Parents may need full-time help for a variety of reasons. For instance, they may suffer from dementia, have a chronic medical condition or be addicted to a substance. Caregivers are available to provide assistance in these situations, which often provides an enormous emotional and physical relief to children and other family members. These caregivers typically earn less than $30,000 per year, according to May 2010 data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Home Health Aide Versus Personal Care Aide
Parental caregivers fall into one of two categories: personal care aide or home health aide. Personal care aides may provide basic assistance to the parents of their clients. For instance, they may help them to bathe, eat and dress. They may have fundamental training in subjects such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, but as the Bureau of Labor Statistics explains, they do not need to be licensed and don't receive a minimum level of training. Home health aides, by comparison, have to undergo standardized training and get a license. They're qualified to perform basic medical tasks like checking vitals and dressing wounds in addition to providing personal care. For this reason, parental caregivers can earn different salaries, depending on their training and the medical needs of the person receiving help.
According to the bureau, in May 2010, home health aides earned an average of $21,760 per year. This converts to $10.46 per hour. Personal care aides, because of their lack of medical training, earned a lower average of $20,420 per year, or $9.82 per hour.
Home health aides in the lowest 10th percentile earned $16,300 per year, or $7.84 per hour, in May 2010, according to the bureau. In the 90th percentile, pay was $29,390 per year, or $14.13 per hour. Personal care aides earned $15,970 annually, or $7.68 hourly, in the 10th percentile. Personal care aides made $25,900 annually, or $12.45 hourly, in the 90th percentile.
Pay by State
The best-paying state for both home health aides and personal care aides that care for parents and other individuals was Alaska in May 2010, says the bureau. This state had an average compensation of $29,250 per year for home health aides and an average of $29,690 for personal care aides. Puerto Rico was the lowest-paying region for both types of aides, providing an average of $16,990 per year for home health aides and an average of $16,650 for personal care aides.
Pay by Industry
Parental care may be given in different areas, depending on the needs of the person receiving care. In May 2010, the home health care services industry had the highest level of employment for home health aides, according to the bureau. The average compensation in this industry was $21,330 per year. The industry with the highest level of employment for personal care aides was individual and family services, which paid an average salary of $20,650. Pay was best for both aide types in psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals, which had an average of $34,970 for home health aides and an average of $30,960 for personal care aides.
Some full-time caregivers for parents live with the person for whom they are providing care. These caregivers have the perk of free rent and often have their meals provided as well. Additionally, caregivers may be employed or self-employed. If a caregiver is employed, rates of $100 to $300 a day aren't unusual, but the caregiver doesn't receive all of this pay, as their agency takes a cut. Self-employed caregivers get to keep all of their earnings but may have to cover other expenses, such as vacation time or insurance. Many caregivers work more than full-time if they are live-in, which typically entitles them to overtime pay.