Owners of above ground swimming pools often find themselves wondering if they can place their pools on a concrete slab. Certainly, a swimming pool on a concrete slab eliminates any worry that grass or weeds will eventually push through the pool's liner. Also, a level concrete slab provides a very stable platform on which to site an above ground pool.
Even small above ground pools weigh a lot, though, so the concrete slabs they sit on have to be sturdy.
A concrete slab that slab must be able to withstand the pool's weight. Standard concrete slabs run from 4 inches up to 8 inches thick, which is more than enough to withstand a pool's weight in most cases.Concrete has to have enough compressive strength to support a swimming pool but even slabs made of low strength concrete have enough compressive strength for the task.
Compressive strength is a measure of how much weight the concrete can withstand if the weight's placed directly on top of it. Conventional concrete can withstand compressive stresses of 7,000 lbs. per square inch (psi). Even low strength, or "3,000-lb. concrete," can withstand 3,000 psi. A standard 18-foot round, 4-foot deep swimming pool's water weight is about 63,700 lbs.(7,650 gallons x 8.33 lbs.), which even 3,000-lb. concrete's compressive strength can easily handle.
Before you place a swimming pool on a concrete slab always make sure it's level. A concrete slab that's not level will create a swimming pool that's not level. Water in a pool on a surface that isn't level will press against pool walls that aren't level, causing pool wall collapse. Additionally, don't place a pool on an above ground pool that's cracked or buckled because it won't be strong enough to support the pool's weight.
Concrete slabs can be somewhat abrasive and wear away a swimming pool's vinyl liner floor if slab surfaces aren't cushioned. Plus, a concrete slab's surface is just too hard for swimmer comfort, so cushioning the slab before a pool is placed on it is wise. Several good pool floor cushioning materials exist, including solid foam insulation and thick smooth carpet padding. Also, there are commercially available pool floor pads available, with an 18-foot round model costing, at the time of publication, about $120.
- The Engineering Toolbox: Thickness of Concrete Slabs
- Concrete Construction; Concrete Floor Slabs; Pieter Vanderwerf
- Portland Cement Association: Frequently Asked Questions "What is 3,000 Pound Concrete?"
- Backyard City Pools: Above Ground Swimming Pools - FAQs "Can I Install an Above Ground Pool on Concrete?"
- MikeKunz.com; Soft Underlayment for Above Ground Pools; Mike Kunz; June 26, 2007
- Shade Builder: Installing an Oval Pool on Concrete Slab