What Is an Annex in Math?

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Annexes in math may sound complex but they are in fact very simple. However, the word "annex" has multiple meanings, which can make it confusing. Annexing a number to either side of an equation may involve either adding or multiplying. Annexing may be useful when attempting to solve algebra.

Annexing by Addition

  • If you start off with the equation:

    2x + 6 = 4y + 16

    You may add a number to either side of the equation. For example, you may add 4 to either side:

    2x + 10 = 4y + 20

    Here annexing simply means adding.

Annexing by Mulitplication

  • If you start off with the equation:

    44,670 x 5 = 223,350

    You can multiply either side of they equation by annexing zero:

    446,700 x 5 = 2,233,500

    In this case annexing means multiplication.

Purpose of Annexing by Addition

  • Annexing a number to either side of the equation makes it possible to complete the equation. For example:

    2x + 10 = 4y + 20

    Rearranging gives you:

    2x - 4y = 20 -10 = 10

Purpose of Annexing by Multiplication

  • If you are asked to make the following calculation:

    44,670 x 5 =

    You may find it easier if you multiply either side of the equation by annexing 0:

    (44,670 x 10) / 2 = 446,700 / 2 = 223,350

    This method is helpful if you find it easier to divide by 2 than to multiply by 5. In many cases this will be true, and annexation can therefore be a useful technique.

References

  • "Complete Mathematics"; T. Johnson et al.; 2010
  • Photo Credit Hemera Technologies/AbleStock.com/Getty Images
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