Types of Bricks That Make the Best Buildings

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Bricks are one of the basic building blocks of any construction project. Used for thousands of years, bricks come in a variety of types depending on what sort of structure you are building, ranging from clay bricks for house facades to masonry bricks used as the foundation layer for houses. The type of brick you use depends on the building as well as your budget.

Clay Bricks

  • Clay bricks are the oldest type of bricks in existence, and they have been in use since ancient times. Sand, clay, mud and water are mixed together into the desired consistency, then the clay is pressed into molds and formed into bricks. These bricks are then fired (cooked) in a kiln to achieve their desired strength. They are generally red or brown in color, and are the most common type of brick in use. They are normally used for outer facades for buildings, such as homes.

Concrete Bricks

  • Concrete bricks are normally referred to as masonry blocks, and they are created using a mixture of sand, cement and water. The mixture is pressed into a mold depending on the type of masonry block required, but rather than being fired in a kiln they are cured using low-pressure steam over an extended period of time depending on the required strength. Concrete bricks are most commonly used as the foundation level of houses and buildings where they will then be covered by another finished surface.

Natural Stone Bricks

  • Natural stone bricks are those that are found only in nature. Marble, slate, limestone, sandstone and granite are a few examples of types of natural stone bricks. They are some of the most durable bricks available for construction, but they are also the most difficult to install given the variation in size and shape. They are ideal for rustic buildings or structures, and they can be cut into shape depending on the type of structure being built.

Decorative Brick

  • Decorative bricks are man-made bricks that have been glazed, painted or otherwise covered on at least one side to create a finished look that is ideal for decorating a building. They are generally only for show, as they are designed with beauty in mind rather than structural integrity, and they are often used in conjunction with clay bricks to create patterns on the outer walls of structures.

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