Factors That Influence Employee Job Satisfaction

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Management style can influence an employee's job satisfaction.
Management style can influence an employee's job satisfaction. (Image: Photos.com/Photos.com/Getty Images)

Many factors influence an employee's job satisfaction. People want to perform tasks or work on projects with which they are familiar. Being unfamiliar with various work-related tasks can cause stress, which can negatively affect an individual's personal life. Most people like to get past learning curves on jobs so they can become productive employees. Employees who are overworked can also become stressed. Other key factors also impact an employee's job satisfaction.

Pay

Employees like to earn at least what they are worth. Most companies establish salary ranges for various jobs. For example, a consumer products company may pay marketing managers with three to five years experience $70,000 to $85,000 per year. Other salaries in the industry may be comparable. Therefore, if a marketing manager is not earning at least $70,000 annually, he may not feel he his being paid enough. Subsequently, he may become dissatisfied with his job and start looking for one that pays more. Pay is certainly not the only factor that affects an employee's job satisfaction. However, employees may become dissatisfied with jobs because of low pay, even when they are happy with other aspects.

Leadership Style

Managers must know the right management style to use with employees. Some employees prefer close supervision. They expect their supervisors to assign them daily tasks and check their work. Others like autonomy, so they may not respond well to close supervision. Rather, they may best respond to a leadership style encouraging creativity and self-sufficiency. Many companies use a participative leadership style through which employees, particularly managers, have some input in company strategies. However, when top managers make all the decisions, it can cause job dissatisfaction among talented employees.

Responsibilities and Advancement Opportunities

The most ambitious employees often strive for more responsibilities as they gain experience. So responsibility is a major factor that can influence an employee's job satisfaction. Employees who take on more responsibilities can learn more in their current positions. Subsequently, they are more prepared for promotions when positions open. Employees who are goal-oriented seek advancement opportunities in companies. Thus, they have a greater chance of being satisfied with their jobs when they get promoted within their organizations.

Recognition

Most employees like recognition for the work they perform, and it can positively impact their job satisfaction. Recognition can include occasional pats on the back or "job well done" comments. Recognition is considered a form of positive reinforcement and serves as a motivator. Employees work even harder because their work is valued and appreciated.

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