Historical Monuments in Delhi

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Delhi is home to some of the great monuments of India.
Delhi is home to some of the great monuments of India.

Delhi is the gateway to India for most overseas visitors and has been a crossroads of history in India for centuries, where Muslim and Hindu cultures have merged. The vibrant, bustling streets in Delhi can be overwhelming for new visitors, but it is worth braving the throngs of locals in order to visit the many well-known historical monuments of Delhi.

  1. The Red Fort

    • The Red Fort, so named for the reddish hue of the masonry, is one of the largest and most popular sites in Delhi.
      The Red Fort, so named for the reddish hue of the masonry, is one of the largest and most popular sites in Delhi.

      The Red Fort is one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture in India. Built between 1638 and 1648 by Shah Jahan, the Red Fort is a labyrinth of public halls, ornate marble palaces, private apartments, a mosque and a central garden. The fort withstood a great deal of turmoil during its long history, from the Persian invasion of 1739 to the War of Independence with the British in 1857, and has escaped relatively unscathed. Although looting has deprived the fort of some of its riches, particularly the gem-encrusted throne room of the Shah, the fort is still an impressive structure that holds great historical importance for the people of Delhi. It is now the site of a large market bazaar.

    Qutab Minar

    • The Qutab Minar is the tallest brick structure in the world, and the most iconic structure in Delhi.
      The Qutab Minar is the tallest brick structure in the world, and the most iconic structure in Delhi.

      Built in 1193 by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak, the Qutab Minar is the tallest brick tower in the world and the most iconic structure in Delhi. Images of the Qutab Minar can be seen all over Delhi, since it has become synonymous with the colonial history of the city. The 238-foot tall structure is an exquisite example of Indo-Islamic architecture, rising from the ubiquitous manicured garden. It is a popular place for locals to enjoy their lunch, as well as for visitors to get an up-close look at this designated World Heritage Site.

    India Gate

    • India Gate is best visited at night when the light and sound show illuminates the stately structure.
      India Gate is best visited at night when the light and sound show illuminates the stately structure.

      Originally called the All India War Memorial, the scope of meaning surrounding the India Gate has grown from a World War I memorial to one that encompass all Indians lost in battle. Designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens, the heavily English-inspired architecture of the India Gate is a perfect example of the cultural fusion that occurred during the British occupation. Beneath the arch burns the Amar Jawan Jyoti, or eternal flame, which was lit in 1971 in remembrance of the 90,000 Indians who have fallen in battle. The site is an important historical monument, as well as a popular recreational area.

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References

  • Photo Credit humayuns tomb image by Horticulture from Fotolia.com inde,fort d"agra image by jean claude braun from Fotolia.com qutb minar image by ralf werner froelich from Fotolia.com India Gate image by zulfeqar ali from Fotolia.com

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