Behavioral Traits of Dachshunds

Dachshunds enjoy playing outside as well as inside.
Dachshunds enjoy playing outside as well as inside. (Image: Jupiterimages/ Images)

Dachshunds have long been known for their hunting abilities and vibrant energy; however, many of this breed's behavioral and personality traits may be a little too much to handle for some pet owners. Dachshunds are a medium-sized breed; standards weigh 16 pounds or more and miniatures weigh 11 pounds or less. They are low maintenance with smooth, long or wirehaired fur. There are six colors of dachshunds including red, black and tan, wild boar (light brown with black on the tips of each hair), gray and fawn, dapple and chocolate.

Interaction With Owners

If you are looking for a dog that is loyal and good with people, a dachshund is a great choice. The breed is very interactive, loves to cuddle and enjoys being around people, their owners in particular. They will sleep as close to you as possible, on top of your lap or under the blankets. They are also known to follow owners around the house, inside or out, because they are less anxious when close to humans.

Interaction With Children

While dachshunds are great with adults and older children who are able to keep up with them and play with them often, they are not a recommended dog breed if you have babies or very small children in the home. They are extremely energetic and can sometimes be too hyper for babies or toddlers just learning to walk. With children who take daily naps, dachshunds will more often than not wake them up unintentionally because they are incessant barkers.

Hunting and Playing

Dachshunds are natural hunters, using their short legs and going by their instincts to dig foxes, rabbits and badgers from their underground dens. Dachshunds are vivacious and playful, often filled with energy. They are spunky, fearless and courageous and have no problem standing up to larger, more intimidating dog breeds. They enjoy playing outdoors in large, open spaces, however they also want to play indoors which can be a problem for some pet owners.


Dachshunds can be very stubborn and difficult to house-train which is one of the reasons shelters have so many of this breed. To train a dachshund, start as early as possible, be consistent and be very patient. While it may not learn right away, they are intelligent dogs and will catch on eventually.


A dachshund's personality traits are complex; they are interactive and loving to their owners but can have moderate to severe separation anxiety. If you are often away from home, it may cause a problem with a dachshund which can have anxiety issues each time you leave. Without proper training, dachshunds also spend a good deal of their time barking, biting and chewing on things.

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