Properties of Hardened Steel


Hardened steel is a type of medium to hard plain carbon steel that has undergone heat treatment, quenching and further reheating. Components made of hardened steel have a hard exterior casing and a robust core, and include arbors, axles, link components, driving pinions, camshafts and cardan joints. Application areas of components made from hardened steel include transportation, energy generation and general mechanical engineering. Types of hardened steel include Z60CDV14, Sandvic 12C27, CPM440V and ATS34.

Wear Resistance

  • Hardened steel is resistant to wear, rough usage, high-impact pressure and shock. It is used to make power shovels, steel balls, nozzles, surgical instruments, crushers and plates for rock-processing. Steel with a sufficient amount of chromium that undergoes heat treatment hardens to form chromium carbide particles, which increase the wear resistance of the steel alloy. Hardened steels with a greater concentration of carbon contain a higher amount of chromium carbide and exhibit enhanced wear-resistance properties.

Corrosion Resistance

  • According to "Surface Engineering for Corrosion and Wear Resistance," corrosion costs the U.S. billions of dollars annually by affecting materials and metallic surfaces used in industries. Hardened steel is resistant to corrosive chemical environments, potable water and atmospheric corrosion. Hardened steel is applied with corrosion-resistant coating to further enhance its resistive properties.

Abrasion Resistance

  • Hardened steel offers exceptional resistance to severe sliding abrasion and is able to withstand drilling and punching. Its abrasion-resistant properties enable hardened steel to be used in aggregates quarries and hard-rock mining, and to make conveyors, chutes, highway truck beds, crushers, hoppers and troughs.


  • According to "Steel Heat Treatment: Equipment and Process Design," the durability of heat-treated hardened steel is at least twice that of untreated and oil-treated steel. Hardened steel is used to make knives, the optimal hardness of which depends upon the proportions of carbon, manganese and chromium. Examples of hardened steels used in knife-making include the 154 CM (chromium 14 percent, manganese 0.5 percent and carbon 1.05 percent); 420HC (chromium 13.5 percent, manganese 0.35 to 0.9 percent and carbon 0.5 to 0.7 percent); and ATS34 (chromium 14 percent, manganese 0.4 percent and carbon 1.05 percent). Knives made from these hard steels last longer than those made from regular soft to medium steels.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit stainless steel image by Tom Oliveira from
Promoted By Zergnet



You May Also Like

  • How to Harden 4140 Steel

    Hardening steels involves the basic process of heating the steel to organize the crystalline structure in a uniform way and then rapidly...

  • How to Make Steel Hard

    Ideally, steel should be in its softest form when being machined. This state, known as the annealed state, shortens the time required...

  • How to Weld Hardened Steel

    Hardened steel is a form of high carbon steel that has been tempered through a heating process to make the metal more...

  • How to Harden & Temper Steel

    Steel is hardened and tempered so that its properties make it fit for a certain purpose. Cost savings are made when an...

  • Properties of & Uses for 8620 Grade Steel

    The steel alloy of grade 8620 is also called nickel-chromium-molybdenum steel. It is a sturdy alloy, largely composed of carbon, with many...

  • 1020 Carbon Steel Properties

    Highly used 1020 carbon steel is a general-purpose low carbon steel. The 10 in the 1020 refers to the iron and 20...

  • Physical Properties of 4140 Steel

    American Iron and Steel Institute grade 4140 steel is one of the most used steels in terms of physical characteristics per dollar....

  • Properties of 4140 HT Steel

    4140 steel is a high-alloy tool steel designed to have good strength and toughness characteristics, such as limited corrosion resistance. It is...

  • What Are the Best Drill Bits for Drilling Metal?

    Just like there are a variety of different types of drills, there are also many different drill bits from which to choose....

  • Properties of 1045 Steel

    Used in the manufacture of a variety of bolts, connecting rods, hydraulic clamps and rams, axles, a variety of pins, a variety...

  • The Properties of AISI 1018 Cold Drawn Steel

    American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) 1018 cold-drawn steel is a mild carbon steel used in a wide range of applications because...

  • ANSI AR400 Steel Specifications

    AR400 is a specialty steel designed at the chemical level for improved wear resistance for very specific applications. The steel is relatively...

  • Stainless Bolt Specifications

    Stainless steel bolts, like many of the 500,000 other types of fasteners, can be produced in one of two ways – each...

Related Searches

Check It Out

How to Build and Grow a Salad Garden On Your Balcony

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!