How Does Self-Concept Impact Learning?


Self-concept, or the awareness or understanding of one's self, is a factor that is often considered by teachers and educational experts to play an important role in the education of children. There is some dispute as to the relationship between self-concept and learning, however, so teachers must explore the issue in their own classrooms to come up with the most accurate conclusion.

Understanding Self-Concept

  • Self-concept is the way in which people view and understand themselves. Self-concept should not be confused with self-esteem, which deals with how confident students are in their abilities. Students often develop much of their own self-concept in school because self-concepts are developed as the child grows and develops and students spend a large amount of time during their development in the classroom environment. Thus, many teachers, administrators and educators wonder how self-concept affects how students learn.

Self-Concept and Learning Debate

  • There is a lot of debate among scientists and psychologists about whether or not self-concept actually has an effect on learning. An article from the National Association of School Psychologists states that "self-concept is frequently positively correlated with academic performance, but it appears to be a consequence rather than a cause of high achievement." Students may develop their self-concept more easily after demonstrating high achievement in school, instead of high achievement in school being a result of a student's self-concept.

Academic Self-Concept

  • Academic self-concept is one specific aspect of a student's self-concept. Academic self-concept refers to how the student understand their academic abilities. For example, a student who sees herself as intelligent, an excellent reader and good at mathematics has a positive academic self-concept. A study conducted by Investigacian Psicopedagogica found that "academic self-concept powerfully and positively predicts both general achievement as well as that in language arts and mathematics." Thus, if students has a positive academic self-concept, they will perform better in school and vise versa.

Activities to Improve Self-Concept

  • Teachers can incorporate activities into the learning environment for their students to help students develop their self-concepts. Use activities that fit in with the class you are teaching. For example, if you teach a language arts class, assign students to write one journal entry a week in which they reflect about something that has gone on at school that week. This activity will help students learn to see themselves in a new way. Use the activities to help students determine their academic strengths and weaknesses.

Related Searches


  • Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images
Promoted By Zergnet


Related Searches

Check It Out

Can You Take Advantage Of Student Loan Forgiveness?

Is DIY in your DNA? Become part of our maker community.
Submit Your Work!