Ducts are integral parts of ventilation systems, including heating and air conditioning. They are the pathways for airflow and are important for indoor air quality. Ducts are usually not visible, being inside walls and ceilings, connected to furnaces and central air conditioning units. Sheet metal ducts are made from aluminum sheet metal or galvanized steel sheet metal. There are many kinds, sizes and shapes of sheet metal ducts, but some common duct pieces are plenums, dampers, duct sleeves, roof curbs, and squares to rounds.
A plenum is a sheet metal box that attaches to the furnace or air unit and other duct work in the airflow system. In an HVAC system, there is a plenum for the supply air and one for the return air. The plenum has flanges or flashing used to attach it to the furnace, eliminate gaps and create a good barrier for the air flow without leaks.
A damper is a sheet metal part--either round or square depending on the shape of the duct work it will be used with--that is used to control drafts or surges in the air flow through ducts. It opens when the system is on and pushing air through the vents, and it closes when there's no active air flow to keep out drafts or chilled or hot air. Dampers are used at central locations in the intake and outflow of the air system. They can be a flat metal part on a swivel or a levered series of flat metal pieces that open and close together.
Duct sleeves are the long rectangular metal ducts through which air flows in a heating and air system. They don't attach directly to the furnace or air unit; instead, they attach to other duct sleeves and other duct work pieces like plenums and corner connectors. They make up the main pathway for air flow.
A roof curb is a sheet metal duct box that connects a rooftop heating or air unit to the duct work system inside the building. It has flashing around the bottom edge and the connecting edge to seal any air leaks and is made to fit the unit it will connect to.
Squares to Rounds
Squares to rounds are sheet metal duct connector pieces designed to connect square duct work to round duct work. One end is square shaped. The sides are formed and attached to a round collar the right size to connect with the round duct work. These are transition pieces for systems that have different shapes of duct work
- Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images
How to Cut Metal Ductwork
Cutting metal it to length and cutting holes in for taps are two common reasons to cut metal ductwork. The thin sheet...
How to Find the Tonnage of an HVAC Compressor
Air conditioning systems are sized using tons as the unit of measurement. Each ton equals 12,000 BTU (British Thermal Units). Knowing the...
How to Connect Duct Work
Residential duct work supplies heated or cooled air to the living space from the furnace and returns the same amount of air...
How to Insulate a Metal Duct
If you have metal heating and/or air-conditioning ducts in your home that aren't insulated, they are probably costing you energy dollars. The...
How to Join Metal Ductwork
Metal residential duct systems are fabricated using light-gauge galvanized steel. Home systems are usually low-pressure,1/2-inch water gauge with air movement measuring less...
Types of Metal Sheets
Sheet metal has many uses in modern society. Fences, furniture, automobiles and even computers use sheet metal. Sheet metal gains its name...
DIY HVAC Duct Parts
DIY HVAC duct parts refers to the various components that are necessary to construct an organized system for drawing, treating, delivering and...