Long-Term Memory and Critical Thinking Skills

The spongy matter in our skulls -- the brain -- is a fascinating, complex and still mysterious organ. It is the source of our consciousness and the means by which we perceive sensory data, form memories and use logic and reasoning to figure out problems. Long-term memory and critical thinking are two important neurological functions.

  1. Matching Skills

    • Matching is one area of long-term memory that involves comparing and contrasting new information to information already stored for the long term. Categorization, also called "chunking," is one kind of matching that allows you to typify and classify elements in your long-term memory. Another matching skill related to long-term memory is extrapolation, which relates to applying long-term memories to better understand new information.

    Attention, Storage and Retrieval

    • Long-term memory skills are divided into three sub-categories: attention, storage and retrieval. Attention involves a conscious (or unconscious) awareness of some stimulus that can be processed into a memory. Storage is the formation and maintenance of actual long-term memories in the brain. Retrieval is the skill required for recalling a memory from the recesses of the mind.

    Problem-Solving

    • Problem-solving is a type of critical thinking in which an individual must use available information to devise a solution or develop a strategy to a complex problem. Problem-solving may be short term (for example, figuring out what kind of tool to use for a given project) or long term (strategizing how to improve one's life within the next 10 years). The problem-solving method involved in critical thinking follows several stages: stating the problem, evaluating the desired outcome, generating potential solutions, deducing the best one and executing the plan then retroactively revising the plan as needed.

    Elaboration

    • Elaboration is a kind of critical thinking in which you make reasoned judgments about something not explicitly learned. It involves using available information to infer or elaborate on conclusions based on logical connections. Elaboration is especially pertinent in higher-order activities, such as reading fiction. Within the fiction text, a subtext parallels the text and contains information that's not explicitly stated but nonetheless relevant. Reading requires individuals to make logical inferences in order to get the whole picture.

Related Searches

References

  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images

You May Also Like

  • The Effects of Critical Thinking & Long-term Memory

    Both critical thinking and long-term memory are necessary components of a vibrant, intelligent mind. Although scholars disagree whether either can be taught,...

  • Skills for Critical Thinking

    Long-Term Memory and Critical Thinking Skills. The spongy matter in our skulls -- the brain -- is a fascinating, complex and still...

  • Critical Thinking & Reasoning Skills

    Reason and critical thinking seem to be integrally linked. ... They must be able to take information from long-term memory and determine...

  • Cognitive Skills to Improve Comprehension

    A reader’s memory includes long-term memory skills, ... How to Build Cognitive Critical Thinking Skills; How to Improve My Reading Comprehension Skills;...

  • Critical Thinking Vs. Common Sense

    Long-Term Memory and Critical Thinking Skills. The spongy matter in our skulls -- the brain -- is a fascinating, complex and still...

  • How to Improve Your Critical Thinking Skills

    How to Improve Your Critical Thinking Skills. ... Reading improves memory by requiring the reader to remember plot, event, setting, and character...

  • Memorization Learning Strategies

    Long-Term Memory and Critical Thinking Skills; Memorization Techniques for Algebraic Equations; How to Improve Memorization for Kids; How to Memorize a Long...

  • What Part of the Brain Affects Learning?

    Damage to this area of the brain may affect critical thinking and problem solving skills. ... short-term and long-term memory ... the...

  • Free Critical Thinking Games for Adults

    You can find online a wide variety of free critical thinking games. These games can test your skills in logic, language, math...

  • Vitamins for Thinking

    How to Increase Critical Thinking Skills; ... men who had been taking the supplements long term. ... to reverse loss of memory...

  • About Memory Formation in the Brain

    Life Skills Gadget Guide. ... it will be stored in the long term memory after a day or two. ... Conditions such...

  • Critical Thinking & Research Skills

    Long-Term Memory and Critical Thinking Skills. The spongy matter in our skulls -- the brain -- is a fascinating, complex and still...

  • Thinking Skill Games

    Since children learn more when they play, certain games can train them at an early age in useful thinking skills including critical...

  • Ways to Improve Critical Thinking Skills

    Definitions of what constitutes "critical thinking" vary. Generally, this term refers to a process of thinking that is organized, is logical and...

  • What Parts of the Brain Control Memory?

    The parts of the brain called the temporal lobes (TLs) play a critical role in storing and retrieving memories. In order to...

  • Causes of Long-Term Memory Loss

    Most people suffer from occasional forgetfulness such as forgetting to put out the trash, but for millions of Americans, forgetting is a...

  • Effects of Alcohol on Thinking

    Effects of Alcohol on Thinking. ... are different for each person and can include short-term symptoms as well as long-term health ......

  • Long-Term Effects of Lack of Sleep on Memory

    There is a difference between sleep deprivation and insomnia but both can affect human memory. ... The Effects of Critical Thinking &...

  • Memorization Vs. Learning

    Memory is a fundamental tool for human learning. ... Critical Thinking Skills. Numerous facts may gain a richer meaning if compared and...

  • Memory & Alzheimer's Disease

    Life Skills. eHow; Diseases ... Information stored in the remote or long-term memory remains intact initially in Alzheimer's disease. ... It affects...

Related Ads

Read Article

Top 10 Advantages of Having Kids After 35