The remaining 5,000 universities are divided into three categories: "Autonomous," "Colleges With Potential for Excellence" and the generic "Colleges." Autonomous schools receive extra funding to develop unique curriculum that experiment with course offerings and teaching styles. There are 59 universities on the Autonomous list, including some of India’s top programs. These include the University of Madras, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Tamil Nadu State and the University of Pune. Other notable universities on the list are Mother Theresa Women’s University, University of Hyderabad and Bangalore University.
Colleges With Potential for Excellence (CPE) focus on developing good teachers. The UGC wants one percent, or 155, of the country’s colleges devoted to developing quality teachers. Among the Autonomous Universities receiving CPE funding are Kakatiya, Mangalore and Rani Durgavati Universities. Women’s colleges are frequently selected for CPE programs.
The rest fall under the broad category of Colleges. These can be basic liberal arts universities, though many specialize in law, medicine, engineering and various trades. While not cited for specific UGC programs, several are among India’s top schools, including the Indira Gandhi Institute for Developmental Research, Banaras Hindu University, Jamia Millia Islamia and the Birla Institute of Technology and Science.