Frames of Reference in Occupational Behavior


There are many frames of references in occupational behavior. These frames of reference identify factors that determine how well people perform certain basic functions and looks at external factors that can help identify why they perform the functions the way they do. These models of occupational behavior can help people who need help performing simple every day functions by identifying where help is needed.

PEOP Model

The Person Environmental Occupational Performance (PEOP) model identifies intrinsic and extrinsic factors of a person's everyday life and determines how well they perform at their everyday functions. This model looks at how people interact with other people to identify the intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The intrinsic factors looked at are psychological, physiological and cognitive. The extrinsic factors are social support, economic status and culture.


The Occupational Therapy Intervention Process (OTIPMP) model is used for people who may need therapy to peform everyday functions, such as stroke victims or people with chronic pain. The subjects are asked how well they think they can perfrom everyday functions. Then, they are asked to perform the function while being evaluated. These functions can range from walking down the hall, going to the bathroom, getting dressed or ironing a shirt. Once the evaluation is complete, it is determined if therapy is needed and for how long.


The Occupational Performance (OP) model identifies three environmental factors and then looks at specific skill-sets to see how well a person can perform certain tasks. The three environmental factors are physical, social and cultural. The skill-sets looked at are motor skills, interpersonal and intrapersonal communication skills, cognitive thinking skills and biomechanical skills.


The Model of Human Occupation (MOHJO) model looks at how human behavior is patterned and performed using three different factors, volition, habituation and performance capacity. Volition looks at what motivates a person to perform certain acts. habituation looks at the process and patterns that develop from the process of the act. Performance capacity identifies the mental and phsical skills a person has to perform certain acts.

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