gardens. Examples of leafy vegetables are lettuce, collards, kale, parsley, spinach, cabbage and mustard greens. Other vegetables that do well in partial shade are beets, brussel sprouts, carrots, turnips and radishes.
Selecting Texas Varieties
Certain varieties of vegetables thrive in Texas climates and soils. When choosing crowder peas try varieties such as Mississippi Silver or the Zipper variety. Cream peas do especially well if you plant Champion or Cream 40. Texas White is a variety of garlic that grows well in Texas. Sweet corn is a favorite in Texas homes and varieties such as Silver Queen, Kandy Korn and Guadalupe Gold do well in Texas soils. Asparagus is an expensive vegetable to purchase and it is delicious grilled or steamed, try varieties such as Jersey Giant or Jersey Gem, according to the Aggie Horticulture website.
Pest Control in Texas Gardens
Texas has lengthy growing seasons and mild winters; this encourages large insect populations. Chemical pesticides will help control this problem, but use only according to the package directions and make sure your vegetable is listed on the label. Keep an eye on your crops; spraying is unnecessary until you see evidence that a pest is invading your vegetables.
- Photo Credit potato image by Henryk Olszewski from Fotolia.com