Plants & Animals That Live by Swamps

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Swamps are filled with a huge variation of plants and animals that are attracted to moisture. The wet environment in a swamp is also an ideal breeding ground for insects such as mosquitoes. This is why frogs are also found in this area. Many frogs such as the spring pepper and green frog feed on insects and plants in the wetlands.

Beaver

  • Beavers enjoy living out their days in wetlands building miniature dams and other structures out of rocks, sticks and mud. They are nocturnal, meaning they mainly come out at night, but they can still be seen swimming during the day at times.

    Beavers have thick brown fur and a flat paddle-like tail for moving fast through the water. These creatures also have very sharp teeth and claws. They chew up entire logs and even move heavy logs into the water to create dams. These animals do not hibernate, but they build comfortable living structures for the winter months.

Cypress Trees

  • Cypress trees are found in swamps and other areas above water. The trees are still rooted under ground in the water. Over time, root saturation causes the trees to wither down to pointy stumps that stick out above the water. The trees have very wide bases and their dying appearance often give swamps a creepy feeling. Some cypress trees maintain their shape for many years while others will wither down much more quickly. This might be from animals harvesting the trees as well.

Spring Pepper Frog

  • The spring pepper frog is a small frog that is found in swamps, ponds and marshes. Spring peppers are typically tan and brownish gray. They hunt flies, beetles and other insects at night. "National Geographic Magazine" says spring pepper frogs mate and lay their eggs in the water and then spend the rest of the time above water on lily pads or other plants. They also like to hibernate under logs.

Swamp Dogwood

  • Swamp dogwoods are trees found in Louisiana, Florida and Virginia. This plant can grow up to 15 feet tall and produce small fruit. The swamp dogwood is different than other types of dogwood trees because this type of dogwood needs a lot of thick, rich soil to survive. You will also find these trees along river banks and islands.

References

  • Photo Credit frogs image by Sean Gladwell from Fotolia.com
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